WWII Molly, Georgia, Sophie & AlicePresentation Transcript
World war 2
Background Information The exact date of the war's end is not universally agreed upon. It has been suggested that the war ended at the armistice of 14 August 1945 (V-J Day), rather than the formal surrender of Japan (2 September 1945); in some European histories, it ended on V-E Day (8 May 1945). The Treaty of Peace with Japan was not signed until 1951. The start of the war is generally held to be 1 September 1939 beginning with the German invasion of Poland; Britain and France declared war on Germany two days later. Other dates for the beginning of war include the Japanese invasion of Manchuria on 13 September 1931;the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July 1937;or one of several other events. Others follow A. J. P. Taylor, who held that there was a simultaneous Sino-Japanese War in East Asia, and a Second European War in Europe and her colonies. The two wars merged in 1941, becoming a single global conflict, at which point the war continued until 1945. This article uses the conventional dating. Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini
The Blitz Hitler decided to invade Britain his plan was simple, to take over the English channel by destroying the British airforce then send in German troops on foot. The R.A.F went into the air and there were many battles between British and German planes over the Channel and South Coast. Although British lost many, German lost more and at the beginning of September Hitler decided to try a new plan to take over Britain.
Shelters There were public shelters in most towns, but many people built Anderson shelters in their gardens so that they had protection if they couldnt get to the public shelter. Anderson shelters were made out of corrugated iron and were very strong. A hole was dug in the garden, then the shelter was placed in the hole and it was covered with earth. An air-raid siren warned people when a raid was about to begin.
Evacuation The British evacuation began on Friday 1 September 1939. It was called 'Operation Pied Piper'. Between 1939 - 1945 there were three big evacuations because of the German Luftwaffe bombing Britain. Although ww2 ended in 1945 the evacuees were not brought back until 1946 to make sure Britain was safe.
Every child had a lable which they had to wear on their journey Years on and she still has her lable
Some 78% of children that were evacuated Were treated as little kings and queens in Their new, temporary, homes. But, to many peoples dissapointment, 12% of the children that were evacuated were treated as if they were animals; Food scraps were thrown on the floor for them to eat, Water was stale and poured into a silver dog bowl for the children to slurp out of and unfortunatly, on many occasions, a small 5% of the children were physically, mentally and sexually abused.
Thank you for watching our presentation!! By Molly, Georgia, Sophie and Alice!