Cardiology Mnemonics
Dpt. Aamir Memon
11/28/2013
Cardiology Mnemonics
SYNCOPE
ACLS
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Anxiety
Cardiovascular causes
Los s of volume/orthostasis
Seizure/neurologic ca...
 Failure (CH F)
 Infection
 Booze

CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE
ISCHEMIA- PA-CATHS

 Low output
 Ischemia
 Sub acute bac...
→ Here is a mnemonic for the differential diagnosis of pericarditis:

IT-CAUSED-PERICARDITIS
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Cardiology mnemonics

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Cardiology mnemonics

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Cardiology mnemonics

  1. 1. Cardiology Mnemonics Dpt. Aamir Memon 11/28/2013
  2. 2. Cardiology Mnemonics SYNCOPE ACLS     Anxiety Cardiovascular causes Los s of volume/orthostasis Seizure/neurologic causes →A more comprehensive and mechanistic approach to the problem of syncope is summarized by the following mnemonic: VASOVAGALS           Volume loss Anxiety attack Seizure/CVA Obstruction of venous return (micturition , Valsalva , cough , myxoma) Vasodepressor/Vasoconstrictor defect Arrhythmia Glucose drop Aortic dissection Low cardiac output Shy-Drager/Sympathetic dysfunction → A comprehensive list of the individual entities causing syncope is summarized by the mnemonic: THIS-MADE-ME-DAMN-VAGAL                    Tamponade Hypertensive crisis Intra cranial hemorrhage/CVA Seizure Myocardial infarction Aortic dissection Drugs Emotion/anxiety attack Micturition/tussive Embolus (P E) Dysrhythmia Addison's Migraine (basilar) Neurocardiogenic Volume loss Aortic stenosis/obstruction Glucose drop Autonomic dysfunction Low cardiac output (CH F) ARRHYTHMIA ACID-ME       Adrenergic stimuli Conduction system disease Ischemia Drugs Mechanical stimuli (e. g. stretch, PA catheter) Electrolytes ATRIAL FIBRILLATION I-H AVE-A-FIB       Ischemia Hyperthyroidism Acute pericarditis Valvular heart disease (especially mitral stenosis) Embolus (PE) Atrial septal defect
  3. 3.  Failure (CH F)  Infection  Booze CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE ISCHEMIA- PA-CATHS  Low output  Ischemia  Sub acute bacterial endocarditis  Cardiomyopathy  Hypertension  Effusion/tamponade  Mitral valve disease  Infectious myocarditis  Aortic valve disease  High output  Paget/myeloma  A -V fistula  Cardiac shunt  Anemia  Thiamine deficiency (beri-beri)  Hyperthyroidism  Sepsis → The following mnemonic summarizes the important considerations in decompensated CHF. All of these entities should be considered when determining the cause of CHF exacerbation. EDEMA-TOES          Embolus Dysrhythmia Eclampsia/pregnancy Myocardial infarction Anemia Thyroid disease Over exertion/excessive fluid or salt Elevated blood pressure Sepsis/infection HYPOTENSION BP-DECLINED           Blood loss Poor O2 intake Diarrhea/D ehydration E ndocrine (e.g. Ad dison's) Cardiac disease Liver failure Infection/sepsis Neuropathy (autonomic) Em bolus (pulmonary) Drugs PERICARDITIS PR-DIP-ST-UP          Post -pericardiotomy Rheumatic fever Drugs Infection (TB, viral , pyogenic) Pulmonary embolus SLE Thyroid disease Uremia Post-M I (acute, Dressler)
  4. 4. → Here is a mnemonic for the differential diagnosis of pericarditis: IT-CAUSED-PERICARDITIS                     Infection (viral, bacterial, mycobacterial, fungal, parasitic) Tumor (primary, metastatic) Collagen-vascular diseases (e.g. SLE, RA, scleroderma) Acute M I Uremia Sarcoidosis Embolus Dressler's Post-pericardiotomy External trauma Rheumatic fever Inherited (familial, FMF) Cholesterol/Chylopericardium Atrial-septal defect Ruptured aortic aneurysm Drugs (procainamide, hydralazine, and others) Idiopathic Thyroid disease (myxedema) Irradiation Severe, chronic anemia RESTRICTIVE CARDIAC DISEASE A-STIFFER-CHF            Amyloid Sarcoidosis Tumor infiltration Idiopathic Fibrosis (endomyocardial ) Fabry's Eosi nophilic Radiation Constrictive pericarditis Hypertension/H ypertrophy Fe overload (hemochromotosis)

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