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Presentation on National Workshop on DRR Innovation and Excellence in Nepal, 6/29/2010

Presentation on National Workshop on DRR Innovation and Excellence in Nepal, 6/29/2010

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  • 1. Promoting Early Warning: Reducing Risk to Disasters Gehendra B. Gurung Practical Action National Workshop on DRR: Innovation and Excellence in Nepal 29 June 2010
  • 2. Presentation outline:
    • Why Community Based Flood Early Warning?
    • Early days – “Watch and Warn”
    • Linking downstream with the upstream
    • Scaling up and extension
    • Way forward
  • 3. Why - Community Based Flood Early Warning System
    • Flood Warning is a concern and interest of communities living along the flood prone zones
    • Locally Flood Warning starts from members of communities and dissemination takes place into the community
    • Flood Warning is required as it originates in one location and affects in another location
    • The existing traditional warning gives limited response time
  • 4. Early Days – Flood Warning
    • “ Watch and Warn”
    • Pilot initiative in Bhandara, Chitwan- 2002
    • - Visual observation at local level – “Watch and Warn”
    • Dissemination of the information through “Electric Siren”
    • Additional supports provided
    • Protection of river banks
    • Awareness and trainings
    • Management of the Warning Tower
  • 5. Limitations of Early Watch and Warn System
    • Electricity interruptions
    • Limited coverage of the siren
    • Limited coverage of the visual sight
    • Limited response time
    • Less community interest
  • 6. Additional needs realised
    • Increase in visual range
    • Rescues bridges and passages
    • Rescue equipment
    • Emergency shelters
    • Electricity back up
    • Back up to electric siren
  • 7. Improvement in “Watch and Warn” System
    • Chitwan and Nawalpasai- 2005
    • Genuinely based on intra-community warning system
    • Extensive awareness programmes
    • Provision of life saving equipment and other materials like boat, life jacket
    • Construction of small scale mitigation structures like bridges, bio-dykes, shelters etc
    • Pre-identification of evacuation route
  • 8. Improvements in “Watch and Warn”
    • Higher tower with additional facility
    Hand siren Rescue boat Emergency Shelter Rescue bridge
  • 9. Beyond “Watch and Warn”
    • Linking Downstream Communities to Upstream River Information
    Upstream river gauge Downstream communities
  • 10. “ Linking downstream with upstream"
      • With equal emphasis on all the four elements of EWS
  • 11. Upstream to Downstream Communication Communicating river information to downstream through radio Monitoring river level Communicating the information through hand mic Communicating the information through siren
  • 12. Early Warning Communication System
  • 13. Beyond “Watch and Warn”
    • Scaling up and Extension
    • Telephone +
    • Telemetry (internet)
  • 14. Telephone cum Telemetry EWS
  • 15. Scaling up and extension…
  • 16. Way forward
    • Make EWS a priority in National DRR
    • Develop National EWS Strategy (in progress)
  • 17. Way forward
    • Build capacity of the communities and stakeholders in EWS
    • Build necessary infrastructure for National EWS
  • 18. Thank You