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Practical action+ewsc
Practical action+ewsc
Practical action+ewsc
Practical action+ewsc
Practical action+ewsc
Practical action+ewsc
Practical action+ewsc
Practical action+ewsc
Practical action+ewsc
Practical action+ewsc
Practical action+ewsc
Practical action+ewsc
Practical action+ewsc
Practical action+ewsc
Practical action+ewsc
Practical action+ewsc
Practical action+ewsc
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Practical action+ewsc

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Presentation on National Workshop on DRR Innovation and Excellence in Nepal, 6/29/2010

Presentation on National Workshop on DRR Innovation and Excellence in Nepal, 6/29/2010

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Transcript

  • 1. Promoting Early Warning: Reducing Risk to Disasters Gehendra B. Gurung Practical Action National Workshop on DRR: Innovation and Excellence in Nepal 29 June 2010
  • 2. Presentation outline: <ul><li>Why Community Based Flood Early Warning? </li></ul><ul><li>Early days – “Watch and Warn” </li></ul><ul><li>Linking downstream with the upstream </li></ul><ul><li>Scaling up and extension </li></ul><ul><li>Way forward </li></ul>
  • 3. Why - Community Based Flood Early Warning System <ul><li>Flood Warning is a concern and interest of communities living along the flood prone zones </li></ul><ul><li>Locally Flood Warning starts from members of communities and dissemination takes place into the community </li></ul><ul><li>Flood Warning is required as it originates in one location and affects in another location </li></ul><ul><li>The existing traditional warning gives limited response time </li></ul>
  • 4. Early Days – Flood Warning <ul><li>“ Watch and Warn” </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot initiative in Bhandara, Chitwan- 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>- Visual observation at local level – “Watch and Warn” </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination of the information through “Electric Siren” </li></ul><ul><li>Additional supports provided </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of river banks </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness and trainings </li></ul><ul><li>Management of the Warning Tower </li></ul>
  • 5. Limitations of Early Watch and Warn System <ul><li>Electricity interruptions </li></ul><ul><li>Limited coverage of the siren </li></ul><ul><li>Limited coverage of the visual sight </li></ul><ul><li>Limited response time </li></ul><ul><li>Less community interest </li></ul>
  • 6. Additional needs realised <ul><li>Increase in visual range </li></ul><ul><li>Rescues bridges and passages </li></ul><ul><li>Rescue equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency shelters </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity back up </li></ul><ul><li>Back up to electric siren </li></ul>
  • 7. Improvement in “Watch and Warn” System <ul><li>Chitwan and Nawalpasai- 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Genuinely based on intra-community warning system </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive awareness programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of life saving equipment and other materials like boat, life jacket </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of small scale mitigation structures like bridges, bio-dykes, shelters etc </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-identification of evacuation route </li></ul>
  • 8. Improvements in “Watch and Warn” <ul><li>Higher tower with additional facility </li></ul>Hand siren Rescue boat Emergency Shelter Rescue bridge
  • 9. Beyond “Watch and Warn” <ul><li>Linking Downstream Communities to Upstream River Information </li></ul>Upstream river gauge Downstream communities
  • 10. “ Linking downstream with upstream&quot; <ul><ul><li>With equal emphasis on all the four elements of EWS </li></ul></ul>
  • 11. Upstream to Downstream Communication Communicating river information to downstream through radio Monitoring river level Communicating the information through hand mic Communicating the information through siren
  • 12. Early Warning Communication System
  • 13. Beyond “Watch and Warn” <ul><li>Scaling up and Extension </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone + </li></ul><ul><li>Telemetry (internet) </li></ul>
  • 14. Telephone cum Telemetry EWS
  • 15. Scaling up and extension…
  • 16. Way forward <ul><li>Make EWS a priority in National DRR </li></ul><ul><li>Develop National EWS Strategy (in progress) </li></ul>
  • 17. Way forward <ul><li>Build capacity of the communities and stakeholders in EWS </li></ul><ul><li>Build necessary infrastructure for National EWS </li></ul>
  • 18. Thank You

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