Drr planning at natinal & district level.(mo ld)
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Drr planning at natinal & district level.(mo ld)



Presentation during National Workshop on DRR Innovation and Excellence in Nepal, 6/29/2010

Presentation during National Workshop on DRR Innovation and Excellence in Nepal, 6/29/2010



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Drr planning at natinal & district level.(mo ld) Drr planning at natinal & district level.(mo ld) Presentation Transcript

  • Binod Prakash Singh Under-Secretary Ministry of Local Development
    • Central institutions involved in DRR/DP
    • National Strategy for DRM - 2009
    • MoLD initiatives on DRR/DP
    • Assigned Functions of Local Bodies
    • Local Planning Process
    • Achievements
    • Issues and Challenges
    • Way forward
  • 1. Central Institutions Involved in DRR/DP
    • Office of the Prime Minister and Ministers Council
    • National Planning Commission
    • Water and Energy Commission
    • Central Disaster Relief Committee
    • Ministries ( Local Development, Home, Irrigation, Forest & Soil Conservation, Environment, Health & Population, Physical Planning & Works, Education, Agriculture & Cooperatives, Energy)
    • Different Departments, I/NGOs
    • 2. National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management 2066 BS
    • Based on Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-15
    • National Framework
    • Focused on Mitigation, Preparedness and Response
    • Mainstreaming DRR in Development Plan with clear vision, objective and working policy
    • Proposed new organizational structure
  • 3. MoLD initiatives on DRR
    • Training and Capacity Development
    • Coordination meeting
    • Formulation of Action Plan and Guidelines for local bodies
    • Community mobilization Action Plan Guideline
    • Coordinate between Central Line Agencies, I/NGOs and Local Bodies.
    • Formulation of budget for Rehabilitation and Reconstruction
  • 4. Assigned Functions of Local Bodies
    • VDCs:
      • 11 types of functions
      • Physical Infrastructures: Drinking water supply, solid waste management, sewage and drainage, rural roads, soil erosion and river training, irrigation, dams, canals, generation and distribution of electricity
      • Land Utilization Plans
      • Control of natural calamities
  • Contd……
    • Municipalities
      • 10 types of Compulsory functions and 13 types of Voluntary functions
      • Compulsory functions:
        • Physical Development;
        • land-use map;
        • housing plan;
        • approval of houses/ building;
  • Contd…….
        • drinking water;
        • sanitation;
        • solid waste management and drainage; and
        • Control and prevention of river-cuttings, floods and soil erosion
      • Works (Urban roads, bridges and culverts, bus park)
  • Contd…….
      • Prevention of epidemics and infectious diseases
      • Controlling of natural calamities
      • Demolition of houses, walls, etc. that create hazardous results
      • Operation and management of fire brigades
  • Contd…….
      • Voluntary functions of Municipalities
      • Control of unplanned settlement,
      • guided land development,
      • ambulance service,
      • carrying out preventive and relief works to lessen the loss of life and property caused from natural calamities
  • Contd…….
    • DDCs
      • 16 types of functions
      • Functions:
        • rural drinking water;
        • habitation development;
        • mini and micro hydro-power projects;
        • district – level roads, suspension bridges,
        • irrigation, soil erosion and river training
        • Control of natural calamities
  • 5. Local Planning : Bottom up Planning Process
      • Settlement level
      • Ward level
      • VDC Board
      • Village Council
      • Ilaka
      • Sectoral/Subject -wise Planning Committees
      • Integrated Planning Committee
      • DDC Board
      • District Council
  • Contd ……..
    • Participatory Planning: Involvement of Stakeholders- GOs, NGOs, Private sectors, donors and gender consideration
    • District Periodic Plans are formulated following District Periodic Planning Guidelines
    • Linkage of Annual Plans with Periodic Plans and Sectoral Master Plans
  • Contd……..
    • District Periodic Plan Guidelines: classifies and analyzes environmentally Sensitive Zones (Severely, Moderately and Slightly Sensitive Zones):
      • Flooding affected Zones
      • Landslide prone Zones
      • Other natural calamities prone Zones (such as Glacier explosion)
      • Earthquake prone Zones
      • River training
      • Security (fire brigades, ambulances)
      • Management of epidemics
  • 6. Achievements
    • District Periodic Plans in 52 districts:
      • District Profile (Part I) analyzes the disaster-related situation
      • District Profile (Part II) includes the plans, policies, strategies and programs to disaster risk reduction
      • District Disaster Contingency Plan in 66 Districts
      • District Disaster Management Action Plan Prepared in 7 districts ( Sindhuli, Mahottari, Chitwan, Bardiya, Syanja. Kailali, and Udayapur)
    • National Building Code enforced at Municipalities
  • Contd…….
    • Government – Civil Society co-operation
      • Co-operation with expert, NGOs/INGOs (UNDP, DPNet, Oxfam, NRCS, NSET, Action Aid etc.)
      • Awareness raising,
      • Training, and
      • Technical backstopping
    • Establishment of DRR Focal Desk in Municipalities/DDCs
  • Contd………
    • Allocation of budget for DRR (including relief and rescue)
    • Preparing Disaster Risk Management Plan in 30 Communities of 9 District
    • District Environment Management Committee
      • Established under the chairpersonship of DDC President
      • Facilitates the district level disaster management activities, and
      • Co-ordinates the programs of GOs, NGOs and the Donors
  • 7. Issues and Challenges
    • Effective implementation of DRR/DP plans
    • Integration of DRR as an integral part of infrastructure and physical development programs in Local Bodies
    • Central level backstopping for Institutional as well as human resource capacity building of Local Bodies
    • Management and upgrading of fire-brigade facilities
    • Hazard mapping, Risk Analysis and Land use planning
  • Contd…….
    • Effective Co-ordination between Line agencies and I/NGOs
    • Earthquake risk reduction: in densely populated cities/towns
    • Need to formulate Disaster Management Action Plans in other remaining districts
    • Review of District and Municipal Periodic Planning Guidelines for further incorporation of disaster risk reduction measures
  • Contd……
    • Promotion of settlement development and resettlement at local level
    • Enforcement and Implementation of National Building Code
    • Replication of best practices
    • Donor harmonization
  • 8.Way forward
    • Decentralization and people's participation
    • Environment and sustainable development
    • Poverty reduction
    • Tie-up Government funding/grants with DRR indicators
    • Mainstreaming DRM in local planning process.
    • Thank You!