4 iasc contingency planning march 2010

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4 iasc contingency planning march 2010

  1. 1. Contingency Planning Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN-OCHA)
  2. 2. Contingency Planning - From a Culture of Reaction to One of Prevention…
  3. 3. What is Inter-Agency Contingency Planning? <ul><li>A management tool that ensures that adequate measures of preparedness are being taken when a crisis is anticipated. </li></ul><ul><li>On the basis of crisis scenarios, defines situations that appear exceptional but whose occurrence would exceed the response capacity of humanitarian actors. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why Plan Together? <ul><li>Conduct a common analysis of potential emergencies and their humanitarian impact </li></ul><ul><li>Develop strategies and common approaches for responding to potential emergencies </li></ul><ul><li>Increase effectiveness of response to the crisis and available resources </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid both duplication of efforts and gaps in humanitarian response </li></ul>
  5. 5. Modalities of Planning <ul><li>Planning must be adapted to the country-specific context and take into account: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The capacity of government, local actors and international agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The vulnerability of the population and its capacity to adapt/respond to a crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Donor support </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Steps in the Planning Process <ul><li>Analyse context of the crisis, identify scenarios and hypotheses on planning </li></ul><ul><li>Define a strategy and sectoral objectives (evaluate urgent needs and plan immediate response) </li></ul><ul><li>Set up coordination mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>Develop inter-agency services </li></ul><ul><li>Establish links with development objectives and exit strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Establish response plan </li></ul>
  7. 7. Context Analysis <ul><li>Establish scenarios </li></ul><ul><li>Main actors </li></ul><ul><li>Early warning indicators and monitoring arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>Humanitarian consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Gaps and constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Main planning assumptions </li></ul>
  8. 8. Coordination Mechanisms <ul><li>Government coordination mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>Identify existing management / planning mechanisms (e.g. clusters) </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic and sectoral coordination </li></ul><ul><li>International response mechanisms (e.g. UNDAC) </li></ul><ul><li>Interagency services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource mobilisation (e.g. Flash Appeals, CERF) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logistics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media, advocacy, public information strategy </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Operational Response Plan <ul><li>Immediate response: trigger factors </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate urgent needs and set up arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>Define sectoral plans according to the evaluation of needs </li></ul><ul><li>Resources and regional stocks </li></ul><ul><li>Work plan and calendar of intervention </li></ul>
  10. 10. Where Are We Now? <ul><li>2009 – all clusters revised their CPs </li></ul><ul><li>2010 – IASC CP “Chapeau” being revised </li></ul><ul><li>Next Steps – develop stronger linkages with GoN in CP and shared process for CP </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure CP becomes more response orientated </li></ul>
  11. 11. Thank you

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