3 relief mgt new


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3 relief mgt new

  1. 1. Policies Related to Disaster Management in Nepal Presented by: Shankar Prasad Koirala Joint Secretary Planning and Special Service Division Ministry of Home Affairs WWW.DRRGON.GOV.NP
  2. 2. Major Policy Related To Disaster Management <ul><li>Natural Calamity Rescue Act, 1982 </li></ul><ul><li>Centre Natural Disaster Rescue Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister Natural Calamity Rescue Fund </li></ul><ul><li>Three Year Interim Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sectoral Policies: Environment Policy, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>National Strategy for DRM 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Draft of New Disaster Management Act </li></ul>
  3. 3. National Calamity Act, 1982 <ul><li>Preamble of the National Calamity Act, 1982 </li></ul><ul><li>Where as it is expedient to make arrangement for the operation of relief work and the maintenance of people’s convenience with a view to protect the life and property of the people. </li></ul><ul><li>The Act was enacted on the advice and with the consent of the then parliament in 2039 BS (1982 AD). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Natural Disaster Relief work means: <ul><li>Any relief work to be carried out in the area affected or </li></ul><ul><li>Likely to be affected </li></ul><ul><li>In order to remove the grief and inconvenience caused to the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation of the disaster victims. </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of the life and property of the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention measures and advance preparation. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Government Institution, Partners, Procedures <ul><li>The Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) is designated as the lead agency responsible for implementation of the Natural Calamity (Relief) Act, 1982. </li></ul><ul><li>Currently, Various agencies of Government of Nepal are assigned with different aspects of Disaster Risk Management. </li></ul><ul><li>Central Natural Disaster Rescue Committee is chaired by the Home Minister. This committee is accountable for preparing National Policies and ensuring its implementation. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Government Institution, Partners (Contd.) <ul><li>MoHA is also responsible for Rescue and Relief Works, Data Collection and Dissemination of Funds and resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing involvement of the Academicians, researchers, UN agencies, INGOs, Local Bodies and civil societies in the Disaster Response. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Govt. Institutional Arrangement Cabinet (Policy, Budget, Emergency Declaration) Central Natural Disaster Rescue Committee (Home Minister-Chairperson including members of all key Ministries, Departments, NRCS, etc.) (Coordination, Response, Rescue, Relief) Regional Natural Disaster Rescue Committee (Regional Resource Mobilization, direction) District Disaster Rescue Committee (Policy/program Execution, Rescue & Relief, Data)
  8. 8. <ul><li>Close down of the governmental or non governmental offices, educational institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibition of the activities in disaster area that may cause adverse effect on relief work. </li></ul><ul><li>Deputation of the employees of governmental or non governmental offices or of institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuation or cause to be evacuated the people from the affected area to the areas of safety. </li></ul>In order to carry out relief works the govt. may give orders to any one concerned to undertake any or all the following works:
  9. 9. <ul><li>Requisition of the movable and unmovable property of any individual or institution on temporary basis for a prescribed period, if such property is required to be used for the purpose of relief works. </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuation or cause to be evacuated the goods and commodities from the affected area to the areas of safety. </li></ul><ul><li>Requisition and use of the means of transportation owned by non governmental offices, association and individuals of the concerned District for fixed period of time. </li></ul>In order to carry out relief works (Contd.)
  10. 10. <ul><li>Requisition of the food grains, clothes, medicine, construction materials and other items belonging to non governmental offices, institutions and individuals of the concerned district and distribute it to the victims. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to save the real estates, factories, temples, shrines, and religious places including other significant objects and places. </li></ul><ul><li>Constitute and operate the aid groups. </li></ul>In order to carry out relief works (Contd.)
  11. 11. <ul><li>Take other necessary security measures for the safe guard of the life and property of the common people. </li></ul><ul><li>Other essential tasks specified. </li></ul><ul><li>Control over foreigner entry. </li></ul>In order to carry out relief works (Contd.)
  12. 12. b}jL k|sf]k p4f/ P]gsf] s]Gb|ljGb'M k|ltsfo{ Focus of the Act: Response
  13. 13. Three Year Interim Plan (Major Policy) <ul><li>3-Year Interim Plan (2007-2010) recognizes disasters as one of the major impediments of national development process , and tries to address DRM tasks by devoting one separate chapter on DRM (Chapter 26) </li></ul><ul><li>The Plan recognizes for DRM the need to foster collaboration and coordination among key players and institutions active in different sector of national economy </li></ul>
  14. 14. Sectoral Policies Related To Disaster Management <ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Water Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Forest </li></ul><ul><li>Environment Policy, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Established a DRM Focal Points in Different Ministries including PM Office and NPC </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>National Strategy for DRM 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Vision: Disaster Resilience Nepal </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of Disaster Risk Reduction into sustainable development policies and planning </li></ul><ul><li>Development and strengthening of institutional mechanism and capacities to build resilient communities </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic incorporation of different approaches into emergency preparedness , response and recovery programming </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Objectives : </li></ul><ul><li>Development and strengthening of institutional mechanism </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency preparedness, response and recovery programming </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralizing disaster management at the local level </li></ul>Proposed New Disaster Management Act
  17. 17. <ul><li>Thank You Very Much for Your Kind Attention </li></ul>
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