1 disaster in nepal a concern june2k10
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This describes DRR in Nepal

This describes DRR in Nepal

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1 disaster in nepal a concern june2k10 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. ljkb hf]lvdsf] cj:yf tyf Go"gLs/0f Pj+ k'j{tof/L sf] cfjZostf
  • 2. 5nkmnsf a¬“bfx?
    • ljutdf ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/ Pj+ Iflt
    • g]kfndf ljkb hf]lvdsf] cj:yf
  • 3. g]kfnsf] ljkb–hf]lvd cj:yf
    • g]kfndf x/]s jif{ ljkbdf k/L Ps xhf/eGbf a9L dflg;sf] d[To' x'g] u/]sf] 5 .
    • ljut #% jif{sf] tYofªscg';f/ ljkbsf 36gfaf6 jflif{s Ps nfv #% xhf/ dflg; k|efljt x'g] u/]sf 5g .
    • k|fKt tYofªscg';f/ x/]s jif{ !^ xhf/ kl/jf/ ljkbsf sf/0f cfˆgf 3/jf; u'dfP/ lj:yflkt x'g] u/sf 5g .
    • g]kfn ljZjsf !(* dn's dWo] e"sDkLo hfl]vdsf] lx;fan] !! cf }+}, kfgLhGo k|sf]k af6 x'g] Ifltsf lx;fan] #) cf}+ / hnjfo" kl/jt{g k|efjsf lx;fan] 5}7f}+ :yfgdf /x]sf] 5 eg] ljsf;sf] ;'rsf+sdf clGtd !$$ cf}+ :yfgdf /x]sf] 5 .
    • ljkbsf sf/0f jflif{s cf};t ! ca{ @) s/f]8 *) nfv ?k}o+f a/fa/sf] cfly{s Iflt eO/x]sf] 5 .
  • 4. ljut #& jif{df ljleGg ljkbx?n] g]kfndf u/]sf] c;/ -;g !(&! b]lv @))& ;Dd_ ljkb tYof+s ;+Vof d[To' a]kQf 3fOt] k|efljt b'3{6gf 97 112 3 - 5 lxpF klx/f] 90 217 33 - 1,012 h}ljs b'3{6gf 12 - - - - 8'+uf kN6fO 103 240 421 - 354 zLt nx/ 192 298 - - 1,453 v8]/L 152 - - - 1,512 e'O{+rfnf] 94 873 - - 4,539 dxfdf/L 2,791 15,730 - 4,582 460,902 ljikmf]6 40 32 - - 19 clgsfn 20 2 - - 83,902 cfunfuL 3,880 1,101 186 - 218,278 af9L 2,720 2,936 578 - 3,367,974 jg 89]nf] 98 24 403 - 10,178
  • 5. ljut #& jif{df ljleGg ljkbx?n] g]kfndf u/]sf] c;/ -;g !(&! b]lv @))& ;Dd_ ljkb tYof+s ;+Vof d[To' a]kQf 3fOt] k|efljt cl;gf 597 57 2 - 197,843 n' 31 25 - 210 261 klx/f] 2,184 3,987 517 - 479,972 8/ qf; Pj+ lg:;fl;P/ 2 85 - - - Kn]u 326 11 - - 50 k|b'if0f 12 - - - 1,000 clws jiff{ 187 82 3 - 62,431 lxpF cfFwL 174 69 828 - 7,600 cfFwL 109 50 2 - 1,817 x'/L atf; 292 140 - - 6,161 ejg–;+/rgf eTs]/ 324 340 7 - 1,508 r6of+u 764 768 1 - 5,809 cGo 97 77 11 - 11,982 hDdf 15,388 27,256 2,995 4,792 4,926,562
  • 6. ljkbaf6 ePsf] Ifltsf] km}nfj6
    • ljleGg lhNnfx?df d[To'sf] ;+Vof
  • 7. ljut #& jif{df ljleGg ljkbx?n] g]kfndf u/]sf] c;/ -;g !(&! b]lv @))& ;Dd_ >f]tM Pg;]6 cfly{s Iflt clxn]sf] efpdf -?k}+ofdf_ jif{ ejg Wj:t ejg Ifltu|:t ;8s v]ltof]Uo hdLg kz'k+IfL s"n cfly{s Iflt !(&!–!(&% !,%$,&),(&,%)) #,$$,#$,#%) ^$,$%,))) !,$(,!@,)),@$,))) @,#@,%%,))) !,%!,)&,&#,*@,%$& !(&^–!(*) %,&%,^&,^$,%)) #*,#),^(,*%) &!,^$,!^,))) @,^@,)*,&),%!,))) &,^),@),))) @,&@,!*,$%,!),@%% !(*!–!(*% !,@*,!%,)%,%)) ^,$#,&*,^%) !),#@,&),*)) &!,#$,^(,@%,!)) %,(^,(%,))) &#,&(,)@,*),!($ !(*^–!(() ^,$),!&,&$,))) !,)&,&$,@$,()) $,!@,%),))) %!,%$,&@,^&,^)) #,&),(%,))) ^),*$,@(,)@,!!) !((!–!((% ^,!),@*,!%,))) &),%^,*&,))) *%,!$,$),))) !!,&$,(),&@,&*,$$) !$,$$,#),))) !!,*(,**,@(,&%,%(# !((^–@))) !),(%,!(,$(,))) $$,!@,$^,$)) *&,#&,))) %,!^,)$,!!,%!,@%) !^,$),!%,))) %,#),(#,&%,(&,$)% @))!–@))# @,&#,$!,^#,))) !#,^#,)$,%)) !,)$,@$,(*,@)) $,#%,(&,((,^),^!) !&,*#,#),))) $,$%,##,(#,(#,*@! hDdf #,$&,&^,)^,*%,))) @,*$,@(,)%,^%) @,&&,)),%&,))) @^,^!,)@,(^,%*,))) ^*,@*,$),))) @&,@$,)%,%),$!,(@%
  • 8. ljutdf ljleGg ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/
    • ljleGg k|sf]kx?af6 ;g !()) b]lv @))* ;Dd dfgj d[To'sf] cj:yf
    • -s"n @!,*@* d[To'_
  • 9. ljutdf ljleGg ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/
    • ;g !()) b]lv @))* ;Dd ljleGg k|sf]kx?af6 k|efljt dfgj ;+Vof
    • -s"n **,##,@^$ k|efljt_
  • 10. ljutdf ljleGg ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/
    • cfly{s Iflt !,#)#,)!#,))) xhf/ -8n/_
  • 11. ljsf; vr{, ufx:y{ pTkfbg / ljkb Ifltsf] t'ngf
  • 12. t'ngfTds cj:yf Total Amount of Disaster Damage (1991-2000) in million US$ (Source: Global Disaster Report – UNDP, 2004)
  • 13. t'ngfTds cj:yf Total number of people Killed in Asian and SAARC Countries by Disaster (1992-2001) Asian Countries Other than SAARC, 227,619; 49% India 16% SAARC Contries, 236,062; 51% Maldives 0% Nepal 1% Pakistan 2% Sri Lanka 0% Bangladesh 32% Bhutan 0% (Source: Global Disaster Report – UNDP, 2004)
  • 14. t'ngfTds hf]lvd
    • ljZjsf cGo d'n'sx?sf] bf+hf]df g]kfnsf] t'ngfTds hf]lvd
      • af9L – #! cf}+ :yfgdf
      • e"sDk – !! cf}+ :yfgdf
      • sf7df08f}+ zx/ e"sDksf] nflu ;a}eGbf hf]lvdk"0f{ zx/
  • 15. sf7df08f}+ pkTosfsf] e"sDkLo hf]lvd
  • 16.
    • c;/ kl/df0f
    • d[To' > $),)))
    • 3fOt] > (%,)))
    • ejgsf] Iflt > ^) %
    • 3/af/ laxLg > &)),)))
    • k'nsf] Iflt > %) %
    • af6f]sf] Iflt > !) %
    • vfg]kfgL kfOksf] Iflt > (% %
    • 6]lnkmf]g nfOgsf] Iflt > ^) %
    • ljB't nfOgsf] Iflt > $) %
    sf7df08f}+ pkTosfsf] e"sDkLo kl/b[Zo -gAa] ;fnsf] hqf] e"sDk uPdf_
  • 17. e"O{+rfnf] uO/xg] If]qx?
  • 18. e"O{+rfnf] uO/xg] If]qx?
  • 19. g]kfnsf] e"sDkLo hf]lvd gSzf ;f}hGo M vfgL tyf e "ue{ ljefu, n}grf}/, sf7df08f}+   ljutdf g]kfndf uPsf e"sDkx?
  • 20. s]xL cfwf/e"t zAbx?
    • k|sf]k (Hazard)
    • ljkb (Disaster)
    • hf]lvd (Risk)
    • ;+s6f;Ggtf (Vulnerability)
    • Go"gLs/0f (Reduction)
  • 21. Go"gLs/0f (Reduction)
    • cNkLs/0f (Mitigation)
      • cGtlg{lxt sdhf]/L 36fpg] sfd
      • ;+/rgfx?sf] ;'b[9Ls/0f, alnof] lgdf{0f OToflb
    • k"j{tof/L -;Ifdtf_
      • k|sf]ksf] ;fdgf ug{ tof/L cj:yfdf /xg]
      • ;'/lIft /xg] pkfox?sf] af/]df hfGg], l;Sg], cfktsflng cj:yfsf] nflu ;fdfgx?sf] hf]xf] ul//fVg], p¢f/ tyf /fxt Ifdtf j[l¢ OToflb
  • 22. cGt;{DaGw ljkb hf]lvd—;+s6f;Ggtf—;Ifdtf
    • ljkb hf]lvd ≈
    k|sf]ksf] ;+efjgf x ;+s6f;Ggtf k"j{tof/L -;Ifdtf_
  • 23. ljkb Joj:yfkg rqm (Disaster Management Cycle) DPP DRR ljkb Disaster k"j{ ;"rgf Early Warning p2f/ tyf /fxt Rescue & Relief /f]syfd Prevention Go"lgs/0f Mitigation k"j{ tof/L Preparedness ljkb k"j{ Pre Disaster ljkb kZrft Post Disaster k'g:yf{kg / k'glg{df{0f Reconstruction & Rehabilitation
  • 24. ljut b''O{ bzsdf ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf] cjwf/0ffdf u'0ffTds kl/jt{g ePsf] 5 . cjwf/0ffn] k/Dk/fut “p4f/ /fxt” af6 “ljkb /lxt ljsf;” df km8sf ] dfl/;s]sf] 5 . p¢f/ /fxt ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgdf cjwf/0ffut ljsf; @)!) rLnL e}+rfnf] @))( xfO{6L e}+rfnf] @))* rfOgf e}+rfnf] @))% kfls:tfg e}+rfnf] @))$ PzLofnL ;'gfdL @))@ O/fg jfd e}+rfnf] ljkb /lxt ljsf; Go"gLs/0f / k"j{tof/L p¢f/ /fxtsf] k"j{tof/L !(&! ;fg kmgf{08f] e}+rfnf] !(*% d]lS;sf] e}+rfnf] !((( 6sL{ Pj+ @))! u'h/ft e}+rfnf]
  • 25.
    • gofF gLlt lgodsf d:of}bfx? tof/ eO;s]sf]
    • ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg /fli6«o /0fgLlt (National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management) klg tof/ eO l:js[t eO;s]sf]
  • 26. ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf] nflu ljBdfg sfg"gL Pj+ ;+:yfut Joj:yf
    • b}jL k|sf]k p¢f/ tyf /fxt P]g @)#(
      • d"ntM p¢f/ / /fxt ljt/0fdf s]lGb|t
      • tTsfnLg ;dodf cToGt cu|ufdL Pj+ ;fs{ If]qd} klxnf] k|oTg
      • t/ hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f, k"j{tof/L Pj+ jt{dfgdf ;j{ :jLs[t dfGotfsf] ?kdf km}nFbf] “ljkb /lxt ljsf;” (Disaster Free Development) jf
      • “ ljkb yfDg ;Sg] ljsf;” (Disaster Resilient Development) sf] cjwf/0ff g;d]l6Psf]
  • 27. ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf] ljBdfg Joj:yfdf kl/jt{gsf nflu eO/x]sf k|oTgx?
    • ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg ;DaGwL ljZj ;Dd]ngx?df g]kfnsf] pkl:ylt -;/sf/L, u}/ ;/sf/L_ Pj+ k|lta4tf
      • ;g !(($ of]sf]xfdf / ;g @))% sf]a]
      • sf]a] ;Dd]ngaf6 “xof]uf] sfo{of]hgf M@))%–@)!%” sf] th'{df
      • xof]uf] sfo{of]hgf clxn]sf] ljZjJofkL d"ndGq
    • u[x dGqfnoaf6 ;'wf/sf s]xL k|oTgx? ePsf
      • sfo{/t ljleGg ;+3 ;+:yfx?;Fu lg/Gt/ ;dGjo q}dfl;s j]7s
      • ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg /fli6«o d~r (National Platform on DRR) sf] kxnsbdL
      • Focal desk sf] Joj:yf
  • 28. d:of}bf /fli6«o /0fgLltsf s]xL k|d¬v a¬“bfx?
    • ljBdfg sdL sdhf]/Lx?sf] klxrfg
    • @( j6f /0fgLlts ultljlw (Strategic Activity) x?sf] k|:tfj
    • If]qut (Sectoral) sdL–sdhf]/Lx¿sf] klxrfg Pj+ k|fyldstfk|fKt lqmofsnfkx?sf] k|:tfj
    • ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgnfO{ /fHosf] k|d'v bfloTjsf] ?kdf /fVg] u/L gofF ;+:yfut ;+/rgfsf] k|:tfj
  • 29. !?!
  • 30. k|:tfljt /0fgLlts ultljlwx?
    • k|fyldstfk|fKt lqmofsnfk !M ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf] sfof{Gjogsf nflu ;zQm ;+:yfut cfwf/;lxt /fli6«o tyf :yfgLo k|fyldstf x'g]5 eGg] s'/f ;'lglZrt ug]{ .
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw ! M ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf nflu ;+:yfut k|0ffnLsf] :yfkgf
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw @ M lj:t[t ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg;DaGwL cjwf/0ff ;dfj]z ug{sf nflu gLlt, lgod, lgodfjnLx¿sf] th'{df÷ltgdf ;+zf]wg
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw # M /fli6«o ljsf;df ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg Go"gLs/0fnfO{ d"nk|jfxdf Nofpg] sfo{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw $ M pTs[i6 ;xof]usf nflu ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f tyf k"j{–tof/L sfo{qmdnfO{ ljsf; of]hgf, sfo{qmd tyf :yfgLo ljsf;sf lgsfox¿ -lhlj;, uflj;, gu/kflnsf cflb_ sf lgoldt ultljlwx¿df PsLs/0f
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw % M ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf nflu ljleGg gLlt tyf lgodfjnL, dfkb08, lgb]{lzsf, vf; k|sf]k;Fu ;DalGwt :t/Lo sfo{;~rfng sfo{ljlw, vf; k|sf]k;Fu ;DalGwt ljz]if /fli6«o sfo{qmdx¿ tof/ kfg]{ tyf qmdzM ltgsf] sfof{Gjog
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw ^ M cfkTsfnLg sfo{;~rfng s]Gb|x¿ (Emergency Operation Centres - EOCs) sf] ;~hfnsf] u7g, s]Gb|Lo txdf Pp6f / lhNnf tyf gu/kflnsf txdf c¿ s]Gb|x¿
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw & M ;|f]tx¿sf] ljlgof]hg ug]{ tyf lbuf] cfly{s ;|f]tsf nflu ;+oGqsf] ljsf; ug]{
  • 31.
    • k|fyldstfk|fKt lqmofsnfk @ M ljkbsf hf]lvdx¿sf] klxrfg, lgwf{/0f tyf cg'udg tyf k"j{–r]tfjgL lbg] Joj:yfsf] clej[l4
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw *M ljleGg tx tyf ljleGg :s]ndf ljleGg k|fs[lts k|sf]k tyf ;Í6f;Ggtfsf] lgwf{/0f ug]{, cfjlws ¿kdf ltgnfO{ cBfjlws ug]{ k|0ffnLsf] ljsf; ug]{ tyf o;nfO{ ;fj{hlgs ¿kdf pknAw u/fpg]
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw ( M ljkb;Fu ;DalGwt ;a} hfgsf/L ;dfj]z x'g] u/L s]Gb|, lhNnf tyf gu/kflnsf txdf cflwsfl/s, v'nf, ef}uf]lns ;"rgf k|0ffnLdf cfwfl/t ljkb ;"rgf Joj:yfkg k|0ffnLsf] :yfkgf tyf To;nfO{ ;+:yfut ug]{ sfo{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw !) M k|sf]k÷hf]lvdsf] cg'udg tyf ;fGble{s k|sf]kx¿sf nflu k"j{–r]tfjgL lbg] /fli6«o k|0ffnLsf] :yfkgf ug sfo{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw !! M zx/L tyf zx/–pGd'v If]qx¿df s]lGb|t eO{ e"–pkof]u gS;f tof/ kfg]{ tyf cfjlws ¿kdf o;nfO{ cBfjlws ug]{ / e"–pkof]usf] of]hgf th'{dfsf nflu o;sf] k|of]u ug]{ k|0ffnLsf] ljsf; ug]{ sfo{
  • 32.
    • k|fyldstfk|fKt lqmofsnfk #M ;'/Iffsf] ;+:sf/sf] ljsf; ug{sf nflu 1fgsf] pTs[i6 Joj:yfkg
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw !@ M /fli6«o z}lIfs gLltsf] ljsf;÷;+zf]wg ug]{ tyf To;sf] sfof{Gjog ug]{ h;n] ubf{ o; gLltdf ljkb;DaGwL r]tgf pTkGg ug{sf nflu ljBfnox¿ dxTjk"0f{ s]Gb| x'g ;s"g .
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw !# M ljkb;DaGwL lzIffsf] sfof{Gjog ug]{ sfo{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw !$ MljleGg nlIft ;d"xx¿sf nflu ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f;DaGwL kf7oqmdsf] ljsf; ug]{ tyf ;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿sf nflu k|lzIf0f sfo{qmdsf] sfof{Gjog ug]{ sfo{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw !% M ljkb;DaGwL r]tgf tyf k|lzIf0fsf nflu lj:t[t /fli6«o sfo{qmdsf] ljsf; tyf sfof{Gjog ug]{ sfo{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw !^ M ljkb hf]lvd tyf hf]lvdsf] Go"gLs/0fsf ;DaGwdf hfgsf/Lsf] k|rf/–k|;f/ ug{sf nflu cfd ;~rf/sf dfWodx¿sf] k|of]usf nflu of]hgf tyf sfo{qmdsf] ljsf; ug]{ tyf ltgsf] ;xhLs/0f ug]{ sfo{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw !& M:yfgLo txdf ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg;DaGwL ;r]tgf hufpg] sfo{qmdx¿sf] ljsf;÷;'b[9Ls/0f÷k|f]T;fxg ug]{ sfo{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw !* M ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f tyf k"j{–tof/Lsf ;DaGwdf ;r]tgf pTkGg ug]{ sfo{qmdx¿sf] ljsf; tyf sfof{Gjog ug{sf nflu ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t ;Ë7g, u}/–;/sf/L ;Ë7g tyf cGo ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿nfO{ k|f]T;fxg tyf ;xof]u pknAw u/fpg] sfo{
  • 33.
    • k|fyldstfk|fKt lqmofsnfk $ M hf]lvdsf cGtlg{lxt sf/s tTjx¿sf] Go"gLs/0f ug]{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw !( Mk"jf{wf/x¿sf] ljsf;;DaGwL of]hgf th'{df tyf sfof{Gjogdf ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f ;DaGwL wf/0ffnfO{ PsLs[t ug]{ sfo{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw @) M dxTjk"0f{ ;fj{hlgs ;'ljwf, hLjgsf nflu geO{ gx'g] ;fwg tyf ef}lts k"jf{wf/x¿sf] lgwf{/0f, ltgsf] ;+/If0f tyf ;'b[9Ls/0f ug]{ sfo{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw @! M ;LdfGtLs[t tyf blnt ;d"x, dlxnf ;d"x, ckfË tyf ;'ljwfaf6 jl~rt ;d"x, afn–aflnsf tyf j[4–j[4fx¿sf] ;d"xh:tf ;dfhsf clt;Í6f;Gg ;d"xx¿sf nflu k|fyldstfsf cfwf/df ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f;DaGwL ljz]if sfo{qmdx¿sf] ljsf; tyf sfof{Gjog ug]{ sfo{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw @@ M ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f;DaGwL sbdx¿nfO{ ljkbkl5sf] k'gnf{e (Recovery) tyf k'gM:yfkg sfo{qmdsf] k|lqmofdf ;dfj]z ug]{ sfo{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw @# M ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fnfO{ ;Daf]wg ug{sf nflu j}slNks tyf gofF–gofF cfly{s ;fwgx¿sf] ljsf; tyf k|jw{g ug]{ sfo{
  • 34.
    • k|fyldstfk|fKt lqmofsnfk %M k|efjsf/L ;xof]usf nflu k"j{–tof/Lsf] clej[l4 ug]{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw @$ M /fli6«o ¿kdf PsLs[t ljkb ;xof]u k|0ffnLsf] ljsf; ug]{ tyf To;nfO{ nfu" ug]{ sfo{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw @% Md'n'se/ cfkTsfnLg sfo{;~rfng s]Gb| (EOCs) sf] Joj:yfnufot cfkTsfnLg ;xof]u tyf k"j{–tof/Lsf] ljsf; tyf sfof{Gjog ug]{ sfo{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw @^ M vfBfGg, cf}iflw, cGo p4f/ ;fdu|L tyf p4f/sf cf}hf/ tyf pks/0fsf] e08f/0fsf nflu dxTjk"0f{ :yfgx¿ -s]Gb|Lo, lhNnf, gu/kflnsf tyf ufpF txdf_ uf]bfd3/ tyf klxn] g} ;fdfg e08f/0f ug]{ Ifdtfsf] :yfkgf cyjf ;[b[9Ls/0f ug]{ sfo{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw @& M cfkTsfnLg kl/l:yltsf ;fy} k"j{–tof/Lsf r/0fdf k|of]u ug{ ;lsg] ;'b[9 ;~rf/ k|0ffnLsf] :yfkgf ug]{ sfo{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw @* M bIf oftfoft tyf k|aGwut Joj:yfkg ;+oGqsf] :yfkgf ug]{ sfo{
    • /0fgLlts ultljlw @( M uflj; txsf ;d'bfox¿sf] cfkTsfnLg ;dodf ;xof]u ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtfsf] clej[l4 ug]{ sfo{
  • 35. ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg /fli6«o /0fgLlt, @)^^ n] s] eG5
  • 36. :jLs[t ldltM @)^^.^.@% of] k|fs[lts ;Dkbf tyf ef}lts ;+/rgfx¿sf] ;+/If0f, ;+j4{g Pj+ k|j4{g ug{ g]kfn ;/sf/sf] k|lta4tf;lxtsf] Ps /fli6«o b:tfj]h (National Framework) xf] . cfwf/M ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3sf] ;g @))% sf] ljZjJofkL ;femf cjwf/0ffkq Xof]uf] sfo{ ;+/rgf (Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015)
  • 37.
    •   bL3{sfnLg ;f]r
    • g]kfnnfO{ ljkbaf6 pTyfgzLn ;dfh (Disaster–resilient community) sf] ¿kdf :yflkt ug]{ o; /0fgLltsf] bL3{sfnLg ;f]r (long-term vision) /x]sf] 5 .
    •   bL3{sfnLg nIo
    • k|sf]ksf] hf]lvd tyf ljkbsf] 36gfsf] c;/nfO{ sd ug{ cNkLs/0f, k"j{tof/L, ;r]tgf clej[l4sf pkfox¿nfO{ k|efjsf/L ¿kdf cufl8 a9fpg] / ;a} txdf k|efjsf/L k"j{–tof/Lsf lqmofsnfkx¿ ljsf; u/L ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf] cjwf/0ffnfO{ d"nk|jfxLs/0f (Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction into Development) ug{ cfjZos dfu{bz{g Pj+ k|f]T;fxg lbg]
  • 38.
    • ;xfos nIox¿ M–
    • ;+:yfut ;+/rgfx¿sf] kg' M;+/rgf / ljsf; ug]{
    • PsLs[t gLlt tyf ljs]lGb|t sfof{Gjog k|lqmofsf];'lglZrt ug]{
    • gLltut tyf sfg'gL Joj:yfsf] ;'b[9Ls/0f ug{]
    • ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f;DaGwL /0fgLltnfO{ d"nk|jfxLs/0f ug]{
  • 39. dfu{lgb]{zs l;4fGtx¿
    • ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf] cjwf/0ffnfO{ ljsf; of]hgfx¿df d"nk|jfxLs/0f ug]{
    • ;'/lIft hLjg / ;fdflhs ;'/Iffsf] k|Tofe"lt lbg],
    • n}lËs tyf ;fdflhs ;dfj]zLs/0fnfO{ hf]8 lbg],
    • ljs]lGb|t sfof{Gjog k|lqmof cjnDag ug{],
    • PsLs[t k|0ffnL ckgfpg],
    • sd{rf/Lx¿sf] ;'/IffnfO{ k|fyldstfsf ¿kdf lng],
    • Psåf/ gLlt / ;d"xut cjwf/0ffsf] cfwf/df sfo{;+rfng ug]{ /
    • ;xeflutfd"ns, cGt/lqmofTds / ;dGjofTds k|of;sf] efjgfg'¿k sfo{ ug]{ .
  • 40.
    • Xof]uf] sfo{ ;+/rgf ;g @))%—@)!% n] lglb{i6 u/]sf d"n nIox¿
    • ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fnfO{ lbuf] ljsf;sf /0fgLltx¿ tyf of]hgf th{'df df PsLs/0f ug{]
    • k|sf]kx¿af6 pTyfgzLntf (resilience) sf] ljsf; ug{sf nflu ;+:yf, ;+oGq tyf Ifdtfx¿sf] ljsf; tyf ;'b[9Ls/0f ug]{, / hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f;DaGwL cjwf/0ffx¿nfO{ cfkTsfnLg k"j{–tof/L (Preparedness), k|ltsfo{ (Response) tyf k'gnf{e (Recovery) ;DaGwL sfo{qmddf Jojl:yt ¿kdf ;dfj]z ug]{ .
  • 41. k|fyldstfk|fKt lqmofsnfkx?
    • ! M ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f /fli6«o tyf :yfgLo k|fyldstf x'g] / o;sf] sfof{Gjogsf nflu ;zQm ;+:yfut Joj:Yff ;'lglZrt ug]{ .
    • @ M ljkbsf ;DefJo hf]lvdsf] n]vfhf]vf, klxrfg, cg'udg / k"j{–r]tfjgL k|0ffnL ;'b[9 ug{].
    • #M ;a} txdf ;'/lIft ;+:s[lt Pj+ pTyfgzLntfsf] ljsf; ug{ 1fg,gjLgtd ;f]r / lzIffsf] pkof]u ug]{.
    • $M JofKt hf]lvdsf sf/s tTjx¿nfO{ Go"g ug]{ .
    • %M k|efjsf/L k|ltsfo{sf nflu ljkb k"j{tof/LnfO{ ;zQm agfpg] .
  • 42. /0fgLlts lqmofsnfkx?
    • != ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf nflu ;+:yfut k|0ffnLsf] :yfkgf Pj+ ;'b[9Ls/0f ug]{ .
    • @= lj:t[t ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg;DaGwL cjwf/0ff ;dfj]z ug{ gLlt tyf sfg'gx¿sf] th'{df÷;+zf]wg ug]{ .
    • #= /fli6«o ljsf; k|lqmofdf ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fnfO{ d"nk|jfxdf Nofpg].
    • $= :yfgLo lgsfon] k|efjsf/L k|ltsfo{sf nflu ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f tyf k"j{–tof/Lsf sfo{qmdnfO{ ljsf; of]hgf, sfo{qmd tyf ;a} lgoldt ljsf; lqmofsnfkx¿df PsLs/0f ug]{
    • %= ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf nflu cfjZos gLlt tyf dfkb08, lgb]{lzsf, :t/Lo sfo{;~rfng sfo{ljlw (Standard Operating Procedures) tyf ljz]if lsl;dsf /fli6«o sfoq{mdx¿ tof/ kfg]{ / qmdzM sfof{Gjog ug {].
  • 43. s|dzM
    • ^= cfktsfnLg sfo{;~rfng s]Gb|x¿ (Emergency Operation Centers) sf] :yfkgf / ;~rfng ug]{ -s]Gb|Lo txdf Pp6f / lhNnf tyf gu/kflnsf txdf klg yk s]Gb|x¿ qmdzM :Yffkgf ug]{_ .
    • &= ;|f]tx¿sf] ;+sng, ljlgof]hg tyf lbuf] cfly{s ;|f]t Joj:yfkgsf nflu Psåf/ (One-Window) ;+oGqsf] ljsf; ug]{ .
    • *= ljleGg tx tyf ljleGg :s]ndf k|fs[lts k|sf]k tyf ;Í6f;Ggtfsf] lgwf{/0f ug]{, cfjlws ¿kdf ltgnfO { cBfjlws ug {]k|0ffnLsf] ljsf; ug] { / ;fj{hlgs ¿kdf pknAw u/fpg] .
    • (= ljkb ;Fu ;DalGwt ;a} hfgsf/L ;dfj]z x'g] u/L s]Gb|, lhNnf tyf gu/kflnsf txdf cflwsfl/s, v'nf, ef}uf]lns ;"rgf k|0ffnL (GIS) df cfwfl/t ljkb ;"rgf Joj:yfkg k|0ffnLsf] :yfkgf tyf To;nfO{ ;+:yfut ug]{ .
  • 44.
    • !)= k|sf]k÷hf]lvdsf] cg'udg tyf ;+efljt k|sf]ksf nflu k"j{–r]tfjgL lbg] /fli6«o k|0ffnLsf] :yfkgf ug]{ .
    • !!= zx/L tyf zx/ pGd'v If]qx¿df s]lGb|t eO{ e"–pkof]u gS;f tof/ kfg]{ tyf cfjlws ¿kdf o;nfO{ cBfjlws ug]{ / e"–pkof]usf] of]hgf th'{dfsf nflu e"pkof]u gS;fsf] ko|f]u ug]{ ;+:yfut k|0ffnL ;'lglZrt ug{].
    • !@= ljkb;DaGwL r]tgf hufpg lzIffnoox¿ dxTjk"0f{ s]Gb| x'g ;s"g egL /fli6«o z}lIfs gLltdf ;+zf]wg tyf kl/dfhg{ ug{] / To;sf] sfof{Gjog kIf bl/nf] agfpg] .
    • !#= ljkb ;Da4 lzIffsf] cWofkg u/fpg] Joj:yf ug]{ .
    • !$= ljleGg nlIot ;d"xx¿sf nflu ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f;DaGwL kf7oqmdsf] ljsf; ug{] tyf ;Dk"0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿sf nflu ;d]t kl|zIf0f sfo{qmdx¿ ;+rfng ug]{ .
    • !%= ljkb;DaGwL r]tgf tyf k|lzIf0fsf nflu lj:t[t /fli6«o sfo{qmdsf] ljsf; u/L ;+rfng ug]{ .
    s|dzM
  • 45. s|dzM
    • !^= ljkb hf]lvd tyf hf]lvdsf] Go"gLs/0f;DaGwL hfgsf/Lsf] k|rf/–k|;f/ ug{sf nflu cfd ;~rf/sf dfWodx¿sf] pkof]u ug {]of]hgf tyf sfo{qmdx¿sf] ljsf; tyf ltgsf] ;xhLs/0f ug{].
    • !&= :yfgLo txdf ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg;DaGwL ;r]tgf hufpg] sfo{qmdx¿sf] ljsf; ÷ ;'b[9Ls/0f ÷ k|f]T;fxg ug]{ .
    • !*= ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f tyf k"j{–tof/Lsf ;DaGwdf ;r]tgf hufpg] sfo{qmdx¿sf] ljsf; tyf ;+rfng ug{sf nflu ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t ;+3 ;+:yf, u}/;/sf/L ;Ë7g tyf cGo ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿nfO{ k|f]T;fxg tyf ;xof]u pknAw u/fpg] .
    • !(= ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f;DaGwL cjwf/0ffnfO{{ k"jf{wf/x¿sf] ljsf; of]hgf th'{df tyf sfofG{jog k|lqmofdf PsLs[t ug{].
    • @)= dxTjk"0f{ ;fj{hlgs ;]jf, hLjgfwf/ ;+/rgf tyf ef}lts k"jf{wf/x¿sf] n]vfhf]vf, ltgsf] ;+/If0f / ;anLs/0f ug]{ .
  • 46. s|dzM
    • @!= ;dfhsf ;LdfGtLs[t >]0fLdf /x]sf blnt, dlxnf, ckfË tyf ;'ljwfaf6 jl~rt ;d"x, afn–aflnsf tyf j[4–j[4fx¿h:tf clt;Í6f;Gg ;d"xx¿sf nflu k|fyldstfsf cfwf/df ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f;DaGwL ljz]if sfo{qmdx¿sf] ljsf; u/L ;+rfng ug]{ .
    • @@= ljkbkl5sf] k'gnf{e (recovery) tyf k'gM:yfkgf sfo{qmdx¿df ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf k|of;x¿nfO{ ;dfj]z ug]{ .
    • @#= ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fnfO{ ;Daf]wg ug{sf nflu j}slNks tyf ;[hgzLn cfly{s ;fwgx¿ (Innovative Financial Instruments) sf] ljsf; tyf k|jw{g ug]{ .
    • @$= PsLs[t /fli6«o ljkb kl|tsfo { k|0ffnLsf] ljsf; u/L To;nfO{ nfu" ug{].
    • @%= d'n'se/ qmdzM cfkTsfnLg sfo{;~rfng s]Gb|sf] Joj:yf nufot cfkTsfnLg k|ltsfo{ tyf k"j{–tof/Lsf] ljsf; tyf sfof{Gjog ug]{ .
  • 47. s|dzM
    • @^= vfBfGg, cf}iflw, cGo p4f/ ;fdu|L tyf p4f/sf cf}hf/ tyf pks/0fsf] e08f/0fsf nflu dxOEjk"0f{ :yfgx¿ -s]Gb|Lo, lhNnf, gu/kflnsf tyf ufpF txdf_, uf]bfd3/ tyf klxn] g} ;fdfg e08f/0f ug]{ Ifdtfsf] :yfkgf cyjf ;[b[9Ls/0f ug{] .
    • @&= cfkTsfnLg kl/l:yltsf ;fy} k"j{–tof/Lsf r/0fdf k|of]u ug{ ;lsg] e/kbf]{ ;~rf/ k|0ffnLsf] :yfkgf ug]{ .
    • @*= oftfoft ;]jf tyf aGbf]j:tL Joj:yfkg ;+oGqsf] e/kbf]{ Joj:Yff ug]{ .
    • @(= uflj; txsf ;d'bfox¿sf] cfktsfnLg ;dodf p4f/ / k|ltsfo{ ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtfsf] clejl[4 ug{] . ;fy} ;f] sfos{f nflu :jo+;]jsx?sf] klxrfg u/L k|lzIf0f lbg ljBfno / ;d'bfonfO{ kl/rfng ug]{ .
  • 48. ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fsf nflu /0fgLlt (Sectoral Strategies for DRR)
    • s[lif tyf vfB ;'/Iff;DaGwL /0fgLlt
    • :jf:Yo tyf kf]if0f If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt
    • z}lIfs If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt
    • cfjf;, k"jf{wf/ tyf ef}lts of]hgf ;DaGwL /0fgLlt
    • hLljsf]kfh{gsf] ;+/If0f
    • vfg]kfgL tyf ;/–;kmfO If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt
    • jg tyf e"–;+/If0f If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt
    • ;"rgf, ;~rf/, ;dGjo tyf aGbf]a:tL÷k|aGwut Ifdtf;DaGwL /0fgLlt
    • vf]hL tyf p4f/ / Ifltsf] n]vfhf]vf tyf cfjZostfsf] ljZn]if0f;DaGwL /0fgLlt
  • 49. /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg kl/ifb
    • kl/ifbdf u[xdGqL pkfWoIf, :yfgLo ljsf;, ;~rf/, /Iff, k//fi6«, cy{, lzIff tyf ;dfh sNof0f dGqLx¿ tyf ;lrjx¿, k|wfg ;]gfklt, k|x/L dxflg/LIfs, ;z:q k|x/L dxflg/LIfs, ;Da4 ljefusf dxflgb]{zsx¿, gful/s ;dfhaf6 ;DalGwt If]qsf lj1 k|ltlglwx¿ ;d]t ;b:o /xg]5g .
  • 50.
    • ljkb Joj:yfkg;DaGwL gLltx¿sf] cg'df]bg ug]{,
    • ljkb Joj:yfkg;DaGwL /fli6«o of]hgf tyf If]qut of]hgfx¿ :jLs[t ug]{,
    • ljkb hf]lvd Go"gLs/0f÷cNkLs/0f (Risk Reduction/Mitigation) , k"j{–tof/L (Preparedness) , k|ltsfo{ (Response) tyf k'gnf{e (recovery) , k'g:yf{kgf (Rehabilitation) / k'gMlgdf{0f (Reconstruction) sf nflu gLlt lgwf/{0f, cfly{s ;|f]tsf] Joj:yf ldnfpg] tyf /]vb]v ug],{ /
    • ljkb Joj:yfkgsf If]qx¿df låkIfLo, pkIf]qLo, If]qLo tyf cGt/f{li6«o ;xof]usf nflu gLlt lgwf{/0f ug{].
    • o; kl/ifbsf] ;lrjfno /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg k|flws/0f (National Disaster Management Authority-NDMA) x'g]5 .
    /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg kl/ifbsf] sfd–st{Jox?M–
  • 51. If]qLo ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldlt (Regional Disaster Management Committee)
    • k|To]s If]qdf If]qLo k|zf;ssf] ;+of]hsTjdf Ps If]qLo ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldlt u7g ul/g]5
    • ;/sf/L lgsfo tyf u}/;/sf/L ;+:yfx¿af6 k|ltlglwTj x'g]
    • sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5 M–
    • k"j{ tof/Lsf sfo{x¿ ug]{,
    • p4f/ tyf /fxt Joj:yfkgsf sfo{x¿df ;xsfo{ u/fpg cfjZos ;xof]u ug]{,
    • k'g:yf{kgf, k'glg{df{0f Pj+ k'g?Tyfgsf sfo{x¿df lhNnf :t/af6 ul/g] sfo{x¿sf] c'gudg, d"Nof+sgsf ;fy} If]q cGtu{tsf lhNnfx¿aLr ;dGjo sfod u/L cfjZos k"j{fwf/x¿nfO{ dd{t ;'wf/ u/fpg cfjZos lgb]{zg lbg]
  • 52. s|dzM
    • k|flws/0f;Fu k/fdz{ lnO{ If]q cGtu{tsf ljkb Joj:yfkg ;DaGwL ;Dk"0f{ sfo{x¿sf] cg'udgdf lqmofzLn /xg] / d"Nof+sg k|ltj]bg lgoldt ¿kdf /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg k|flws/0fdf k7fpg],
    • k|flws/0fåf/f k|Tofof]hg ul/Psf clwsf/sf] k|of]u ug]{ .
  • 53.   lhNnf ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldlt (District Disaster Management Committee)
    • k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/Lsf] cWoIftf
    • ;/sf/L lgsfo tyf u}/;/sf/L ;+:yfx¿af6 k|ltlglwTj x'g] .
    • ;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ M–
    • lhNnf:t/Lo u}/;/sf/L ;+:yf, ;fd'bflos ;+:yf, ljkbaf6 k|efljt jf ;DefJo k|efljt ;d'bfo,
    • lhNnfl:yt lj1x¿, ;fdflhs sfo{stf{ Pj+ JolQmx¿ ;d]tnfO{ ;+nUg u/L lhNnf:t/Lo ljkb
  • 54. s|dzM
    • Joj:yfkg of]hgf agfpg] / o:tf of]hgfx¿ sfof{Gjogdf plNnlvt ;j} kIfx¿nfO{ ;+nUg u/fpg],
    • ljkbsf] k"j{tof/L, cNkLs/0f, Go"gLs/0f, p4f/ tyf /fxt, k'g:yf{kgf tyf k'glg{df{0f cj:yfcGtu{t ul/g] ;Dk0"f{ sfox{¿ lhNnf:t/df sfof{Gjog ug,{]
  • 55. DRR k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu - HFA Xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgf_ nfO{ cfcfkmgf] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgfdf s] s;/L cfTd;ft jf d&quot;nk|jflxs/0f ug{ ;lsPsf] 5 < k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu -Xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgf_sf] kl/of]hgf kl/If0f tyf cfTd;ftLs/0fsf nflu s]lx ;jfn / k|Zgx?
  • 56. PrPkmP ! ;'zf;g k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu Xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgf - HFA _ sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgfdf s'g xb ;Dd k|fyldstfdf k/]sf] 5< x]/f}+ t sfo{;+/rgf / 9f+rf s] xfd|f] ;d'bfodf k|sf]ksf] j]nfdf s] ug]{ eGg]jf/] gL0f{o nLg;Sg] tof/L cj:yfsf ;';+ul7t ;+:yf,;ldtL jf ;d&quot;xx? 5g < ;xeflutfsf] clwsf/ s] ;+:yf,;ldtL jf ;d&quot;xsf ;b:ox? cfkmgf] clwsf/ / /fHon] ;&quot;/Iff / ;+/If0f k|bfg ug'{kg]{ bfloTj jf/] ;r]t 5g< ljlQo >f]t s] xfd|f] ;d'bfosf] k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f, k|efj clNks/0f / k'g/:yf{kgfsf nflu /fHo / :yfgLo ;/sf/n] 5'6ofpg] ljlQo / cGo >f]tx?dflysf] kx'+r 5 < dfgj >f]t s] xfd|f ;d'bfosf k|ltlgwLx? k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f tyf k|sf]k sfnLg cj:yfdf k|sf]k ;fdgf tyf kxn s] s;/L ug]{ jf/]df ;'rLt tyf k|lzlIft 5g< ljBfno Pj+ :jf:Yo ;'ljwfx? s] xfd|f ;d'bfodf cjl:yt ljBfno Pj+ c:ktfnx?df k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f sf nflu k&quot;j{tof/L of]hgf jgfpg tyf k|sf]k sfnLg cj:yfdf k|sf]k ;fdgf tyf kxn ug{ ;s[o ;ldtLx? 5g <
  • 57. PrPkmP @ hf]lvd d&quot;Nof+sg , cg'udg tyf k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf k|0ffnL xfd|f] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgf If]qsf] ;d'bfodf vt/f / hf]lvd jf/] ;r]tgf, ;&quot;rgf / 5nkmnsf] k|ultsf] cj:yf s] 5< k|sf]k hf]lvd d&quot;Nof+sg s] xfd|f] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgf If]qdf cj:yLt vt/f jf ;+s6 tyf ;+Defljt hf]lvd sf] cg'udg d&quot;Nof+sg / of]hgf th&quot;{df sf nflu ;d'bfosf ;j} -dlxnf, jfnjfnLsf tyf cGo ;+s6f;Gg ju{_ sf] ;xeflutfdf j}7s jf 5nkmn x'g] ub{5 < k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf k|0ffnL s] xfd|f] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgf If]qsf] ;d'bfodf cj:yLt vt/f jf ;+s6 / ;+Defljt hf]lvd jf/] ;r]tgf u/fpg] / k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf k|bfg ug]{ k|0ffnLx? :yfkLt 5g<
  • 58. PrPkmP # 1fg / lzIff xfd|f] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgf If]qsf ;d'bfo s'g xb ;Dd k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f, k&quot;j{tof/L of]hgf tyf k|sf]ksf] cj:yfdf kxn tyf k|lt/f]w Pj+ ug]{ ljifodf hfgLkmsf/ 5g< ;'rgf Joj:yfkg tyf cfbfg k|bfg :yflgo :t/df /x]sf k|d'v vt/fx?sf] af/]df ;dalGwt ;d'bfodf sltsf] k|efjsf/L ?kdf ;&quot;rgf ljt/0f tyf ;Dk|]l;t ul/G5 < cf}krf/Ls lzIff :yflgo of]hgfx? k|sf]k k&quot;j{ tof/L tyf ;fdgfsf nflu cf}krfl/s ?kdf ljBfno tyf SofDk;x?df k|lzlIft ul/G5 < hg r]tgf / j'emfO{ K|fsf]k cfO k/]sf] v08df ;+efljt vt/fx? ;fdgf ug{sf nflu s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo ;+u kof{Kt 1fg tyf ;';&quot;lrt cj:yfdf 5g t < cgf}krf/Ls lzIff K|fsf]ksf] ;+efljt vt/f tyf c;/x?af6 aRgsf nflu s] ;d'bfo ;+u k|ofKt ;&quot;rgf 5g jf cgf}krfl/s lzIff k|fKt u/]sf 5g h;n] ubf{ ;d'bfo k|efjsf/L kxn lng ;sf]; . ljBfno ;&quot;/Iff s] ;d'bfonfO{ yfxf 5 ,xfd|f] ljBfnox? sltsf] ;'/IfLt 5 eg]/ < s] ;d'bfonfO {tL ;j} Jojxfl/s sbdx? Sf] af/]df yfxf 5 ls xfd|f gofF / aGb} u/]sf ljBfno ;+/rfgfx? x/]s lsl;dn] k|sf]k sf] vt/faf6 ;+/lIft / ;';lHht 5g <
  • 59. PrPkmP $ Jftfj/0f tyf k|fqm[lts >f]t Joj:yfkg Xfd|f] ;d'bfodf JofKt s[lifdf cfwfl/t k/Kk/ut cEof;x? s] Jftfj/0f d}qL cyf{t jftfj/0f hf]ufpg] tkm{ pBt 5g < Hfnjfo&quot; kl/jt{gsf] nflu cg's'ngtf s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo eljiodfcfO kg{] df};d tyf hnjfo&quot; kl/jt{g nfO{ cg's'ng ug{ tof/ 5g < vfB ;&quot;/Iff cfsl:ds a]nfdf x'g] ;+efljt vfB cefj nfO{ ;fdgf ug{ xfd|f] ;d'bfo;+u k|ofKt vfBfGg 5 t < ;fdflhs ;&quot;/Iff ;fv ul/ hf]lvddf /x]sf ;d'bfo tyf ju{ x?sf] nflu k|sf]k k/]sf] a]nf tyf o; kl5 sf;fdflhs ;'/Iff sf] nflu k|Tofe&quot;lt ul/Psf] 5 t < ;fdflhs ;&quot;/Iff ;+hfnx?df logLx?sf] kx&quot;+rsf] l:ytL s:tf] 5 < ljQLo ;&quot;/Iff ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t art tyf nufgL of]hgfx? tL hf]lvddf /x]sf ju{x?sf] nflu pknAw/ d]n vfg] 5g t < u/LjL Go&quot;lgs/0f xfd|f] ;d'bfo vf; ul/ tL hf]lvddf /x]sf ju{ ul/JfL Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu sltsf] ;Ifd /x]sf] 5 t< ;du| of]hgf k4lt :yflgo :t/df ul/g] ljsf;;+u ;Dalgwt of]hgfx?df tL ;d&quot;bfox?sf] ;lqmo ;+nUgtf nfO{ s;/L ;'lglZrt ug{'x'G5 < ejg ;+lxtf tyf dfkb08 K|fsf]k ;fdgfsf ] ;Gbe{df s] xfd|f] ;d’bfo lglb{i6 dfkb)8 cjndagsf nflu nflu tof/ 5g < ;fj{hlgs ;'ljwfx?sf] ;'/Iff ;fj{hlgs ;Dklt tyf ;'ljwfx? gLdf{0f tyf ;'lglZrt ug{sf nflu s] xfd} ;d'bfo ;Ifd tyf tof/ 5g < Vft/fsf cGt/lglxt sf/s tTjx? ;+Defljt k|sf]k / hf]lvd clNks/0fsf nflu ;fdflhs, cfly{s tyf jftfj/0fLo cj:yf / e&quot; pkof]u If]qdf ul/Psf] k|ultsf] cj:yf s] 5<
  • 60. PrPkmP % k&quot;j{ tof/L tyf ;fdgf k|efjsf/L kxnsf nflu - Ifdtf / >f]tsf] ;Gbe{df_ ;d'bfosf] K|fsf]k k&quot;j{ tof/L tyf ;fdgf sf] ;'[b[l9s/0f sf] If]qdf ePsf] kultsf] cj:yf K|fsf]k k&quot;j{ tof/L tyf ;fdgf s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo;+u cfsl:ds k|ltsfo{ of]hgf 5 ? k|ltsfo{ ;Lkx? s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo;+u k|sf]ksf] a]nf ul/g] k|ofKt k|ltsfo{ ;Lkx? 5g < h:t} k|fylds pkrf/, vf]h tyf p4f/, ;+rf/ ,cUgL lgoGq0f ,hn z'l4s/0f cflb =========== ? vfnL u/fpg], ;&quot;/lIft cjt/0f s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo ;+u lgwf{l/t ;'/lIft lgsf; sf af6fx? / 7fFpx? 5g < l;ldt ultzLntf ePsf JolqMX? Nfflu s]xL of]hgf 5 t < Tfflnd tyf k&quot;j{ cEof; s] ;d'bfosf o:tf cfsl:ds k|ltsfo{ of]hgfx? Dffly tflnd cyjf k&quot;j{ cEof; ul/G5 < cfsl:ds >f]t pkna4L :yflgo ;d'bfo of :yflgo ;+3;:yfx?;+usf] ;xsfo{df s]xL cfsl:ds >f]tx? pknA4 5g < ;dGjo tyf ;&quot;rgf cfbgk|bfg cfsl:ds a]nfdf cGo l5d]sL ;d'bfo, :yflgo clwsf/L ,u};; x?;+u ;dGjo tyf ;&quot;rgf cbfgk|bfg ug{] k|i6 vfsf tyf of]hgf 5 <
  • 61. PrPkmP cGo cGt/ ;+DjlGwt ;jfnx? s] n}+lus, ;+fl:s[lts tyf eflifs ;jfnx? k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f, k&quot;j{tof/L tyf k|sf]ksf k|efj clNks/0f of]hgf th{&quot;dfsf] bf}/fgdf x]l/Psf 5g< ;fd'bflos ;xeflutf / ;'rgf s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo n] :yflgo clwsf/L tyf ;Da4 lgsfo;+u ;+rf/ tyf cg'/f]w / u'gf;f] ug{] k|i6 k|0ffnL / kl/kf6L 5 < ;lqmo ;xeflutf ;d'bfo vf;ul/ hf]lvddf /x]sf ;d'bfo sf] :yflgo of]hgfx?df sltsf] ;lqmo ;xeflutf x'g] u/]sf] 5 < lg0f{odf ;xeflutf :yflgo lgsfox?;+u of]hgf lgdf{0f tyf lg0f{o k|lqmofx?df oL hf]lvddf /x]sf ;d'bfox?sf] ;xeflutf s:tf] 5 < :jo+ ;]jf s] k|sf]ksf] a]nf ;d'bfo sf ;b:ox? :jo;]jf k|bfg u5{g < n}+lustf ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t qm[ofsnfkx?df dlxnfsf] ;xeflutfnfO{ ;d'bfon] ;'lglZt u/]sf] 5 < ;+:qm[lts uDle/tf -k/Dk/fut 1fg_ K|fsf]ksf] c;/x?nfO{ 36fpgsf] nflu ;d'bfon] rngdf /x]sf ;+:qm[lts cEof; tyf k/Dk/fut 1fgx? nfO{ s;/L pkof]udf Nofpg] u/]sf] 5 < ;+f:qm[lts ulDe/tf -Effiff _ s] ;d'bfon] ToxfF /x]sf cflbjf;L tyf cNk;+Vosx?sf] efiffdf k|sf]k ;DalGwt ;jfnx? 5nkmn ug{] u/]sf 5g <
  • 62. k|sf]k hf]lvd Joj:yfkgdf wGojfb PSnf] gLsfon] s]lx ug{ ;St}g DRR is Everybody’s business Thank you tkfO{+x?sf] ;xof]u cfjZos 5 . Single Agency is not enough for DRR