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INTRODUCTION DEFINITION OF ABSTINENCE: BENEFITS/PURPOSE DEFINITION OF SEX EDUCATION: BENEFITS/PURPOSE STATISTICS ON TEENS AND SEXUAL ACTIVITY ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF SEX INFORMATION SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE (STDs) BENEFITS OF KNOWLEDGE ROLE OF THE NURSE IN SEX EDUCATION CONCLUSION
The topic of discussion is Sex Education vs Abstinence. This writer can not say which choice is the right one. It is a personal choice and each person must make the decision according to his/her own belief. The information and facts will be provided to allow you as the reader to draw your own conclusions.
Abstinence: “The general meaning of the word abstinence is self-limitation; a person chooses not to do something. Sexual abstinence means that a person does not have sex before marriage”(www.wiki.answers.com) Even if a teen has already has had sex, he or she can still chose abstinence Reasons to chose abstinence: Waiting until one is ready for the emotional and physical aspects of sex Avoiding STDs Finding the right person Moral or religious beliefs Good communication from parents who encourage teen abstinence (www.teenhelp.com p.1)
HIV/AIDS STD related information Abstinence Reproductive, including description of the male and female genitalia Contraception, including the instruction on the proper use of a condom and a diaphragm Pregnancy and the financial responsibility of raising a child Adoption Sexual orientation (www.family.findlaw.com p.1)
Curb unwanted pregnancies Address public health concerns Teen pregnancy Sexual Transmitted Diseases (www.family.findlaw.com p.1)
PROs Information concerning STDs Proper use of contraceptives Lowers teen pregnancy Lowers STD infection rates Knowledge is power Correction and factual information
CONs Sex education to be taught by parents only Teach own values to their children Controversial subjects (sexual orientation) Abstinence-only Emotional complexities (www.family.findlaw.com p.2)
29% of women from ages 15 to 24 have not had any form of sex 27% of men in the same age range have not had nay for of sex, which is up four percent from previous years 7% of teen girls have experience with oral sex. However, teen boys are still more experienced with oral sex with about 10% who have engaged in such behaviors 13% of teens in general have ever had sex by age 15 The average age most young people have sex is 17. This means, on average, teens are waiting longer to have sex Most teens that are not sexually active report having a moral opposition to having sex prior to marriage (www.pregnantteenhelp.org/statistics p2)
90% of sexually active teens who do not use contraception, have a chance of becoming pregnant within 12 months Teens in the United States are more likely to use alcohol and drugs, which leads to more sexual promiscuity and lack of contraceptive use Statistics from 2009 showed that about 22% of teens who had intercourse were intoxicated or had done drugs beforehand Many parents and researchers blame the Abstinence only sex education in the public school system for not teach teens how to use contraception According to recent statistics on teen sexual activity, the majority of sexually experienced teens do use contraception - 79% of females and 87% of males Each year there are about 19 million new sexually transmitted infections, and 15 to 24 year olds are responsible for half of that amount (www.pregnantteenhelp.org/statistics p.2)
In 2006-2008, most teens aged 15-19 had received formal instruction about STIs (93%), HIV (89%) or abstinence (84%). However, about one-third of teens had not received any formal instruction about contraception; fever males received this instruction than females 62% vs. 70%). (p.2) Among teens aged 18-19, 41% report that they know little or nothing about condoms and 75% say they know little or nothing about the contraceptive pill. (p.2) (www.guttmacher.org)
Adolescents consider parents,peers and the media to be important sources of sexual health information
Adolescents consider parents, peers and the media to be important sources of sexual health information Girls are more likely to talk to their parents about birth control Exposure to high levels of sexual content on television is associated with an increased risk of initiating sexual activity, as well as a greater likelihood of involvement in teen pregnancy (p.3) (www.guttmacher.org)
Chlamydia Gonorrhea Women ages 15 to 19 Women ages 15 to 19 are the highest rate of men ages 20 to 24 infection Midwest and the south The highest rates in the have the largest number U.S. can be found in the of cases mid-west and southern SYPHILIS states Is on the rise mostly in Infection has increased the south by 43%in men Highest rate is seen in men and women ages 20to25
[HPV] Human papillomavirus – is fastly becoming one of the most common STD’S Can lead to cancer most common in women ages 14 to19 Herpes and trichomoniasis are on the decline.
20% of the U.S. have an STD and it cost over 8billion each year to treat them not including HIV 65%of all teens have had sex by the time they are seniors in high school. I in 5 teens have had 4 or more sexual partners One in four will contract an STD prior to adulthood
The role of the parents and families is the primary source of education on sexual health . The registered professional school nurse plays a vital role in the development and implementation of instructional programs that utilize evidence-based strategies to prevent pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections like HIV Programs that included health education had a positive effect overall outcome
Provides baseline information that is grounded in the benefits of abstinence and the delaying of sexual activity, while ensuring that the youth who is making the decision to be sexually active has the right information they need to take steps to protect themselves . Provide support for developing and implementing school health education about human sexuality that is effective in resolving students sexually related risk behaviors and currently improving students academic success .
IN CONCLUSION ,THIS WRITIER HAS MIXED FEELINGS ABOUT BOTH. TEACHING ABSTINENCE IS THE MOST EFFECTIVE WAY TO CONTROL ONES’S DESTINY. No sex ,no disease and no emotional roller coaster of feeling giulty,disappointment or ashamed. On the other hand , today’s teens are curious to find out what they are missing. If giving the information from a reliable source ,it will give them the information to make a decision and not go into the situation blind.
This writer chose to teach her children first abstinence then presented to them information, facts and pictures! You know what they say “a picture is worth a thousand words .