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Present perfect tense

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  • 1. TràVinh University
    Resource Development Institute
    Present Perfect Tense
    Grammar
    - Forms
    - Usage
    - Present perfect vs. Past simple
    - Exercises
    February, 2011
  • 2. FORMS
    have / has + past participle (V3ed)
    I have seen the film before.
    She has seen the film before.
    Affirmative
    Have you seen the film before?
    Has she seen the film before?
    Interrogative
    They haven’t seen the film before.
    He hasn’t seen the film before.
    Negative
    - I/we/you/they/Noun (plural) + have
    - He/she/it/Noun (single) + has
    NOTE
  • 3. Usage
    1. Recent events: It is used to describe recent events without a definite time.
    - Why are they so happy?
    - They have just won a jackpot so they are really pleased
    • Why are you looking so dirty?
    - I have repaired my car.
  • 4. Usage
    2. Personal experiences: It is used to express personal experiences.
    I have never been to Japan.
    Have you ever been there?
    I have seen ghosts once.
    Have you ever seen any?
  • 5. Usage
    3. It is used to express actions that started in the past and continue to the present, the time period is not finished. We use for and since with this meaning. We use for with periods of time and since with points of time.
    I haven’t eaten since yesterday morning. I am really hungry
    I haven’t drunk anything for two days. I am terribly thirsty
  • 6. Simple past vs. present perfect
  • 7. Exercises 1:
    Write sentences in present perfect
    1. You / correct / my mistakes
    2. You / practise / your English
    3. She / tidy up / her room
    4. The boss / sign / the letter
    5. Mary / shut / the door
    6. Tony /build / a house.
    7. Anne / cross / the street at the traffic lights.
    8. They / be / to Australia.
    9.Rupert / call / this number.
    10. Betty / spend / 200 Euros at the shopping mall.
  • 8. Exercises 1:
    Write sentences in present perfect
    11. We / reach / our goal
    12. Our team / lose / the match
    13. She / underline / the word
    14. They / not / discover / the treasure
    15. Ron / not / talk / about the problem
    16. You / knock / at the door
    17. The teacher / mark / the tests
    18. She / buy / a new computer
    19. They / rescue / the girl
    20. Brad / wear / a blue shirt
  • 9. Exercises 2:
    Write sentences in present perfect or simple past
    1. Mary / win / the lottery last year.
    2. We / prepare / already / dinner.
    3. James / find / your ring in the garden yesterday.
    4. He / come / just / home.
    5. They / buy / their car two years ago.
    6. I / see / anyone yet.
    7. Phil / go / to the cinema last night.
    8. We / be / to the zoo so far.
    9. She / arrive / yet.
    10. Emily / visit / me last week.
  • 10. Exercises 2:
    Write sentences in present perfect or simple past
    11. / you / read / the book yet?
    12. How many letters / they / write / so far?
    13. When / he / tell / you that?
    14. / you / be / at home last night?
    15. How often / you / travel / abroad till now?
    16. He / leave / just / his house.
    17. We / build / a tree house last week.
    18. Two years ago, Fiona / break / her leg.
    19. I / wash / already / the dishes.
    20. The other day, our cat / bring / home a mouse.