“Inadequacy andunpreparedness”(Katz, 1972, p. 51)Reluctant to includestudents with EBD(Mastropieri & Scruggs, 2001)Unable to meet the needsof general education students(Jolivette, Stichter, & McKormick, 2001)
Fail to use practicesassociated with bestoutcomes for studentswith EBD(Simpson, Peterson, & Smith, 2011)Fail to adaptinstruction to theneeds of their students(Baker & Zigmond, 1995)
Bug-in-the-Ear TechnologyIncrease geographic area fromwhich supervision of novice teacherstakes place (Scheeler, McKinnon, &Stout, 2012).Provide opportunity for immediatefeedback (Rock et al., 2009).Enable novice teachers to learndiscreetly while teaching (Scheeleret al., 2012).
Engaging contentfor students withEBD(Scruggs & Mastropieri, 2007)Improvepostsecondaryoutcomes(Gillies, 2008)
< 56% spend 40%or more of their dayin a general educationclassroom (USDOE, 2011)Receive 0.02- 0.16opportunities torespond per minutefrom their teachers(Sutherland & Wehby, 2001)
Will the teachers maintain theirnewly learned behaviors when theintervention is removed?Research Question Three
From the Science Teachers“I have seen a HUGE improvement inbehavior from my students.”- Eliza“My students responded betterwhen I was given cues.”- Katherine“I did find that they responded better whenthey got praised for following directions andwhen I was more positive with them.”- Tom
Validity and ReliabilityCriterion Validity:Treatment Integrity Checks30% of all sessions to atleast 90% agreementContent Validity:Inter-Observer Agreement30% of all sessions to atleast 90% agreementInstrumentation:Data CollectionFidelity of TreatmentBL and IV protocolsSocial Validity allValidated by expert inTTC trials