In Iran the name of the person who is in charge now in Iran is called Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD.
The type of government they have before the revolution was monarchy. But after the revolution they change it into Islamic republic by a person called Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
The 18th largest country in the world in terms of area at 1,648,195 km 2 (636,372 sq mi), Iran has a population of around 78 million.  It is a country of particular geostrategic significance owing to its location in the Middle East and central Eurasia. Iran is bordered on the north by Armenia, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan.
Freedom of expression like Freedom of Media or any other freedoms in Iran is reserved only if you fully support the Islamic Republic. If you close your eyes, mouth and mind then you’re free to do anything they want. The best film makers, poets, authors and artists find ways to circumvent the censors and spread their message under their radar.
Demonstrations against the Shah commenced in October 1977, developing into a campaign of civil resistance that was partly secular and partly religious, and intensified in January 1978. Between August and December 1978 strikes and demonstrations paralyzed the country.
The Iranian Revolution (also known as the Islamic Revolution or 1979 Revolution) ; Persian Enghelābe Eslāmi or refers to events involving the overthrow of Iran's monarchy (Pahlavi dynasty) under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and its replacement with an Islamic republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution.
Did the Iranian Elected their leader after the revolution
After the revolution Shah left Iran for exile in mid-January 1979, and in the resulting power vacuum two weeks later Ayatollah Khomeini returned to Tehran to a greeting by several million Iranians. The royal regime collapsed shortly after on February 11 when guerrillas and rebel troops overwhelmed troops loyal to the Shah in armed street fighting. Iran voted by national referendum to become an Islamic Republic on April 1, 1979, and to approve a new theocratic constitution where by Khomeini became Supreme Leader of the country, in December 1979.
The people of Iran are not happy. the Iranian people, who are enduring human rights violations, torture and brutality at the hands of the “Supreme Leader” Ayatollah Ali Khāmene’i and President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, there won’t be a happy ending in Iran, after all.
The truth is that they are concerned for the present and future of Iran. Concerned for a country that is precious to them and belongs to them, whatever its social formation. They are not among those who say 'It doesn't concern us.
They believe that the country belongs to the people of Iran and they belong to that society and are not apart from it. They Endeavour to find the reasons behind the failure of popular movements in Iran during the last one hundred years; movements which have failed more often than in other similar societies.
What type of government they have on the island
I think that the type of government they have in the island is democracy. But then the kids especially jack got tired of the democracy and they change everything and tthey become two different groups.
One of the rules in the island that the kids establish was that no one was allowed to take a bath in the river. instead they will take a bath on the beach. The other thing is that they will separate in groups, one group will find fruit, the other group will hunt pigs, and the other group will make shelters.
At the beginning everyone follow the rules that they establish but as time past by some kids did not like how the island was going. Then what Jack did was that he rebel with some other kids against Ralph and Piggy. The other thing is that if you broke the rules nothing bad will happen to them.
In the island Ralph and jack were the two persons that had the struggle for power. One of the reasons is because Jack wanted to become leader instead of Ralph. Then when the kids vote they wanted Jack instead of Ralph and so in other words Jack became leader. But Jack only thought of meat but Ralph wanted to get out of the island.
Well at the end Jack becomes the new leader and he change a lot of thing in the island like the fire, instead of being on top of the mountain they put it n the beach. The other thing was that the kids in Jacks group were killing a lot of pigs and they started to act more like saveges instead of humans.
Well at the end of the book the kids got rescued but the bad thing was that two kids were killed and those two kids were Piggy and Simon. Unfortunately those two kids were killed before they got rescued.