Unit 1 how british colonists became american citizens

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  • 1. US History
    Unit 1, topic 2
    KTHSMr. Peal
    2010
    How did British Colonists become American Citizens?
  • 2. After the French and Indian War
    After defeating the French in 1763, the British controlled most of eastern N. America. They needed more soldiers to control this huge area.
    Britain had to pay for the French and Indian War, so they taxed their colonists.
  • 3. Causes of American Revolution
    Colonists were forced to live east of the Appalachian mountains.
    Colonists could trade only with the British.
    British forced Americans to let soldiers stay in their houses.
    British taxed popular products without allowing colonists to vote in Parliament...
    Is tyranny
  • 4. Events leading up to the Revolution
    1765. Stamp Act boycott
    1765 Quartering Act
    1767 New taxes more boycott
    1770. Boston Massacre
    1773: Tea Act Boston Tea Party “Intolerable” Acts colonists are furious
    WAR. British soldiers in Boston marched to Concord, Mass., on April 19, 1775 to take colonists’ supply of weapons. Someone fired, and the first battle began.
  • 5. Revolution is more than a war!
    A revolution is a sudden, major change in society: for example, a change in government, religion, technology, or work.
    The American Revolution was a change in government in which an entirely new, democratic government and society were created.
    Examples of Revolutions
    • French Revolution (1789)
    • 6. Industrial Revolution (1750 to the present)
    • 7. Russian Revolution (1917)
    • 8. Chinese Revolution (1949)
  • Revolutionary events
  • 9. American government during war
    The First Continental Congress (1774-5) gave colonists a single voice against the British.
    The Second Continental Congress was formed after the revolution started in 1775. It created the Continental Army. It COULD NOT tax.
    After the Declaration of Independence (1776), the Second Continental Congress created the ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION, America’s first PLAN for how to govern itself. The central government was weak. It could not tax.
  • 10. American ARMY during war
    Called the Continental Army
    Run by George Washington, who planned strategy (plan to win the war) and led the army in battles
    There was NEVER enough money to fight the war
  • 11. Americans won because…
    British were fighting on foreign land, without enough food and supplies.
    Americans were supported by French, Spanish, and some Germans
    Washington was an excellent general – he kept his armies together, avoided big battles, and controlled almost the whole American population (British could not cut off one area from another)
  • 12. After the Revolution: What kind of country to create?
    U.S. was still a confederation with a weak government. Why? Americans did not want another strong central government (like England’s).
    The U.S. controlled land east of the Mississippi.
    The U.S. owed a lot of money too. It borrowed from France and printed money – a bad idea!
    To strengthen the new country and raise taxes, the Confederation called for a new Constitutional Convention to create a new government.
  • 13. How strong should the new government be?
    Big argument while the Constitution was being ratified…and after it went into power. The argument continues today.
    STRONG CENTRAL government: Federalists (Alexander Hamilton)
    Wanted strong central government
    Wanted weaker states
    Did not want to list and defend individual rights – would restrict the government
    VS.
    WEAK CENTRAL government. Anti-Federalists (Jefferson)
    Wanted strong local government, based on independent farmers
    Wanted to protect individual rights
    Distrusted central government and did NOT want another king. Did not believe central government could rule America democratically.
  • 14. Features of the U.S. Constitution
    Written in 1787 by Constitutional Convention…ratified by 9 states in 1788…the U.S. government went to work on March 4, 1789.
    __3______ branches: So no branch would be too strong.
    Federalism: Strong central government that left important powers to the states and people.
    Individual rights: Basis of whole system
  • 15. Features of Constitution (1): Three Branches
  • 16. Features of Constitution (2): Federalism
    National
    State
  • 17. Features of Constitution (2): Federalism
  • 18. Features of Constitution (3): Individual Rights
    The Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution in 1791. It said individuals are born with basic rights, including right to:
    Free speech
    Free press
    Own weapons for self-defense
    Freedom of religion
    Meet in public (assembly)
    Trial by jury
    The purpose of government is to defend these rights.
    …Doesn’t include slaves, who were counted as 3/5 of a person
    Women were ignored too.