Transfer pricing

4,625 views

Published on

Transfer Pricing

Published in: Education, News & Politics
1 Comment
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,625
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
367
Comments
1
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transfer pricing

  1. 1. Transfer Pricing Enkay’s Classes January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  2. 2. Scheme of Sections <ul><li>Section 92 Computation of income from international transaction having regard to arm’s length price </li></ul><ul><li>Section 92A Meaning of associated enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>Section 92B Meaning of international transaction </li></ul><ul><li>Section 92C Computation of arm’s length price </li></ul><ul><li>Section 92CA Reference to Transfer Pricing Officer </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  3. 3. Scheme of Sections <ul><li>Section 92D Maintenance and keeping of information and document by persons entering into an international transaction </li></ul><ul><li>Section 92E Report from an accountant to be furnished by persons entering into international transaction </li></ul><ul><li>Section 92F Definitions of certain terms relevant to computation of arm’s length price, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Section 93 Avoidance of income-tax by transactions resulting in transfer of income to non-residents </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  4. 4. Objective <ul><li>The provisions under sections 92 to 92F have been enacted with a view to provide a statutory framework which can lead to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>computation of reasonable, fair and equitable profit and tax in India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>so that the profits chargeable to tax in India do not get diverted elsewhere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>by altering the prices charged and paid in intra-group transactions leading to erosion of Indian tax revenue. </li></ul></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  5. 5. International Transaction <ul><li>Any income arising from an international transaction shall be computed having regard to arm’s length price. </li></ul><ul><li>International transaction is subjected to the arm’s length price only in case of transaction between two entities called associate enterprises . </li></ul><ul><li>In order to be an associated enterprise, the entity must be covered under the term ‘Enterprise’ </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  6. 6. Enterprise [Sec 92F(iii)] <ul><li>Enterprise means a person who engages or has been engaged or proposed to engage in the following activities: </li></ul><ul><li>any activity relating to the production, storage, supply, distribution, acquisition or control of articles or goods; </li></ul><ul><li>know-how, patents, copyrights, trade-marks, licenses, franchises or any other business or commercial rights of similar nature or any data, documentation, drawing or specification relating to any patent, invention, model, design, secret formula or process, of which the other enterprise is the owner or in respect of which the other enterprise has exclusive rights; </li></ul><ul><li>any activity relating to the provision of services of any kind; </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  7. 7. Enterprise [Sec 92F(iii)] <ul><li>carrying out any work in pursuance of a contract ( e.g., construction contract); </li></ul><ul><li>investment activity; </li></ul><ul><li>activity relating to provision of loan; </li></ul><ul><li>business of acquiring, holding, underwriting or dealing with shares, debenture or other securities of any body corporate. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax A person would be an enterprise if it carries on the specified activity/business directly or through one or more of its units or divisions or subsidiaries.
  8. 8. Associated Enterprises <ul><li>The provisions regarding taxation of international transactions [secs. 92 to 92F] apply in case the two enterprises are associated enterprises. </li></ul><ul><li>An enterprise would be regarded as an associated enterprise of another enterprise, if— </li></ul><ul><ul><li>it participates, directly or indirectly, or through one or more intermediaries, in the management or control or capital of the other enterprise; or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in respect of it one or more persons who participate, directly or indirectly, or through one or more intermediaries, in its management or control or capital, are the same persons who participate, directly or indirectly, or through one or more intermediaries, in the management or control or capital of the other enterprise. </li></ul></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  9. 9. Deemed Associated Enterprises <ul><li>Two enterprises shall be deemed to be associated enterprises for the purpose of section 92A(1) if, at any time during the previous year: </li></ul><ul><li>one enterprise holds (directly or indirectly) shares carrying not less than twenty-six per cent of the voting power in the other enterprise; or </li></ul><ul><li>any person or enterprise holds (directly or indirectly) shares carrying not less than twenty-six per cent of the voting power in each of such enterprises; or </li></ul><ul><li>a loan advanced by one enterprise to the other enterprise constitutes not less than fifty-one per cent of the book value of the total assets of the other enterprise; or </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  10. 10. Deemed Associated Enterprises <ul><li>one enterprise guarantees not less than ten per cent of the total borrowings of the other enterprise or </li></ul><ul><li>more than half of the board of directors or members of the governing board, or one or more executive directors or executive members of the governing board of one enterprise, are appointed by the other enterprise; </li></ul><ul><li>more than half of the directors or members of the governing board, or one or more of the executive directors or members of the governing board, of each of the two enterprises are appointed by the same person or persons or </li></ul><ul><li>the manufacture or processing of goods or articles or business carried out by one enterprise is wholly dependent on the use of know-how, patents, copyrights, trade-marks, licences, franchises or any other business or commercial rights of similar nature, or any data, documentation, drawing or specification relating to any patent, invention, model, design, secret formula or process, of which the other enterprise is the owner or in respect of which the other enterprise has exclusive rights or </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  11. 11. Deemed Associated Enterprises <ul><li>ninety per cent or more of the raw materials and consumables required for the manufacture or processing of goods or articles carried out by one enterprise, are supplied by the other enterprise, or by persons specified by the other enterprise, and the prices and other conditions relating to the supply are influenced by such other enterprise; or </li></ul><ul><li>the goods or articles manufactured or processed by one enterprise, are sold to the other enterprise or to persons specified by the other enterprise, and the prices and other conditions relating thereto are influenced by such other enterprise; or </li></ul><ul><li>where one enterprise is controlled by an individual, the other enterprise is also controlled by such individual or his relative or jointly by such individual and relative of such individual; or </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  12. 12. Deemed Associated Enterprises <ul><li>where one enterprise is controlled by a Hindu undivided family, the other enterprise is controlled by a member of such Hindu undivided family, or by a relative of a member of such Hindu undivided family, or jointly by such member and his relative; or </li></ul><ul><li>where one enterprise is a firm, association of persons or body of individuals, the other enterprise holds not less than ten per cent interest in such firm, association of persons or body of individuals; or </li></ul><ul><li>there exists between the two enterprises, any relationship of mutual interest, as may be prescribed. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  13. 13. International Transaction <ul><li>An international transaction should be carried out by the associated enterprises. </li></ul><ul><li>A transaction between two or more associated enterprises (either or both are non-residents) in nature of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>purchase, sale or lease of intangible property, or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provision of services, or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lending or borrowing money. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A transaction between two or more associated enterprises (either or both are non-residents) having a bearing on the profits, income, losses or assets of such associated enterprises. </li></ul><ul><li>Mutual agreement or arrangement between two or more associated enterprises for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>allocation or apportionment of, or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>contributing to, any cost or expense incurred (or to be incurred) regarding a benefit, service or facility provided (or to be provided) to any one or more of such associated enterprise. </li></ul></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  14. 14. Deemed International Transaction [Sec 92B] <ul><li>Section 92B(2) provides that transactions between an enterprise and another person is deemed as transactions entered into between two associated enterprises if either of the following exists: </li></ul><ul><li>there is a prior agreement in relation to the relevant transaction between such other person and the associated enterprise; or </li></ul><ul><li>the terms of the relevant transaction are determined in substance between such other person and the associated enterprise. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  15. 15. Transaction [Section 92F] <ul><li>According to section 92F, the transaction includes an arrangement, understanding or action in concert, whether or not such arrangement, understanding or action is formal or in writing; or is intended to be enforceable by legal proceeding. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  16. 16. Computation of the arm’s length price <ul><li>Arm’s length price as per section 92F is the price applied (or proposed to be applied) when two unrelated persons enter into a transaction in uncontrolled conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Uncontrolled conditions are Conditions which are not controlled or suppressed or moulded for achievement of a pre-determined results are said to be uncontrolled conditions. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  17. 17. Conditions – Arms length Price <ul><li>Therefore to constitute arm’s length price : </li></ul><ul><li>The price should be applied or proposed to be applied in a transaction; </li></ul><ul><li>The transaction is between unrelated persons; and </li></ul><ul><li>The transaction is taking place in uncontrolled conditions. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  18. 18. Rules for Calculation of Arm’s Length Price <ul><li>In computing the income, allowance for any expense or interest shall also be determined having regard to arm’s length price. </li></ul><ul><li>Even where international transaction comprises of only an outgoing, the allowance for such expenses or interest arising from the international transaction shall also be determined having regard to the arm’s length price, </li></ul><ul><li>The provision would not be applicable in a case where the application of arm’s length price results in a downward revision in the income chargeable to tax in India. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  19. 19. Computation of Arm’s length price [Sec. 92C] <ul><li>The arm’s length price shall be determined by any of the method specified in this section, being the most appropriate method. </li></ul><ul><li>Method of computing arm’s length price </li></ul><ul><ul><li>comparable uncontrolled price method; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>resale price method; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cost plus method; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>profit split method; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>transactional net margin method; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>such other method as may be prescribed by the Board. </li></ul></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  20. 20. January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax Comparable Uncontrolled Price Method
  21. 21. Comparable uncontrolled price method <ul><li>Steps for CUP Method </li></ul><ul><li>the price charged or paid for property transferred or services provided in a comparable uncontrolled transaction, ( i.e., a transaction between enterprises other than associated enterprises whether resident or non-resident) or a number of such transactions, is identified; </li></ul><ul><li>such price is adjusted to account for differences, if any, between the international transaction and the comparable uncontrolled transactions or between the enterprises entering into such transactions, which could materially affect the price in the open market; </li></ul><ul><li>the adjusted price arrived at under above step is taken to be an arm’s length price in respect of the property transferred or services provided in the international transaction. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  22. 22. January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax Resale Price Method
  23. 23. Resale Price method <ul><li>Steps for RPM </li></ul><ul><li>the price at which property purchased or services obtained by the enterprise from an associated enterprise is resold or are provided to an unrelated enterprise, is identified; </li></ul><ul><li>such resale price is reduced by the amount of a normal gross profit margin accruing to the enterprise or to an unrelated enterprise from the purchase and resale of the same or similar property or from obtaining and providing the same or similar services, in a comparable uncontrolled transaction, or a number of such transactions; </li></ul><ul><li>the price so arrived at is further reduced by the expenses incurred by the enterprise in connection with the purchase of property or obtaining of services; </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  24. 24. Resale Price method <ul><li>Steps for RPM Method </li></ul><ul><li>the price so arrived at is adjusted to take into account the functional and other differences, including differences in accounting practices, if any, between the international transaction and the comparable uncontrolled transactions, or between the enterprises entering into such transactions, which could materially affect the amount of gross profit margin in the open market; </li></ul><ul><li>the adjusted price arrived at under above step is taken to be an arm’s length price in respect of the purchase of the property or obtaining of the services by the enterprise from the associated enterprise. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  25. 25. January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax Cost Plus Method
  26. 26. Cost Plus method <ul><li>Steps for CP Method </li></ul><ul><li>the direct and indirect costs of production incurred by the enterprise in respect of property transferred or services provided to an associated enterprise, are determined; </li></ul><ul><li>the amount of a normal gross profit mark-up to such costs (computed according to the same accounting norms) arising from the transfer or provision of the same or similar property or services by the enterprise, or by an unrelated enterprise, in a comparable uncontrolled transaction, or a number of such transactions, is determined; </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  27. 27. Cost Plus method <ul><li>Steps for CP Method </li></ul><ul><li>the normal gross profit mark-up referred to in above step is adjusted to take into account the functional and other differences, if any, between the international transaction and the comparable uncontrolled transactions, or between the enterprises entering into such transactions, which could materially affect such profit mark-up in the open market; </li></ul><ul><li>the costs referred to in bullet 1 are increased by the adjusted profit mark-up arrived at under bullet 3 ; </li></ul><ul><li>the sum so arrived at is taken to be an arm’s length price in relation to the supply of the property or provision of services by the enterprise. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  28. 28. January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax Profit Split Method
  29. 29. Profit split method <ul><li>This method is applicable mainly in international transactions involving transfer of unique intangibles or in multiple international transactions which are so interrelated that they cannot be evaluated separately for the purpose of determining the arm’s length price of any one transaction. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  30. 30. Profit Split Method - Steps <ul><li>The combined net profit of the associated enterprises arising from the international transaction in which they are engaged, is determined; </li></ul><ul><li>The relative contribution made by each of the associated enterprises to the earning of such combined net profit, is then evaluated on the basis of the functions performed, assets employed or to be employed and risks assumed by each enterprise and on the basis of reliable external market data which indicates how such contribution would be evaluated by unrelated enterprises performing comparable functions in similar circumstances; </li></ul><ul><li>The combined net profit is then split amongst the enterprises in proportion to their relative contributions, </li></ul><ul><li>The profit thus apportioned to the assessee is taken into account to arrive at an arm’s length price in relation to the international transaction : </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  31. 31. Profit Split - Steps <ul><li>However, the combined net profit may, in the first instance, be partially allocated to each enterprise so as to provide it with a basic return appropriate for the type of international transaction in which it is engaged, with reference to market returns achieved for similar types of transactions by independent enterprises, and </li></ul><ul><li>thereafter, the residual net profit remaining after such allocation may be split amongst the enterprises in proportion to their relative contribution, and </li></ul><ul><li>in such a case the aggregate of the net profit allocated to the enterprise in the first instance together with the residual net profit apportioned to that enterprise on the basis of its relative contribution shall be taken to be the net profit arising to that enterprise from the international transaction. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  32. 32. January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax Transactional Net Margin Method
  33. 33. Transactional Net Margin Method (TNMM) – Steps <ul><li>a. the net profit margin realised by the enterprise from an international transaction entered into with an associated enterprise is computed in relation to costs incurred or sales effected or assets employed or to be employed by the enterprise or having regard to any other relevant base; </li></ul><ul><li>b. the net profit margin realised by the enterprise or by an unrelated enterprise from a comparable uncontrolled transaction or a number of such transactions is computed having regard to the same base; </li></ul><ul><li>c. the net profit margin referred to in (b) (above) arising in comparable uncontrolled transactions is adjusted to take into account the differences, if any, between the international transaction and the comparable uncontrolled transactions, or between the enterprises entering into such transactions, which could materially affect the amount of net profit margin in the open market; </li></ul><ul><li>d. the net profit margin realised by the enterprise and referred to in (a) (above) is established to be the same as the net profit margin referred to in (c) (above); </li></ul><ul><li>e. the net profit margin thus established is then taken into account to arrive at an arm’s length price in relation to the international transaction. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  34. 34. Comparability of Transactions - Basis <ul><li>a. the specific characteristics of the property or services transfe in either transaction; </li></ul><ul><li>b. the functions performed, taking into account assets employed or to be employed and the risks assumed, by the respective parties to the transactions; </li></ul><ul><li>c. the contractual terms (whether or not such terms are formal or in writing) of the transactions which lay down explicitly or implicitly how the responsibilities, risks and benefits are to be divided between the respective parties to the transactions; </li></ul><ul><li>d. conditions prevailing in the markets in which the respective parties to the transactions operate, including the geographical location and size of the markets, costs of labour and capital in the markets, overall economic development and level of competition and whether the markets are wholesale or retail. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  35. 35. When two transactions are deemed to be comparable <ul><li>An uncontrolled transaction shall be comparable to an international transactions, if— </li></ul><ul><ul><li>none of the differences (if any) between the transactions being compared, or between the enterprises entering into such transaction, are likely to materially affect the price or cost charged or paid in, or the profit arising from, such transactions in the open market; or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reasonably accurate adjustments can be made to eliminate the material effects of such differences. </li></ul></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  36. 36. Which data to be considered? <ul><li>The data to be used in analysing the comparability of an uncontrolled transaction with an international transaction shall be the data relating to the financial year in which the international transaction has been entered into. </li></ul><ul><li>However, the data relating to a period (not being more than two years prior to such financial year) may also be considered if such data reveals facts which could have an influence on the determination of transfer prices in relation to the transactions being compared. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  37. 37. January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax Most Appropriate Method
  38. 38. Most appropriate method <ul><li>According to section 92C(1), the arm’s length price shall be determined having regard to the most appropriate method. </li></ul><ul><li>The most appropriate method shall be the method which is best suited to the facts and circumstances of each particular transaction, and which provides the most reliable measure of an arm’s length price in relation to an international transaction. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  39. 39. Factors to decide most appropriate method <ul><li>the nature and class of the international transaction; </li></ul><ul><li>the class or classes of associated enterprises entering into the transaction and the functions performed by them taking into consideration assets employed or risk assumed; </li></ul><ul><li>the availability, coverage and reliability of data necessary for application of the method; </li></ul><ul><li>the degree of comparability existing between the international transaction and the uncontrolled transaction and between the enterprises entering into such transactions; </li></ul><ul><li>the extent to which reliable and accurate adjustments can be made to account for differences, if any, between the transactions being compared and the enterprises entering into such transactions; </li></ul><ul><li>the nature, extent and reliability of assumptions required to be made in application of a method. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  40. 40. Prescribed More Appropriate methods <ul><li>More appropriate methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the comparable uncontrolled price method, or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the resale price method or the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cost plus method </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Only in exceptional cases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>profit split method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>transactional net margin method. </li></ul></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  41. 41. Mean of arms length price <ul><li>With a view to allow a degree of flexibility in adopting an arm’s length price, it is provided that where the most appropriate method results in more than one price, a price which differs from the arithmetical mean by an amount not exceeding 5 per cent of such mean may be taken to be the arm’s length price at the option of the assessee. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  42. 42. January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax Determination of Arm's Length Price by Assessiong Officer
  43. 43. Section 92C(3) – Determination of Arm’s Length Price by Assessing Officer <ul><li>Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>There is a proceeding for assessment of income. </li></ul><ul><li>The Assessing Officer has material or information or document in his possession. </li></ul><ul><li>On the basis of such material or information or document, the Assessing Officer is of the ‘opinion’ that the— </li></ul><ul><ul><li>arm’s length price charged or paid in an international transaction has not been determined in accordance with sub-section (1) or (2) of section 92C; or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assessee has not kept the prescribed information and document relating to an international transaction; or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information or data used for consulting the arm’s length price is not reliable or correct; or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assessee has failed to furnish, within the time specified any information or document which was required to be furnished by the Assessing Officer </li></ul></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  44. 44. Opportunity of being heard <ul><li>According to proviso to section 92C(3) an opportunity shall be given by the Assessing Officer by serving a notice calling upon the assessee to show cause, why the arm’s length price should not be so determined on the basis of material or information or document in the possession of the Assessing Officer. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  45. 45. Adjustment to Total Income <ul><li>The Assessing Officer may compute the total income of the assessee having regard to arm’s length price determined under section 92C(3). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However, the Assessing Officer shall not make any adjustment to the arm’s length price determined by the taxpayer, if such price is up to 5 per cent less or up to 5 per cent more than the price determined by the Assessing Officer. In such cases, the price declared by the taxpayer may be accepted— Circular No. 12/2001, dated August 23, 2001. </li></ul></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  46. 46. Deductions & Exemptions <ul><li>The Assessing Officer is empowered to recompute the total income of the assessee having regard to the arm’s length price. </li></ul><ul><li>If the total income is enhanced, no deduction under sections 10A, 10B, or under Chapter VIA would be allowed. </li></ul><ul><li>The Assessing Officer is required to provide the assessee with a copy of reasons supporting the inference drawn while computing the arm’s length price for the transaction </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  47. 47. Section 92C(3) cannot result in reduction of Income <ul><li>The provisions of transfer pricing shall not be applicable in a case where the application of arm’s length price results in a downward revision in the income chargeable to tax in India computed on the basis of entries made in the books of account of the previous year in which the international transaction was entered. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  48. 48. Whether re-computation affects other Associated Enterprise <ul><li>Total income of the recipient associated enterprise will not be recomputed if total income of payer (associated enterprise) is recomputed by the Assessing Officer on determination of arm’s length price. </li></ul><ul><li>While on determination of arm’s length price (if arm’s length price is less than the contracted price), the income of the payer enterprise will increase on account of decrease in the amount of allowable expenditure but the income of the recipient enterprise cannot be accordingly reduced by such amount of contracted price which is in excess of the amount of arm’s length price. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  49. 49. Reference to Transfer Pricing officer (TPO) <ul><li>The Assessing Officer may refer the computation of arm’s length price under section 92C to Transfer Pricing Officer (TPO) if he considers it necessary and expedient and an approval of the Commissioner has been obtained. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Transfer Pricing Officer” means a Joint Commissioner or Deputy Commissioner or Assistant Commissioner, authorised by the Board to perform all or any of the functions of an Assessing Officer specified in sections 92C and 92D in respect of any person or class of persons. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  50. 50. Proceedings before TPO <ul><li>Transfer Pricing Officer shall serve a notice to the assessee requiring him to produce (or cause to be produced) on a specified date any evidence which the assessee may rely in support of the computation made by him of the arm’s length price in relation to the international transaction. </li></ul><ul><li>However, Assessing Officer referring the case to the Transfer Pricing Officer is not required to provide any reasons or basis for referring the case to the assessee. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  51. 51. Passing of TP Order <ul><li>After hearing the assessee and the evidence produced by him and after considering the evidence as the Transfer Pricing Officer may require on any specified points and after taking into account all relevant materials which he has gathered, the Transfer Pricing Officer shall by order in writing determine the arm’s length price in relation to the international transaction in accordance with provisions of section 92C(3) and send a copy of his order to the Assessing Officer and to the assessee. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  52. 52. AO’s action after receiving the order <ul><li>On receipt of the order, the Assessing Officer shall proceed to compute the total income of the assessee under section 92C(3) in confirmity with the arm’s length price determined by the Transfer Pricing Officer. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not incumbent upon the Assessing Officer to compute the arm’s length price as per the computation made by the Transfer Pricing Officer for each and every international transactions. Juggilal Kamlapat Bankers v. WTO [1984] 145 ITR 485 (SC). </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  53. 53. Maintenance of books of account [Sec. 92D] <ul><li>a description of the ownership structure of the assessee enterprise with details of shares or other ownership interest held by other enterprises; </li></ul><ul><li>a profile of the multinational group of which the assessee enterprise is a part along with the name, address, legal status and country of tax residence of each of the enterprises comprised in the group with whom international transactions have been entered into by the assessee, and ownership linkages among them; </li></ul><ul><li>a broad description of the business of the assessee and the industry in which the assessee operates, and of the business of the associated enterprises with whom the assessee has transacted; </li></ul><ul><li>the nature and terms (including prices) of international transactions entered into with each associated enterprise, details of property transferred or services provided and the quantum and the value of each such transaction or class of such transaction; </li></ul><ul><li>a description of the functions performed, risks assumed and assets employed or to be employed by the assessee and by the associated enterprises involved in the international transaction; </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  54. 54. Maintenance of books of account [Sec. 92D] <ul><li>a record of the economic and market analyses, forecasts, budgets or any other financial estimates prepared by the assessee for the business as a whole and for each division or product separately, which may have a bearing on the international transactions entered into by the assessee; </li></ul><ul><li>a record of uncontrolled transactions taken into account for analysing their comparability with the international transactions entered into, including a record of the nature, terms and conditions relating to any uncontrolled transaction with third parties which may be of relevance to the pricing of the international transactions; </li></ul><ul><li>a record of the analysis performed to evaluate comparability of uncontrolled transactions with the relevant international transaction; </li></ul><ul><li>a description of the methods considered for determining the arm’s length price in relation to each international transaction or class of transaction, the method selected as the most appropriate method along with explanations as to why such method was so selected, and how such method was applied in each case; </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  55. 55. Maintenance of books of account [Sec. 92D] <ul><li>a record of the actual working carried out for determining the arm’s length price, including details of the comparable data and financial information used in applying the most appropriate method, and adjustments, if any, which were made to account for differences between the international transaction and the comparable uncontrolled transactions, or between the enterprises entering into such transactions; </li></ul><ul><li>the assumptions, policies and price negotiations, if any, which have critically affected the determination of the arm’s length price; </li></ul><ul><li>details of the adjustments, if any, made to transfer prices to align them with arm’s length prices determined under these rules and consequent adjustment made to the total income for tax purposes; </li></ul><ul><li>any other information, data or document, including information or data relating to the associated enterprise, which may be relevant for determination of the arm’s length price. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  56. 56. When should the information be available <ul><li>The information specified above should be available by the due date of submission of return of income. In a case where the aggregate value of international transactions entered into by the assessee does not exceed Rs.1 crore, the information and documents specified above may not be maintained. </li></ul><ul><li>However, such assessee shall be required to substantiate, on the basis of material available with him, that income arising from international transactions entered into by him has been computed in accordance with section 92. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  57. 57. Period for which information should be maintained <ul><li>The information and documents shall be kept and maintained for a period of 8 years from the end of the relevant assessment year. </li></ul><ul><li>Where an international transaction continues to have effect over more than one previous year, fresh documentation need not be maintained separately in respect of each previous year, unless there is any significant change in the nature or terms of the international transaction in the assumption made or in any other factor and in case of such significant change, fresh documentation as may be necessary shall be maintained detailing the impact of the change on pricing of the international transaction. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  58. 58. Report from Accountant <ul><li>The report from an accountant which is required to be furnished under section 92E by every person who has entered into an international transaction during the previous year shall be in Form No. 3CEB and be verified in the manner indicated therein. </li></ul><ul><li>It shall be furnished before the due date of submission of return of income. </li></ul>January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax
  59. 59. January 23, 2012 CA Final - Income tax Thank You

×