Thesis STATEMENT Though the cause of leukemia is still unknown, with new research and technology, many leukemia victims are surviving longer and are healthier than ever before.
What is leukemia? Leukemia is a type of cancer that occurs in blood forming tissues, such as the bone marrow and the lymphatic system. This cancer starts in the white blood cells The word “leuk” means white in Greek www.uiowa.edu/~cemrf/archive/sem/large/ Silverstein, Alvin, Virginia Silverstein, and Laura Silverstein Nunn.
General information The body has three different types of cells Red blood cells White Blood cells Platelets Red blood cells. http://www.flickr.com/photos/soulundone/3272901942/ (Silverstein)
Not known exactly Abnormal chromosomes Myelodysplasia Environmental factors Pollution Household chemicals Benzene and petroleum containing products “few studies have examined the association between home use of solvents and the risk of childhood leukemia.” Results: “ALL risk was significantly associated with paint exposure.” (Scelo, Ghislaine)( 133-139) Causes and Risk Factors
Causes Cont’d Exposure to radiation and certain chemicals Genetics Cancer therapy This is a rare and unfortunate risk , but it is certainly possible Scelo, 133-139.
Symptoms Fever and chills Frequent infections Loss of appetite Swollen lymph nodes Enlarged liver or spleen Shortness of breath Petechaie Tiny red spots on the skin Bruising and bleeding very easily Pain in the bones Lots of sweating, mainly at night. (Ball, Edward D, and Gregory A Lelek)
When to find medical advice When common symptoms start to show more frequently and do not go away May want to see your family doctor or oncologist (Ball, Edward D, and Gregory A Lelek)
Influences of Treatments Based on the type of leukemia Present in cerebrospinal fluid Treated before? Features of leukemia cells Patients symptoms and health (Ball, Edward D, and Gregory A Lelek)
Leukemia & chemotherapy Single drug or combination of two or more drugs Can be given by Mouth Injection into vein Catheter Inject directly into cerebrospinal fluid Inject straight into spine worldofcure.com (Silverstein)
Leukemia & radiation therapy Radiation therapy high energy rays kills cancer cells Large machine rays are directed at body part There are side effects to this treatment! (Silverstein) http://www.ottawahospital.on.ca/sc/cancer/img/linac2.jpg
Bone marrow transplant Replaces abnormal stem cells High doses of chemo and radiation destroy bone marrow http://www.adventisthealthcare.com/adam/graphics/images/en/12665.jpg Silverstein, Alvin, Virginia Silverstein, and Laura Silverstein Nunn.
Living With Leukemia Challenging Support groups Depression Financial tensions Worrying about family Apel
Support The American Cancer Society American Cancer Society
Children With Leukemia Each year about 2000 children in the United States are diagnosed with Leukemia. Two main types of leukemia in children Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) (Insert picture here) Belson, Martin, Beverely Kingsley, and Adrianne Holmes.
Children with leukemia Cont’d Childhood (ALL) risk factors Sibling with leukemia Caucasian or Hispanic Exposed to radiation (Picture goes here) Belson, Martin, Beverely Kingsley, and Adrianne Holmes.