Dan Gillmor (2006) Andrew Keen (2007) Year 13Monday 26th March 2012
Julian Assange What did you find out? What did you question? What is your opinion?
Objectives By the end of the lesson you should have; Understood Keen’s theory and views Understood Gillmor’s theory and views Applied and challenged the theory through class discussion and/or debate Research and Present your case studies
Starter Where do you/your parents learn about the news? Where do they get their sources from?
The evolution 1945: People gathered around radios 1963: Kennedy’s death via TV (earlier newspapers and magazines) Sep 11 2001: News 24, internet 21st Century: Blogs, IM, Chat, internet on phones Gillmor
We the Media: Grassrootsjournalism, by the people for thepeople ‘Journalism transformation from a twentieth century mass-media structure to something profoundly more grassroots and democratic.’ (Gillmor)
The Cult of the AmateurAndrew Keen ‘There will be over five hundreds million blogs by 2010, collectively corrupting and confusing popular opinion about everything from politics, to commerce to arts and culture. Blogs have become so dizzyingly infinite that they’ve undermined our sense of what is true and false...’
Not everyone is a journalist‘...these days kids can’t tell the difference between credible news by objective professional journalists and what they read on joeshmoe.blogspot.com...posting is just another person’s version of the truth; every fiction is just another person’s version of the facts.’ (Keen)
Regular people are Journalists‘...news was being produces by regular people who had something to say and show, and not solely by the “official” news organisations that had traditionally decided how the first draft of history would look. The first draft was being written, in part, by the former audience. It was possible – it was inevitable – because of the internet.’ (Gillmor)
What are we Talking about?‘...the internet has become a mirror to ourselves. Rather than using it to seek news, information, or culture, we use it to actually BE the news, the information, the culture.’ (Keen)
The BIG Media ‘...treated the news as a lecture. We told you what the news was. You brought it in, or you didn’t.’ ‘Tomorrow’s news reporting and production will be more of a conversation, or a seminar.’ (Gillmor)
Anti-BIG Media Julian Assage Noam Chomsky John Pilger Charlie Brooker
Today Is it just the ‘BIG media’ that sources our news now? Think about where you get your information from? Where do you read about the news?
The 3 Major Constituencies Journalists Accuracy and fairness Important Shape larger conversations Gather facts and report them Newsmakers Rich and powerful discovering new vulnerabilities New ways to get out their messages Allies (politics) The former audience Once the consumers Helping create a massive conversation Grassroots becoming professionals More voices and more options Gillmor
The Big media Aim: to make high profit Greed Readers and advertisements Care more for advertisements than quality journalism Who will do big investigations Pay expensive lawyers Expose But is anarchy a solution to good news? Gillmor
Big brother The government censors all information Politians shut off information that the public need to know. Is the grassroots journalism information tracked? Gillmor
Who’s democracy? ‘a rather narrow and very privileged slice of polity – those who are educated enough to take part in the wired conversation, who have the technical skills, who are affluent enough to have the time and equipment .’ Tim Stites Gillmor
We are MonkeysWe are just monkeys to the neo digital world. Dancing to the world of the internet.‘What is more disgusting that the fact that millions of us willingly tune in to (youtube) such nonsense each day is that some Web sites are making monkeys out of us without our even knowing it.’ (Keen)
Is it Democratic?‘The rise of the citizen-journalist will help us listen. The ability of anyone to make the news will give new voice to people who’ve felt voiceless – and those words we need to hear. They are showing all of us – citizen, journalist, newsmaker-new ways of talking, of learning.’ (Gillmor)
Is it Democratic?Keen calls it ‘collective intelligence’e.g. Google, the results it gives you is the sites which have been clicked on the most‘...ninety million questions we collectively ask google each day; in other words, it just tells us what we already know.’ (Keen)So what new knowledge/wisdom are we really acquiring?
Discussion Has new technology made the media more democratic?
Case study Have a look at various news sources Online ‘BIG media’ newspapers Online Blogs Examples to compare (non BIG media) The new significance Media Lens Wiki Leaks Z Net The Progressive (.org) The New significance How is the news content different? Whose voice is heard? What issues do they talk about? How accurate is the news source?