Learning theory Powerpoint


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My learning theory powerpoint for EME2040

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Learning theory Powerpoint

  1. 1. By: DanielleCONSTRUCTIVISM
  2. 2.  The Constructivist learning theory is, “based on a type of learning in which the learner forms, or constructs, much of what he or she learns or comprehends.” according to the textbook Teachers Discovering Computers.  Basically, it’s when the students and the teachers work together to create lessons instead of just the teacher. WHAT IS CONSTRUCTIVISM?
  3. 3.  Jean Piaget: He saw and defined the 4 cognitive stages in children.  Jerome Bruner: A psychologist and an educator who believed that even very young children could learn anything as long as the instruction was clear and organized.  John Dewey: Known for being a part of the progressive education movement and “argued that curriculum should be relevant to students' lives”.  Lev Vygotsky: Developed social cognition and the Zone of Proximal Development. IMPORTANT CONSTRUCTIVISTS
  4. 4.  The 4 cognitive stages are sensorimotor (0-2 years old), preoperational (2-7), concrete operational (7-12), and formal operational (12-adulthood).  “Learning is an active process in which the learner uses sensory input and constructs meaning out of it.” -Prof. George E. Hein  The Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) is important because according to Vygotsky, “cognitive development stems from social interactions from guided learning within the zone of proximal development as children and their partners co-construct knowledge.” KEY POINTS OF CONSTRUCTIVISM
  5. 5.  The teacher is still in charge under the constructivist theory.  When using ZPD, the teacher “is responsible for structuring interactions and developing instruction in small steps based on tasks the learner is already capable of performing independently.”  This technique is also known as scaffolding where the teacher is more of a guide through learning than just telling students what to do.  “Constructivist teachers encourage students to constantly assess how the activity is helping them gain understanding.” WHAT DOES THE TEACHER DO?
  6. 6.  “By questioning themselves and their strategies, students in the constructivist classroom ideally become "expert learners.”  The students use real-world problems and experiments to help themselves better understand certain thoughts or ideas they are learning in class.  The student learns based on what they already know, so they will waste no time with concepts they already understand; thus, leading to a more efficient learning environment. WHAT DOES THE STUDENT DO?
  7. 7.  I think the constructivist theory would be effective in a classroom and I would probably incorporate elements of it into my curriculum.  However, I feel as though it would be harder to actually put into practice because of all the standards and FCAT I would have to deal with. I would also have to find time to incorporate my students’ wants and needs education wise along with having to teach certain things at certain points during the year.  I think that it’s important to take into account the needs and the different levels of knowledge each student has and learn how to teach to everyone so that no one is lost. That is why I like the constructivist theory because the teacher and the students work together to make a better and more effective lesson plan. MY THOUGHTS ON CONSTRUCTIVISM
  8. 8.  Slide 2 quote: Teachers Discovering Computer: Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom. By Shelly, Gunter, and Gunter.  Slide 2 picture: http://www.eyecomassistivetech.com/assistive- tech-in-education/what-should-be-in-my-childs-iep-part-2/  Slide 3 quote: https://www.pbs.org/onlyateacher/john.html  Slide 4 quote: http://www.exploratorium.edu/ifi/resources/constructivistlearni ng.html  Second Slide 4 quote: http://www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html  Slide 5 quote: http://www.learnnc.org/lp/pages/5075  Second Slide 5 quote and Slide 6 quote: http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2class/constructivism / CREDITS