The Constructivist learning theory is, “based on a type of
learning in which the learner forms, or constructs, much
of what he or she learns or comprehends.” according to
the textbook Teachers Discovering Computers.
Basically, it’s when the students and the teachers work
together to create lessons instead of just the teacher.
WHAT IS CONSTRUCTIVISM?
Jean Piaget: He saw and defined the 4 cognitive
stages in children.
Jerome Bruner: A psychologist and an educator who
believed that even very young children could learn
anything as long as the instruction was clear and
John Dewey: Known for being a part of the
progressive education movement and “argued that
curriculum should be relevant to students' lives”.
Lev Vygotsky: Developed social cognition and the
Zone of Proximal Development.
The 4 cognitive stages are sensorimotor (0-2 years old),
preoperational (2-7), concrete operational (7-12), and
formal operational (12-adulthood).
“Learning is an active process in which the learner uses
sensory input and constructs meaning out of it.” -Prof.
George E. Hein
The Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) is important
because according to Vygotsky, “cognitive development
stems from social interactions from guided learning
within the zone of proximal development as children and
their partners co-construct knowledge.”
KEY POINTS OF CONSTRUCTIVISM
The teacher is still in charge under the constructivist theory.
When using ZPD, the teacher “is responsible for structuring
interactions and developing instruction in small steps based
on tasks the learner is already capable of performing
This technique is also known as scaffolding where the teacher
is more of a guide through learning than just telling students
what to do.
“Constructivist teachers encourage students to constantly
assess how the activity is helping them gain understanding.”
WHAT DOES THE TEACHER DO?
“By questioning themselves and their strategies, students in
the constructivist classroom ideally become "expert learners.”
The students use real-world problems and experiments to help
themselves better understand certain thoughts or ideas they
are learning in class.
The student learns based on what they
already know, so they will waste no time with
concepts they already understand; thus,
leading to a more efficient learning
WHAT DOES THE STUDENT DO?
I think the constructivist theory would be effective in a
classroom and I would probably incorporate elements of it
into my curriculum.
However, I feel as though it would be harder to actually put
into practice because of all the standards and FCAT I would
have to deal with. I would also have to find time to
incorporate my students’ wants and needs education wise
along with having to teach certain things at certain points
during the year.
I think that it’s important to take into account the needs and
the different levels of knowledge each student has and learn
how to teach to everyone so that no one is lost. That is why I
like the constructivist theory because the teacher and the
students work together to make a better and more effective
MY THOUGHTS ON CONSTRUCTIVISM
Slide 2 quote: Teachers Discovering Computer: Integrating
Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom. By Shelly,
Gunter, and Gunter.
Slide 2 picture: http://www.eyecomassistivetech.com/assistive-
Slide 3 quote: https://www.pbs.org/onlyateacher/john.html
Slide 4 quote:
Second Slide 4 quote:
Slide 5 quote: http://www.learnnc.org/lp/pages/5075
Second Slide 5 quote and Slide 6 quote: