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29 05-09 dalj necak croatia presentation

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29.05.09. Dalj necak croatia presentation

29.05.09. Dalj necak croatia presentation

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  • Referring to these lines, I would say that it is an imperative to break that strong correlation between growth (usually expressed as GDP per capita) and energy consumption or CO 2 emission. For a moment the factor between these two variables (GDP vs .CO 2 ) is 1 in Croatia, which is unsustainable in the longer run. Croatia has finally ratified the Kyoto protocol last month after four years of negotiations, mainly about the GHG emission level in the base year. By doing that Croatia has taken obligation to reduce its overall GHG emissions by at least 5% below the 1990 level during the commitment period 2008-2012. In order to reach that goal Croatia will have to implement different cost-effective measures such as: use of renewable energy sources, basically wind power, biomass, solar energy; Increase of energy efficiency in industry, service and building sector together with use of high-efficient cogeneration. The good news is that the Ministry of economy and UNDP Croatia have started work on the Master plan of energy efficiency of the Republic of Croatia in which the main goal is energy end use saving of 9% by 2016; also recently, with the Ordinance on the percentage of biofuels in total fuels and the quantity of biofuels that should be put in domestic market in 2007 the Government prescribed that 0.9% of the total energy consumption should be replaced by biofuels which equals 22,000 tons of biodiesel (or other biofuels respectively). The goal is to have 5.75% of biofuels by 2010. Of course other environmentally friendly fuels are also welcome like compressed natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas.
  • Referring to these lines, I would say that it is an imperative to break that strong correlation between growth (usually expressed as GDP per capita) and energy consumption or CO 2 emission. For a moment the factor between these two variables (GDP vs .CO 2 ) is 1 in Croatia, which is unsustainable in the longer run. Croatia has finally ratified the Kyoto protocol last month after four years of negotiations, mainly about the GHG emission level in the base year. By doing that Croatia has taken obligation to reduce its overall GHG emissions by at least 5% below the 1990 level during the commitment period 2008-2012. In order to reach that goal Croatia will have to implement different cost-effective measures such as: use of renewable energy sources, basically wind power, biomass, solar energy; Increase of energy efficiency in industry, service and building sector together with use of high-efficient cogeneration. The good news is that the Ministry of economy and UNDP Croatia have started work on the Master plan of energy efficiency of the Republic of Croatia in which the main goal is energy end use saving of 9% by 2016; also recently, with the Ordinance on the percentage of biofuels in total fuels and the quantity of biofuels that should be put in domestic market in 2007 the Government prescribed that 0.9% of the total energy consumption should be replaced by biofuels which equals 22,000 tons of biodiesel (or other biofuels respectively). The goal is to have 5.75% of biofuels by 2010. Of course other environmentally friendly fuels are also welcome like compressed natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas.
  • Referring to these lines, I would say that it is an imperative to break that strong correlation between growth (usually expressed as GDP per capita) and energy consumption or CO 2 emission. For a moment the factor between these two variables (GDP vs .CO 2 ) is 1 in Croatia, which is unsustainable in the longer run.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Ministry of Environmental Protection, Physical Planning And Construction
      • CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION IN CROATIA
      • - MEASURES IN LINE WITH EU POLICY AND STRATEGY WITH VIEW TO 2030
      • Dalj, 29 May 2009
      • Jasenka Nećak
      • Head of Sector for Atmosphere, Sea and Soil
      • www.mzopu.hr
    • 2. Climate Change UNFCCC CONVENTION The issue of changes in the Earth’s climate is considered a predominant environmental concern of the 21 st century The issue of climate change at t he global level is addressed by the UNFCC Convention, accepted at the Rio de Janeiro Summit in 1992 The basic principle of the UNFCCC: “ The Parties should protect the climate system for the benefit of present and future generations of humankind, on the basis of equity and in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities.” Today - 190 Parties have ratified UNFCCC
    • 3.  
    • 4.
      • REPUBLIC of CROATIA is a Party to UNFCCC from 1996
      • and as a country with economy in transition assumed the scope of its obligations under Annex I to the UNFCCC
    • 5. Climate Change impacts in Croatia
        • Croatia is a country that is particularly vulnerable to the impact of climate change due to its 5800 km long coastline with 1185 islands, its fragile agriculture and forestry wit h their social and economic significance.
        • There is also potential influence on hydrology, water resources, mainla n d and coastal ecosystems.
        • Therefore, Croatia has cause for concern and is motivated to take an active part in international efforts aimed at f inding practical solutions to climate change.
        • EXMP.
        • Sea level increase would bring about salinisation of freshwater sources on the coast and sea water infiltration in the Neretva area, jeopardising fruit and vegetable production .
    • 6.
      • KYOTO PROTOCOL
      • Croatia ratified the Kyoto P rotocol in April 2007 and became a Party on 28th August 2007.
      • .
      • By doing that Croatia has taken obligation to reduce its overall GHG emissions by at least 5% below the 1990 level during the commitment period 2008-2012.
      • In order to reach that goal Croatia will have to implement different cost-effective measures .
        • Croatia is an EU candidate country and transposed the Acquis in the field of Climate C hange.
      Climate Change
    • 7. GHG Emission Inventory Reporting Energy Sector: CO2 emission by energy subsectors for period 1990.-2004. (Gg CO2) GHG emissions and removals in Croatia by sectors, 1990.-2004.(Gg CO2-eq)
    • 8. Strategy and Action Plan for Climate Change in Croatia
      • S TRATEGY SHORT-TERM OBJECTIVE BY 2012:
      • to restrain the rise in GHG emissions in the period 2008-2012 in order to reduce the overall emission of such gases by at least 5 per cent below the base year level.
      • Individual objectives set for the period by 2012 are as follows:
      • establishment necessary organizational and administrative capacities
      • transposition of the EU acquis in the field of climate change
      • integration of the climate change policy into sectoral strategies and programmes
      • establishment of a research and development programme on CC issues
    • 9. Strategy and Action Plan for Climate Change in Croatia, cont.
      • The main categories of measures are:
      • Use of renewable energy sources
      • Energy efficiency improvement in generation, transmission and consumption of energy
      • Use of low-carbon fuels, particularly natural gas
      • Measures in industrial processes, where cost-effective
      • Waste management measures
      • Specific priority measures are:
      • Use of wind power plants
      • Use of biomass for heat generation
      • Improvement of insulation and energy efficiency in building construction
      • Use of biomass in cogeneration plants
      • Use of biodiesel and other biofuels in transport
      • THESE MEASURES HAVE BEEN GIVEN PRIORITY FROM THE ASPECT OF DEVELOPMENT BENEFITS, FEASIBILITY AND CONTRIBUTION TO OBJECTIVES OF ABATING CC
    • 10. Scenario for 2012 with projections till 2020 "No measures" scenario "With measures" scenario base year Kyoto target (base year x 0.95)
    • 11. Emission reduction by sectors in respect to Kyoto target, in 2010 Kyoto target Industry –processes Waste Management Other Transport Public buildings Households Fuel combustion – Industry Power plants
    • 12. Emission reduction due to energy efficiency (EE) and renewable energy sources (RES) in 2010 Kyoto target Other Renewables Energy Efficiency
    • 13. Potential Renewable Energy Sources in Croatia *Ministry of Economy, Labour and Entrepreneurship
    • 14. Emission Reduction Measures and Implementing Instruments Energy production sector
      • Indicative targets to 2010 are:
      • - 400 MW wind power plants
      • 4 0 MW biomass power plants
      • 8 0 MW new cogeneration - industry
      • - 12% energy efficiency increase in oil refining
      Industry sector
      • Main indicative targets to 2010:
      • - 1% annual energy efficiency increase
      • 40 MW biomass cogeneration
      • 400 GWh cogeneration
      • 20% fossil fuels in cement industry
      • substituted by biodegradable waste
      Transport
      • Some indicative targets to 2010:
      • 5.75% of total energy consumption replaced
      • by biodiesel and other biofuels
      • 20% vehicles with fuel consumption below
      • 5 l/100 km
      • biofuels in public transport
      • bicycle tracks and supporting infrastructure
      • in every community
      Households and Services sector
      • Some indicative targets to 2010:
      • - New buildings with heat losses < 100
      • k Wh/(m 2 /y ear )
      • On 30,000 apartments annually apply
      • measures for heat losses reduction
      • Every household in Croatia at least two
      • fluorescent bulbs
      • 90% of new domestic appliances of the highest
      • EE class ( A++, A+, A)
      • 5,000 m 2 solar system annually for hot water
      • and heating
      • In 5,000 households annually substitute fuel oil
      • with woody biomass
      • In service sector EE increase 1% annually
      • In service sector 20 MW capacity in solar and
      • geothermal sources
    • 15. Industry - processes
      • Specific targets to 2010:
      • N 2 O reduction in nitric acid industry
      • Reduction of c linker amount in cement
      • production
      Waste Management
      • Specific targets to 2010:
      • - Obligatory methane incineration on flare
      • - At least one great MSW power plant
      • Biodegradable waste combustion in cement
      • industry (substitute 20% of fossil fuels)
      Agriculture
      • Targets to 2012:
      • 90,000-100,000 ha rape seed and other oil
      • seeds
      • structural changes in agriculture,
      • enlargement and modernization increase
      • yield , with more organic supplements
      Forestry
      • Main targets:
      • - Sustainable forest management
      • Decision on applying Article 3.4 Kyoto
      • Protocol (forests as sink)
      • Recovery and new planting of forests
    • 16.
      • Climate Change mitigation
      • Decrease of dependency on fossil fuels. Annual savings are 1 million toe of fossil fuel, mostly oil, then coal and natural gas
      • Decrease of vulnerability of economy on sudden peaks in oil prices
      • Security of supply due to greater diversification of energy sources and decrease of dependency on import
      • New possibilities for entrepreneurship and employment
      • Reduction of pollutant emissions harmful for human health and eco-systems
      • Reduction of SO 2 in 2010 for 8500 t/year ( 11% reduction ), NO X for 5000 t/year ( 6,8% reduction ) and particles for 250 t/year.
      Benefits of Emission Reduction Measures
    • 17. POST KYOTO OBJECTIVES
      • LONG TERM OBJECTIVES AFTER 2012:
      • Economy needs to be oriented towards activities with the lowest possible carbon consumption.
      • The Strategy sets the long-term goal of keeping emissions at the level below base-year emissions. With the measures identified today, whose effectiveness will be evident only in 3 to 5 years' time, it is feasible for Croatia to achieve by 2020, after an emission increase trend, stabilisation of its emissions at a level below base-year emissions.
      • An increased presence of measures related to the use of renewable energy sources as well as energy efficiency is anticipated. A larger contribution of measures in the transport sector is particularly expected, whereas emission reduction in agriculture is still not expected.
      • There are significant reserves contained in the potential extensive implementation of measures in forestry through afforestation (new forests), CO2 sinks in the subsurface layers, and use of nuclear energy. Only through the implementation of these additional measures it is possible to seriously consider emission reduction in the range of 10 – 20 % as compared to the base year.
    • 18. Sustainable scenario - final energy consumption
    • 19. Main measures (to 2030)
      • Renewables
        • 36 % RES in electricity
      • Energy efficiency
        • 10 % RES in land transport
        • 20 % RES for heating and cooling
      • Connection to EU ETS and use of other flexible mechanisms
      • EOR (enhanced oil recovery)
      • CCS on new coal power plants, if A v ai lable after year 2020
      • Nuclear energy after in 2024
      • Measures in process industry (cement, lime, nitric acid, glass)
      • Waste management (decrease of waste, energy recovery, landfill gas flaring)
    • 20. Total GHG projections to 2030
    • 21. VE Krtolin – 11,95 MWe (coastal area) VE island Pag – 5,95 MWe Thank you for your attention !

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