Visual Dictionary Half 2- course/downspout

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  • 1. Framing Elements (contd.) Sheathing #11 Rafter Ceiling joist #9 #8 Roof Decking #10
  • 2. Framing Elements (contd.) Stringer #12
  • 3. Front End Loader Front end loader is used in the early stages like a backhoe, but is not meant for digging. It is used to move dirt and gravel or anything necessary. It doesn’t just push dirt like a bulldozer, it also picks it up
  • 4. Gypsum Board Gypsum board is gypsum in between two sheets of paper. A material used for walls and ceilings. Also known as sheet rock or drywall.
  • 5. Heat pump An advantage is that you do not need seperate heating and cooling units. A disadvantage is that it Air handling unit only works in mild climates. The air handler circulates air through the house and moves the air over coils. The compressor pressurizes and circulates refridgerant gas to produce heat or cooling in the coils. Compressor/evaporat or
  • 6. Insulation Batt/blanket Insulation is a material used that has a low conductivity to help keep heat and cold air through the structure or assembly.
  • 7. Insulation (contd.) Loose fill insulation
  • 8. Lintel A lintel is a beam that carries a load of an opening.
  • 9. Mortar Joints A vee joint is tooled and this one is 3/8” thick. It is an office building and I would guess type N mortar Vee joint
  • 10. Mortar Joints (Contd.) Raked joint-it is tooled, this is also your typical 3/8” thick. It is located on an apartment complex. Probably type N mortar.
  • 11. Oriented Strand Board A type of sheathing similar to plywood. It is not veneered, and it is strands of wood that is bonded together by pressure in specific directions. Its typical dimensions are 4’ by 8’.
  • 12. Plumbing Typical 3” piping used to drain. A lavatory is a sink and it typically uses 1.5” piping to drain it. lavatory Water closet
  • 13. Plumbing (Contd.) Manufactured shower and tub This plumbing vent is letting the gas from plumbing pipes escape through the roof instead of coming back into the house.
  • 14. Plumbing (Contd.) Drop in Sink
  • 15. Plywood 4’ by 8’ sheets Plywood is a wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure. Veneer is a thin layer or sheet.
  • 16. Rebar This is #4 rebar, meaning it is ½” in diameter. It is tied together to form a rebar mat that will be placed in a footing. It will be used to reinforce the concrete, the grooves are helpful because the concrete can mold to the rebar.
  • 17. Steep Roof Drainage Downspout- vertical piping used to drain downspout water from roof to lower level or ground. Splashblock-small piece of concrete or plastic used to divert water at gutter bottom of the downspout Gutter-channel that collects splashblock rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof
  • 18. Steep Roof Materials Underlayment- Underlayment helps keep moisture and any penetration out of the sheathing.
  • 19. Steep Roof Materials (contd.) Clay tile Wood shingles Shingle-small unit of water resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion to render a wall or sloping roof water tight.
  • 20. Steep Roof Materials (Contd.) Metal roof- I believe this is simply a sheet metal roof
  • 21. Steep Roof Shapes Gable gambrel
  • 22. Steep Roof Shapes (Contd.) Hip roof
  • 23. Steep Roof Terms ridge Valley-trough formed by the intersection of two parts of a roof valley Rake-sloping edge of a steep roof Ridge-level intersection of two rake roof planes in a gable vent.
  • 24. Steep Roof Terms (contd.) fascia soffit eave Soffit-undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially a Fascia-exposed vertical face of an eave. roof overhang.
  • 25. Steep Roof Terms (Contd.) Eave-horizontal edge at the low side of a roof. Eave with no fascia Building without a fascia has no board or face to the eave.
  • 26. Stone Random rubble Coursed ashlar
  • 27. Stone (contd.) Coursed ashlar
  • 28. Vapor retarder Vapor retarder protects moisture. It is usually put on the warm winter side of the insulation.
  • 29. Weep hole Weep Weep hole or wick allows water hole/wick to drain from where it has seeped through the mortar.
  • 30. Welded Wire Fabric The grid is 6” x 6” The welded wire fabric is placed to increase the tensil strength of the concrete.
  • 31. Windows This is an awning window because it is hinged at the top of the window. This is double hung because it has two overlapping sashes that slide vertically in tracks.
  • 32. Windows (contd.) This is an outswinging casement window because it is hinged at the side and it swings outward.