TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP        T C P / I P...     Internet transport Services...      TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP            TCP / IP       TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP                05E0G2E6FG60FTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I   ¢Pro...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP          TCP 05E0G2E6FG60F                 / IP      TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I    ¢More...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP             TCP / IP     TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP                    05E0G2E6FG60FTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I   ¢...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP             TCP / IP       TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP                05E0G2E6FG60FTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/ITCP/IP...
TCP/IP...      TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP                  History..     TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I   ¢Originally d...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP             TCP / IP     TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP                  05E0G2E6FG60FTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I     ¢...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP            TCP / IP      TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP                  05E0G2E6FG60FTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I    ¢B...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP        TCP / IP....      TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I   ¢Sliding window acknowledgementTCP...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP             TCP / IP       TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP      Sliding Window Protocol..TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I   E...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP      Sliding Window depiction     TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP                                         window of ...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP      Sliding Window depiction      TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I      Frames already transm...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP          TCP/IP..     TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP                 NETWORK SERVICESTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I     ¢P...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP           TCP/IP      TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP                  INTERNET PROTOCOLTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I    •...
TCP/IP..               TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP                           INTERNET PROTOCOL     TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP              ...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP          TCP/IP..     TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP                 INTERNET PROTOCOL..    ¢Provides Fragmentation...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP       TCP/IP....     TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP                          DHCPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/ITelnet     ...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP      TCP/IP...      TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP              LINK SERVICES...........TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I    ...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP        TCP/IP...      TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP              LINK SERVICES...........TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I  ...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP            TCP/IP...     TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I     • In the UNIX community, the IP ...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP          TCP/IP...     TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP                      featuresTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I     ¢Ope...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP         TCP/IP..          Features     TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I     ¢Ideal for Uniting...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP          TCP/IP.....                           features     TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP    ¢Can be run over a ,T...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP              TCP/IP...                           features     TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP    ¢Has a common addre...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP            TCP/IP...                          features     TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP    ¢Has a common addressi...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP                    4                         APPLICATION LAYER                           APPLICATION AN...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP       TCP/IP...              NETWORK ACCESS LAYER..       TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I    ...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP          TCP/IP...      TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP               NETWORK ACCESS LAYER...TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I...
TCP/IP ....      TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP                internet layer.....       TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I    ...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP      TCP/IP.....         HOST TO HOST LAYER...      TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I  ¢Contain...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP      TCP/IP.....         HOST TO HOST LAYER...      TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I   ¢Logica...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP     TCP/IP.....          HOST TO HOST LAYER...     TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP     ¢Four general Protocols areTC...
Communications Using The TCP/IP Protocol                  Architecture.          HOST                               HOST O...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP         TCP/IP....               OPERATIONS..      TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I    ¢A Netw...
TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP          TCP/IP...               operation ....     TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I    ¢IP is...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

06tcpip

337 views
307 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
337
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
22
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

06tcpip

  1. 1. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP T C P / I P... Internet transport Services... TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I TCP ---> TransmissionTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP Control Protocol.TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I I P ---> InternetTCP/IPProtocol. TCP/IP TCP TCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP
  2. 2. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP / IP TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP 05E0G2E6FG60FTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢Provides Multiplexing services permitting the transmission ofTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I information to any one of a number of application residing onTCP/IP addressed host. the TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP
  3. 3. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP 05E0G2E6FG60F / IP TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢More full featured protocol, providing reliable delivery ofTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I information streamTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP
  4. 4. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP / IP TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP 05E0G2E6FG60FTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢With a layered architectre TCP/IP suite can be understoodTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I as a set of discreet components. ¢Deals with communicationnsTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP among hetrogenous computers.TCP/IP TCP/IPend data transfer ¢reliable end to TCP/IP TCP service.TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP
  5. 5. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP / IP TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP 05E0G2E6FG60FTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/ITCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢Ressambly of the packets can occure either within a local network or atTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP the recieving end.TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP
  6. 6. TCP/IP... TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP History.. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢Originally developed in 1970s asTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I a U.S. goverment Advaced Research Project AgencyTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP ( ARPA ), reseaech and developement project.TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP
  7. 7. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP / IP TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP 05E0G2E6FG60FTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢TCP / IP has matured to become the backbone of the InformationTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I Superhighway.TCP/IP TCP/IPprovide connections ¢Developed to TCP/IP TCP to systems world-wide helping toTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IPinto bring the information age TCP reality.TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP
  8. 8. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP / IP TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP 05E0G2E6FG60FTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢Byte oriented stream protocol ¢Information acknowledgementTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I based on acknowledgement of individual bytes in the streamTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP rater than complete packet. ¢Automatically adjust toTCP/IP TCP/IPthe communication differences in TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP channels.
  9. 9. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP / IP.... TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢Sliding window acknowledgementTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I scheme controls the orderly dlivery of informationTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP
  10. 10. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP / IP TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP Sliding Window Protocol..TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I Effective in the cases where the bitTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I size (a ) is greater than the frame length ( l ),TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP a l. Used to allow multiple frames to beTCP/IP TCP/IPtime. in transit at one TCP/IP TCP
  11. 11. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP Sliding Window depiction TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP window of frames that mayTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I Frames already recieved be transmittedTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP Last frame acknowledgedTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP Recievers perspectiveTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP
  12. 12. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP Sliding Window depiction TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I Frames already transmitted 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I Window of frames that may be transmitted.TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPFrame sequence numbersTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP Last frame transmittedTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP Transmitters perspective
  13. 13. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP.. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP NETWORK SERVICESTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢Provides the smarts required toTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I identify the computers and subnetworks that Recieve andTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP Transmit PACKETSTCP/IPIncludes Packet addressingTCP ¢ TCP/IP TCP/IP andTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP routing of traffic between the system.
  14. 14. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP INTERNET PROTOCOLTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I • Help identify the most appropriate route for each packetTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I in the network.TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP • IP uses a 32-bit address field thatTCP/IP TCP/IPinto as many as can be divided TCP/IP TCP four 8-bit fields that are used toTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP describe the network.
  15. 15. TCP/IP.. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP INTERNET PROTOCOL TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP DIRECT STATION ADDRESS FORMATTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/ITCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I CLASS ATCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPhigh-order eight bits areused to describe the network. CLASS BTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP high-order 16 bits define Network low-order 16 bits define the host. CLASS CTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP High-order 21 bits define the subnetwork and the Low- order eight bits define the specific hosts.
  16. 16. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP.. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP INTERNET PROTOCOL.. ¢Provides Fragmentation andTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I Ressambly services. ¢Includes service that Split eachTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I packet into two or more packets that areTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP subsequently routed throughTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP the network. ¢Ressambly of the packets canTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP occure either within a local
  17. 17. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP.... TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP DHCPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/ITelnet FTP SMPT SNMP TFTP BOOTPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I TCP UDP RIP IP UCMPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP OSPF ARP RARPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP Ethernet Serial ProtocolsTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPFIGURE: Internet Protocol Suite Architecture.
  18. 18. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP... TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP LINK SERVICES...........TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢At this level the internet ProtocolsTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I need only to provide delivery of completed packets.TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP ¢Used where Reliability is required..TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP
  19. 19. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP... TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP LINK SERVICES...........TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢Standards for exchange of internetTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I traffic have been developed for,TCP/IPEthernet, Serial Lines, TCP TCP/IP TCP/IP Token Ring LANs,TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP ATM, ISD and others.TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP
  20. 20. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP... TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I • In the UNIX community, the IP (Internet Protocol)is often usedTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I for local area networking even if it is not connected to a largerTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP network. • It is common for a site to useTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP TCP/IP for communication over a local Ethernet.TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP
  21. 21. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP... TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP featuresTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢Open protocol standards.TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢Freely Available. ¢Develops independently from anyTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP specific computer hardware orTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP operating system.TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP
  22. 22. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP.. Features TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢Ideal for Uniting differentTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I hardware and software even if you dont communicate over theTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP internet.TCP/IPTCP/IP Integrates many different ¢ TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP kind of networks.
  23. 23. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP..... features TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP ¢Can be run over a ,TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I * ETHERNET,TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I * TOKEN RING, * A DIAL-UP-TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPLINE,TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP * AN X.25, and virtually any other kind ofTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP Physical Transmission Media.
  24. 24. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP... features TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP ¢Has a common addressingTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I scheme that allows any TCP/IP device to uniquely address anyTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I other device in the entire Network, even the WWW.TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IPhigh level Protocols ¢Standardised TCP/IP TCP for consistent widely availableTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP user service.
  25. 25. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP... features TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP ¢Has a common addressingTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I scheme that allows any TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I device to uniquely address any other device in the entire Network, even the WWW.TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IPhigh level Protocols ¢Standardised TCP/IP TCP for consistent widely availableTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP user service.
  26. 26. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP 4 APPLICATION LAYER APPLICATION AND PROCESS 4 TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP THAT USE THE NETWORK HOST-TO-HOST TRANSPORT LAYER.TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I 3 PROVIDES END-TO-END DATA DELIVERY SERVICETCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I 2 INTERNET LAYER DEFINES THE DATAGRAM AND HANDLES THE ROUTING OFTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP NETWORK ACCESS LAYERTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP 1 CONSIST OF ROUTING FOR ACCESSING PHYSICAL NET-TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP WORK.Pictorial representation of the Layers in the TCP/IP protocolhierarchy
  27. 27. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP... NETWORK ACCESS LAYER.. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢Contains Protocols that provide access to a communicationTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I Network.TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP ¢Protocols at this layer areTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP between communications node and an attached host or itsTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP logical equivalent.
  28. 28. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP... TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP NETWORK ACCESS LAYER...TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢Functions of all the protocols is to Route Data between hostsTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I attached to the same Network.TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP ¢Deals with Flow Control andTCP/IP TCP/IP between hosts. Error Control TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP
  29. 29. TCP/IP .... TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP internet layer..... TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢ Consist of procedures requiredTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I to allow data to traverse multiple Networks between the Hosts..TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP ¢This Protocol is usually implemented within hosts andTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP Gateways.
  30. 30. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP..... HOST TO HOST LAYER... TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢Contains Protocol entities withTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I the aility to deliver data between two processes on different hostTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP computers.TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP ¢Provides logical connectionTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP between higher-level entities.
  31. 31. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP..... HOST TO HOST LAYER... TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢Logical connections are used toTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I exchange data between the ultimate endpoints (processes).TCP/IP TCP/IPcontrol and the ¢error and Flow TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP ability to deal with control signals not associatedTCP/IP logical data connections. TCP with TCP/IP TCP/IP
  32. 32. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP..... HOST TO HOST LAYER... TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP ¢Four general Protocols areTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I seemed to be needed in this level:TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I * Reliable Connection-TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP oriented Data Protocol.TCP/IP TCP/IP datagram Protocol, * A TCP/IP TCP * A Speech Protocol,TCP/IP TCP/IPreal time DataTCP *A TCP/IP
  33. 33. Communications Using The TCP/IP Protocol Architecture. HOST HOST O O p applications applications p e e r r TCP TCP a a t t i IP IP i n n Network Network g g Access 1 ROUTER Access 2sys sys IP NAP1 NAP2 subnet subnetwork 1 2
  34. 34. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP.... OPERATIONS.. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢A Network Access Protocol like the Token ring is used to connectTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I a computer to the subnetwork. ¢The Protocol enables the Host toTCP/IP TCP/IPthe subnetwork, send data acros TCP/IP TCPTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP to a Router.TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP
  35. 35. TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP... operation .... TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢IP is implemented in all of the end systems and the Routers.TCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/IPTCP/I ¢It acts as a Relay to move a blockTCP/IPdatamore routers, tothrough of TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP one or from one Host, anotherTCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP Host.TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP/IP TCP

×