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Jazz - A Brief History
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Jazz - A Brief History

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  • 1. Jazz A true American Art Form
  • 2. Beginnings
    • Originated in the late 1800s & early 1900s
    • Slaves from Africa began to play instruments and sing
    • First form was called “Ragtime”
    • African American musicians began to provide music for entertainment
  • 3. Dixieland
    • Small bands formed from marching bands in the south
    • Travelled throughout the south to play jazz music in black communities
    • Used clarinet, trombone, trumpet, & string bass
    • Artists – Buddy Bolden, Louis Armstrong, Jelly Roll Morton
  • 4. Swing Music
    • “ Big Bands” became popular in the 1930s
    • Broadcast live over radio
    • Became dance music
    • Expanded instrumentation
    • Artists – Benny Goodman, Glenn Miller, Duke Ellington, Count Basie
  • 5. Bebop
    • Named for the sound the music made
    • Fast tempos – no longer dance music
    • “ Musicians’ Music”
    • 1940s-1950s
    • Used more dissonance
    • Artists – Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Max Roach, Bud Powell
  • 6. Cool Jazz
    • Early 1950s
    • Calm and smooth
    • Less dissonance & slower tempos
    • Artists – Miles Davis, Chet Baker, Bill Evans, Stan Getz
  • 7. Modal Jazz
    • Late 1950s
    • Music based on modes
    • Fewer chord changes
    • Artists – Miles Davis, John Coltrane, Bill Evans
  • 8. Free Jazz
    • Early 1960s
    • Meter, beat, & tonality begin to disappear
    • Controversial at first
    • Artists – John Coltrane, Charles Mingus, Sun Ra, Eric Dolphy
  • 9. Post Bop
    • 1960s – 1970s
    • Blended elements of bebop, modal jazz, & free jazz
    • Artists – Wayne Shorter, Herbie Hancock, Lee Morgan
  • 10. Fusion
    • Late 1960s – early 1970s
    • Influenced by “electric” music
    • Blend of rock & jazz
    • Often used complex chords, beat, & melodies
    • Artists – Miles Davis, Chick Corea, Jaco Pastorius, Weather Report