Edited oil production in omanPresentation Transcript
Oil Production in Oman By: Essa AL-Dawoodi Name: Dot Mackency
What is oil?
N on-renewable resource that takes millions of years to be created.
Nonrenewable resources run out, or may be used up, e.g. oil Oil.
Fossil fuel because of how it forms.
All fossil fuels are non-renewable resources.
Origin of Oil
Oil used today formed
millions of years ago when tiny plants and
animals died and sank to bottom of
shallow body of water.
Then, sand, clay and silt (lots of tiny pieces of rock) covered thin layer of dead plants and
Origins and History in Oman
Oman's growth into successful oil and gas-producing nation had humble beginnings
Geological survey of country in 1925 found no conclusive evidence of oil.
In 1937 geologists began intensively searching for oil in neighbouring Saudi Arabia.
Oman's Sultan Said bin Taimur granted 75-year concession to Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC).
Pausing only for Second World War , exploration for oil was underway in Oman .
Origin and History of Oil oil
In 1963 Natih field discovered, followed closely by success at Fahud, only a few hundred metres from original IPC well. First export of Omani oil took place on 27 July 1967
All through 1970s, PDO strove to maintain its production and replace its reserves while developing its professionalism.
Some significant discoveries early in decade contributed to objective: Ghaba North in 1972, followed by Saih Nihayda, Saih Rawl, Qarn Alam and Habur.
Production plant is said to begin after production ofwing valve on oil well.
Product from each well is piped through choke valve , which regulates rate of flow.
Flowlines are gathered in manifold and routed into separator , which will gravity separate 3 components.
Once oil has separated from gas and produced water - usually routed to coalescer before being metered and pumped to onshore terminal.
Sultanate of Oman Before and After Oil Wealth
Before: 1. Capital city, Muscat, was walled city closing at 9:00 p.m. Had no street lights. 2. Muscat center of trade since ancient times, partly due to location. 3. Tourism not allowed. 4. Natives not allowed to marry foreigners; prospective husbands must buy wives. 5. Drinking in public forbidden. 6. Press was restricted. 7. Some forbidden things, e.g. radio, TV, medicines, eyeglasses, trousers. 8. Only Islamic schools. 9. 15 telephones in entire country. 10. 2 small hospitals. 11. 1 small electric generator as of 1990. 12. Only few miles of paved roads; wadis used as roads. 13. Shopping in souks and bazaars.
After Oil Wealth:
1. More modern capital city with street lights, hotels, more roads, cars, airport, and restaurants. 2. Tourists allowed but must behave in public. 3. Marriage laws are changing but still remain fairly strict. 4. Drinking allowed in hotels, but there is a fine for being drunk. 5. The press is tolerated. 6. Traditional dress and modern, more westernized dress now seen. 7. Many schools including technical colleges and universities. 8. 13,000 telephones by 1970. 9. More hospitals and more modern facilities. 10. More than 2000 miles of paved roads in the area; traffic jams of both camels and modern transportation can be seen. 11. Shopping in traditional souks and bazaars as well as modern stores and shopping centers. 12. Still ruled by a sultan with absolute power in an Islamic state. 13. Over 600,000 barrels of oil a day is produced. 14. Increase in population to an estimated total of 1,677,000 in 1993.