Grade 5 social studies revolutionary war for wikiPresentation Transcript
Welcome to the American Revolution
From England; Called British
King George III (Fancy)
KING GEORGE III
Loyalists (colonists) I LOVE MY KING! HE’S SO COOL I LOVE MY KING
Neutral (colonists) OHHHH, I CAN’T MAKE UP MY MIND!!!!
PATRIOTS (colonists who want independence from England
PATRIOTS FIGHT TO WIN FREEDOM We hate the King!!!
Proclam ation of 1763
The proclamation, in effect, closed off the frontier to colonial expansion.
The King and his council wanted to calm the fears of the Indians, who felt that the colonists would drive them from their lands as they expanded westward.
Many in the colonies felt that the object was to pen them in along the Atlantic seaboard where they would be easier to regulate.
However the colonists could not help but feel a strong resentment when what they perceived to be their prize was snatched away from them.
The proclamation provided that all lands west of the heads of all rivers which flowed into the Atlantic Ocean from the west or northwest were off-limits to the colonists. This excluded the rich Ohio Valley and all territory from the Ohio to the Mississippi rivers from settlement.
$$$$$ $$$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ I NEED MONEY!!! HEY COLONISTS… SEND MORE MONEY
THE QUARTERING ACT
Colonists had to give food, housing and transportation to the British soldiers
British said colonists needed them to protect colonists from French
Colonists VERY Angry
Quartering Act Yo, soldiers: GO AWAY Ha, ha, King says to give us food, housing and transportation
King wanted more money to pay for troops
Everything printed was taxed, and needed a stamp
EVERYTHING means things like newspapers, almanacs, dice, playing cards, legal documents
American colonists mad because it costs money, AND they had no one to represent them in England
Stamp Act Stamp
NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION
English soldiers didn’t like colonists
Colonists didn’t like soldiers
The Boston Massacre began when a young apprentice shouted an insult at a British officer. A soldier on duty in front of the customs house gave the apprentice a knock on the ear with the butt of his rifle. The boy cried for help, and an crowd gathered. Someone rang the bells in a nearby church. This action drew more people into the street. The English guard found himself confronting an angry mob. He stood his ground and called for the main guard. Six men, led by a corporal, responded. They were joined by the officer on duty, Captain John Preston.
The crowd soon swelled to almost 400 men. They began pelting the soldiers with snowballs and chunks of ice. Led Crispus Attucks, a freed slave, the colonist surged to within inches of the fixed bayonets and dared the soldiers to fire. Finally, the squad fired into the unruly crowd, killing five men. As the gun smoke cleared, Crispus Attucks and four others lay dead or dying. Six more men were wounded.
British love their tea
Colonists love their tea
Colonists FURIOUS that King taxed their tea
December 16th , a crowd of several thousand persons shouted encouragement to about 60 men disguised as Mohawk Indians, who boarded the three ships. With the aid of the ships' crew, they tossed 342 chests of tea, valued at £18,000 into Boston Bay.
Boston Tea Party
Britain responded to the Boston Tea Party in 1774 by passing several laws that became known in America as the Intolerable Acts.
One law closed Boston Harbor until Bostonians paid for the destroyed tea.
Another law restricted the activities of the Massachusetts legislature and gave added powers to the post of governor of Massachusetts. Those powers in effect made him a dictator. The American colonists were very angered by these forceful acts. In response to these actions and laws, the colonist banded together to fight back. Several committees of colonists called for a convention of delegates from the colonies to organize resistance to the Intolerable Acts. The convention was later to be called the Continental Congress.
Battle at Saratoga Turning point of the war: the British know they are in trouble: Colonists could actually win
Burgoyne Surrenders!!! At Saratoga
Battle of Saratoga
Iroquois and the American Revolution
The American Revolution divided the Iroquois Confederation and brought destruction into the heart of that union. The Iroquois (or Haudenonsaunee--meaning "people of the light") are an alliance of the Cayuga, Oneida, Mohawk, Onondaga, Seneca, and Tuscarora nations now located in upstate New York and Ontario, Canada.
The Iroquois Confederation was neutral. As a league, the confederation could not enter into a state of war without the consent of the entire council. The council was divided at Albany and therefore the Iroquois Confederation declared itself neutral.
Created the first division with the Iroquois in over 200 years.
By 1778, four nations (Mohawk, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca) would side with the British while the remaining two (Oneida and Tuscarora) would support the American rebels.
The consequences of these separate paths would be a civil war among the Iroquois and a brutal invasion at the hands of the Continental Army.
Iroquois and the American Revolution The Iroquois Confederation was ruined when different tribes choose different sides