View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
An action is right if it produces a better consequence than alternative actions.
For example, an act is OBLIGATORY if it promotes better consequences than any alternatives.
An act is PERMISSIBLE if it promotes consequences that are at least as good as any of its alternatives.
For example, the act of selecting one patient over the other is PERMISSIBLE, if not OBLIGATORY, because it brings about a better consequence than giving each of the patients an equal chance for treatment.
2.) Rule- CONSEQUENTIALISM is based on a set of rules.
The set of rules are right if they lead to better consequences than alternative sets of rules.
Usually, the general rules will promote the best consequences in the long term.
For example, it would not promote the best consequences if a doctor breached confidentiality in order to tell a patient’s children that their parent has a disease that they might have inherited as well. Now, although the doctor’s action can be justified because it might prevent harmful consequences to the children, it would lead to more harmful consequences in the long term; whereas if doctors were to breach confidentiality regularly then many people would distrust the medical profession and be discouraged from seeing doctors for prevention and treatment for diseases.