PHI 204 - Ethical Issues in Health Care: Communitarianism, Liberalism
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PHI 204 - Ethical Issues in Health Care: Communitarianism, Liberalism

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    PHI 204 - Ethical Issues in Health Care: Communitarianism, Liberalism PHI 204 - Ethical Issues in Health Care: Communitarianism, Liberalism Presentation Transcript

    • Communitarianism Liberalism (Biomedical Ethics) Charles Lohman
    • Communitarianism
      • COMMUNITARIANISM focuses on the responsibility of the individual to the community and the social importance of the community as whole.
        • In other words, people are individual members of communities with shared values, ideals, and goals.
          • So individual ideas of the good cannot be separated from the community as a whole.
            • So what is good for the individual is a reflection of the common good of the community as a whole.
          • So questions about right or wrong of actions/policies should always be raised for the betterment of the community as a whole.
    • Liberalism
      • LIBERALISM focuses on the rights, interests, and reasoning of individual moral agents.
        • In other words, LIBERALISM claims that people should have the right to act and live in accord with their own conception of a good life as long as it does not interfere with the rights of others to do the same.
    • Liberalism and Communitarianism Differs in Two Ways
      • LIBERALISM differs from COMMUNITARIANISM as a NORMATIVE THEORY in two main ways.
        • 1.) LIBERALISM claims there should not be one conception of the good or one overarching moral value that all individuals live by and share.
        • 2.) LIBERALISM claims that the rights and interests of individuals should not be sacrificed for the interests of the larger society.
          • Why? Because different individuals have different values and different conceptions of what constitutes a good life.
            • So LIBERALISM states it would be wrong to try to adopt a particular conception of the good for everyone.
              • So society should remain neutral on these normative issues based on individuals alone.