Wellness Chapter 9 p. 210 Guidelines for a Healthy Lifestyle
Body composition p. 210-211 <ul><li>Body composition – the fat and non-fat components of the human </li></ul><ul><ul><li>T...
Techniques to Assess Body Compoistion p. 210 <ul><li>Hydrostatic weighting – underwater weighing and the most accurate </l...
Wellness Chapter 6 pp. 106 & 110 Guidelines for a Healthy Lifestyle
Physical Activity versus Exercise p. 106 <ul><li>Physical Activity – bodily movement that requires energy and produces hea...
Surgeon General’s Report on Physical Activity and Health p. 106 <ul><li>General Recommendation – at least 30 minutes of mo...
Surgeon General’s Report on Physical Activity and Health  p. 106 <ul><li>Benefits of regular physical activity: </li></ul>...
Surgeon General’s Report on Physical Activity and Health  p. 106  <ul><li>Regular physical activity is important for the h...
Physical Fitness p. 110 <ul><li>Physical Fitness – The ability to meet the ordinary as well as the unusual demands of dail...
Physical Fitness p. 110 <ul><ul><li>2 nd  component  Skill-related fitness – improves skillful activities and athletic eve...
Physical Fitness p. 110 <ul><li>3 rd  component  Physiological fitness – skill-related fitness used with reference to biol...
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Wellness Chapter 9 and 6

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Wellness Chapter 9 and 6

  1. 1. Wellness Chapter 9 p. 210 Guidelines for a Healthy Lifestyle
  2. 2. Body composition p. 210-211 <ul><li>Body composition – the fat and non-fat components of the human </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The body consist of fat and non-fat components </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fat component – called fat mass or percent body fat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Non-fat component – called lean body mass </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Essential fat – minimal amount of body fat needed for normal physiological functions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Storage fat – body fat in excess of essential fat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommended body weight (healthy weight) – body weight at which there seems to be no harm to human health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inaccurate is the simple height/weight charts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accurate is to find out one’s body composition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Body composition is what percent of total body weight is fat and what amount is lean tissue </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Techniques to Assess Body Compoistion p. 210 <ul><li>Hydrostatic weighting – underwater weighing and the most accurate </li></ul><ul><li>Air displacement – calculating the body volume for the air displaced </li></ul><ul><li>Skinfold thickness – measuring a double thickeness of skin at specific body sites </li></ul><ul><li>Girth measurements – measuring circumferences at specific body sites </li></ul><ul><li>Bioelectrical impedance – running a weak electrical current through the body </li></ul><ul><li>Body mass index (BMI) – incorporates height and weight to estimate critical fat values </li></ul><ul><li>Waist circumference – a waist girth measurement to assess potential risk for disease on intra-abdominal fat content </li></ul>
  4. 4. Wellness Chapter 6 pp. 106 & 110 Guidelines for a Healthy Lifestyle
  5. 5. Physical Activity versus Exercise p. 106 <ul><li>Physical Activity – bodily movement that requires energy and produces health benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>walking to and from class </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physical Inactivity – a level of activity lower than that required to maintain good health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>just washing dishes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exercise – physical activity that requires planned, structured, and repetitive bodily movement for physical fitness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>brisk walking, jogging, and etc. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Surgeon General’s Report on Physical Activity and Health p. 106 <ul><li>General Recommendation – at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per day most days of the week </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Inactivity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Women than men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African Americans and Hispanic Americans than Caucasians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Older than younger adults </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less affluent than more affluent people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less educated than more educated adults </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Surgeon General’s Report on Physical Activity and Health p. 106 <ul><li>Benefits of regular physical activity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce risks for developing or dying from: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heart Disease </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Type 2 Diabetes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colon Cancers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Breast Cancers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High Blood Pressure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Osteoporotic Fractures </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Surgeon General’s Report on Physical Activity and Health p. 106 <ul><li>Regular physical activity is important for the health of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joints </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regular physical activity reduces symptoms of depression and anxiety. </li></ul><ul><li>Regular physical activity improves one’s mood. </li></ul><ul><li>Regular physical activity enhances one’s ability to perform daily tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Regular physical activity can help control health-care costs and maintain a high quality of life into old age </li></ul>
  9. 9. Physical Fitness p. 110 <ul><li>Physical Fitness – The ability to meet the ordinary as well as the unusual demands of daily life safely and effectively without being overly fatigued and still have energy left for leisure and recreational activities. </li></ul><ul><li>3 Physical fitness components: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Health-related fitness – improves overall health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Components: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cardiorespiratory </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Muscular strength </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Muscular endurance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Muscular flexibility </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Body composition </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Physical Fitness p. 110 <ul><ul><li>2 nd component Skill-related fitness – improves skillful activities and athletic events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Components </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agility </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Coordination </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reaction time </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Physical Fitness p. 110 <ul><li>3 rd component Physiological fitness – skill-related fitness used with reference to biological systems affected by physical activity and the role of activity in preventing disease </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metabolic fitness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Morphologic fitness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bone integrity </li></ul></ul>

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