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Wellness Chapter 5

Wellness Chapter 5






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    Wellness Chapter 5 Wellness Chapter 5 Presentation Transcript

    • Wellness Chapter 5 Guidelines for a Healthy Lifestyle
      • Explanatory style – the way people perceive the events in their lives
        • Pessimism – a tendency to view life situation with negativity and gloom
          • Can lead to anxiety, depression, guilt, anger, or hostility
          • Can delay healing, and worsen the course of disease
        • Optimism – a tendency to expect the best possible outcome
          • Can increase the quality and length of life
          • Enhances health
      Explanatory Style p. 88
      • Health locus of control – one’s prevailing belief that events are a consequence of one’s own actions and, thus, potentially can be controlled
        • Control refers to how much we believe our actions can influence a situation
        • We choose how to react and respond
        • External locus of control – one’s prevailing belief that the things that happen are unrelated to one’s own behavior and are determined by outside forces
        • Internal locus of control – one’s prevailing belief that events are a consequence of one’s own actions and, thus, potentially can be controlled
          • People with a strong sense of internal control have fewer illnesses because they practice healthier behaviors
      Health Locus of Control pp. 88-89
    • Self-Esteem p. 89-90
      • Self-esteem – a sense of positive self-regard and self-respect
        • Developing healthy self-esteem is one of the best things a person can do for overall health
        • To boost your self-esteem
          • Use affirmations – positive statements that reinforce the positive aspects of personality and experience
            • Prepare a list of your positive traits
            • Say positive things about yourself
          • Set positive goals, and develop a plan for accomplishing these goals; and focus on worthwhile achievements
          • When your “internal critic,” which is the negative inner voice in each of us, starts putting you down, tune it our. Redirect your thoughts to a situation that you handled well or something about yourself if which you’re especially proud
          • SEE Assessment 5.3, p. 103
    • Fighting Spirit p. 90
      • Fighting spirit – determination
        • The open expression of emotions, whether negative or positive
        • The willingness to face problems head-on and look for solutions
        • A fighting spirit can play a major role in recovery from disease
        • A fighting spirit can play a large role in the extent of psychological distress and facilitates vicotry over disease
    • The Spiritual Link pp. 90-96
      • Spirituality – a belief in and a person’s relationship with a Higher Being
        • Spirituality enhances meaning and purpose in life
      • Spiritual health – dimension of health related to a person’s moral or religious nature; a relationship with a higher being
      • Religion and Religious Practice
        • The system of how to know God, accompanied by rituals and places of worship
        • People who are strongly affiliated with a place of worship generally enjoy better health
      • Prayer
        • Prayer means communication with a Higher Power
        • Meditation means to sit quietly while focusing on breathing
        • Prayer/meditation has a beneficial physiological effects on the body
        • Prayer/meditation body to enter a state of relaxation, called the relaxation response
      • Contentment – feeling satisfied, pleased, and happy
        • Most people inwardly long for enduring contentment – a deep-down, soul-satisfying peace
        • People with true contentment have inner harmony because they feel loved
    • The Spiritual Link pp. 90-96
      • Forgiveness – the ability to release from the mind all past hurts and failures, all sense of guilt and loss
        • A negative bitter attitude is harmful emotionally and physically
        • Forgiving people have an increased sense of control and reduced biological symptoms of stress
        • NOTE: forgiveness does NOT mean denying, ignoring, or tolerating the offense; rather forgivers release all negative thoughts and feelings they otherwise might hold toward someone
        • Altruism – the act of giving of oneself out of a genuine concern for other people; unselfish devotion to the interests and welfare of others
          • Volunteerism – altruistic people often engage in volunteer work, with the side benefit of better health, fewer visits to the doctor, and fewer medical complaints than others
            • Volunteering can bring tremendous health benefits
          • Random acts of kindness – to engage in behavior that helps another person
    • The Spiritual Link pp. 90-96
      • Faith – belief and trust in God or something that can’t be proved
        • It is associated with an optimistic life orientation, social support, high resilience to stress, and low levels of anxiety
        • Devoutly faithful groups of people have lower blood pressure than those who lacks faith
      • Hope – Positive anticipation and expectation, characterized by optimism
        • Hope promotes health and healing
        • Hope causes specific electrochemical changes in the body that benefit the strength of the immune system and the workings of the organs