Wellness Chapter 4


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Wellness Chapter 4

  1. 1. Wellness Chapter 4 Guidelines for a Healthy Lifestyle
  2. 2. Social Support and Social Networks p. 74 <ul><li>Social support – the human resources that people provide to each other </li></ul><ul><li>Social network – the size, density, durability, intensity, and frequency of social contacts </li></ul><ul><li>The 4 social supports are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Instrumental support: tangible help – a ride to class when your car is being fixed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. emotional support: affection, understanding, acceptance, and respect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. informational support: information – which classes to take, where to go to sign-up for a club and etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Appraisal support: feedback, advice, direction </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Benefits, Touch and Loneliness pp. 75-76 <ul><li>Benefits of social support (p. 75) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social support protects health and reduces mortality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Touch: a crucial aspect of social support (p. 75) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the most powerful components of social support is touch, whereas it reaps positive health benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Loneliness and Health (pp. 75-76) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loneliness is related less to the number of people in our lives than to the satisfaction we have with those relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loneliness is not necessarily a consequence of being alone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People can feel alone even when people surround them </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People that are alone do Not necessarily feel alone </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The importance of friendships p. 76 <ul><li>Close friends clearly buffer stress and help overcome the unwanted effects of loneliness </li></ul><ul><li>Confiding in a friend can provide many health benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before you confide in someone: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Realize that sharing information about sensitive issues may strain the friendship </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Recognize that disclosing a past trauma may be difficult or uncomfortable to the listener to hear </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. Explore your motive for sharing potentially hurtful information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4. Recognize that there might be a better way to solve a problem than by discussing it with a friend </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Before disclosing specific information ask yourself 3 questions: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Is it true? 2. Will it be unhurtful? 3. Is it necessary? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If the answers reflect sincere motives, confide in your friend </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Enriching Your Support Network The Importance of Pets pp. 76-78 <ul><li>Enriching your support network (pp. 76-77) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If your social connections are weak, invest as much time and energy as you can toward building it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enrich your existing friendships by spending time with friends in person </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase diversity in your social interactions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Establish regular times to meet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not all relationships are beneficial!!! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The importance of pets (pp. 77-78) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pets are also a positive source of support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pet ownership has been associated with improved cardiovascular functioning, improved emotional stability, and better general health </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Divorce, Families, Times of Loss pp. 79-82 <ul><li>Divorce and Its Consequences (p. 79) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Men and women who are separated or divorced have poorer physiological and physical health than do widowed, happily married, or single adults </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One reason that divorced compromises health is related to social support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Being married provides built-in social networks, economic ties, and instrumental support </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Families and health (pp. 79-81) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A family is a group that shares common goals and values and works together to achieve those goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The relationships between the members can have a profound effect on the health and longevity for each member </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Support in times of loss (pp. 81-82) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social support is vital to help people cope with loss and deal with grief, ranging from minor disappointments to major losses </li></ul></ul>