Common Myth-takes on Education Change, Part I (puns definitely intended) (multimedia for educational purposes and used fro...
Topics <ul><li>Deaths </li></ul><ul><li>Aging </li></ul><ul><li>Marriages & Divorce </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul>
Mortality changes <ul><li>Declined broadly in last century.  Measures: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infant mortality rate </li></...
Mortality changes <ul><li>Declined broadly in last century.  Measures: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infant mortality rate </li></...
Mortality changes <ul><li>Causes described by students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical technology, in general or… </li></ul>...
Mortality changes <ul><li>Causes prominent in the literature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public health measures (e.g., water sup...
Aging <ul><li>Consequence of lower mortality regime and lower fertility ( except for the Baby Boom) .  </li></ul>Image fro...
Aging
Population pyramids, US 1950 1970 1990 2000 Source: http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idbpyr.html
Marriages and Divorces
Romeo/Juliet myth <ul><li>Shakespeare play, young marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Student responses when asked what proportion ...
Romeo/Juliet myth incorrect <ul><li>John Hajnal, older marriage in medieval  Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Louise Nagata, ...
Divorce <ul><li>Popular image: increases beginning in 60s </li></ul>Source: National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Ce...
Divorce <ul><li>Reality, after correcting for period and proportion </li></ul>Source: National Center for Health Statistic...
Languages <ul><li>Historical language use diverse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diverse flow to North America from 17 th , 18 th  ...
Languages <ul><li>New immigration since 1965 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After 41 years in closed-border policy </li></ul></ul><...
Consequential questions/perspectives <ul><li>Political discourse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aging: Health care v. education </l...
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Recent Reforms Background

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EDF 5607,
Common Myth-Takes, Part I

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  • Recent Reforms Background

    1. 1. Common Myth-takes on Education Change, Part I (puns definitely intended) (multimedia for educational purposes and used from public sources)
    2. 2. Topics <ul><li>Deaths </li></ul><ul><li>Aging </li></ul><ul><li>Marriages & Divorce </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul>
    3. 3. Mortality changes <ul><li>Declined broadly in last century. Measures: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infant mortality rate </li></ul></ul>Image from http://www.state.nj.us/health/bibs/education/1unsolved.html
    4. 4. Mortality changes <ul><li>Declined broadly in last century. Measures: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infant mortality rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Life expectancy ( not a predictive measure ) </li></ul></ul>Image from http://www.co.missoula.mt.us/measures/health.htm; its source: Source: Healthy People 2010 http:// www.health.gov/healthypeople /
    5. 5. Mortality changes <ul><li>Causes described by students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical technology, in general or… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Antibiotics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prenatal interventions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health care access and education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>General education or health-care knowledge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health care access, including prenatal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nutrition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hygiene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abortion policies </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Mortality changes <ul><li>Causes prominent in the literature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public health measures (e.g., water supplies) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private behavior (e.g., hand-washing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved nutrition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical interventions (limited before 1940) </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Aging <ul><li>Consequence of lower mortality regime and lower fertility ( except for the Baby Boom) . </li></ul>Image from http://www.umsl.edu/services/govdocs/erp/1997/chap3.htm
    8. 8. Aging
    9. 9. Population pyramids, US 1950 1970 1990 2000 Source: http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idbpyr.html
    10. 10. Marriages and Divorces
    11. 11. Romeo/Juliet myth <ul><li>Shakespeare play, young marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Student responses when asked what proportion of young women (20-24) in late 19 th century U.S. would have been married tend to cluster above 70%. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Romeo/Juliet myth incorrect <ul><li>John Hajnal, older marriage in medieval Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Louise Nagata, older marriage in 18th-19th-century Japan </li></ul><ul><li>In 1890 U.S. census, 48% of women 20-24 had ever been married. (85% of women 30-34). </li></ul><ul><li>In 1930, 54% of women 20-24 had ever been married </li></ul><ul><li>1960: 72% </li></ul><ul><li>1980: 50% </li></ul>Further reading: Edward Kain, The Myth of Family Decline
    13. 13. Divorce <ul><li>Popular image: increases beginning in 60s </li></ul>Source: National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau.
    14. 14. Divorce <ul><li>Reality, after correcting for period and proportion </li></ul>Source: National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau.
    15. 15. Languages <ul><li>Historical language use diverse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diverse flow to North America from 17 th , 18 th centuries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigration in 19 th and early 20 th century continued pattern </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example: Texas, end of 19 th century (Blanton) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student perceptions: Spanish, French, German, Native American (variety), Chinese </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most common languages: Spanish, German, Polish, Czech </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Languages <ul><li>New immigration since 1965 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After 41 years in closed-border policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variety of continental origins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mix of status for national groups (Portes & Rumbaut) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geographic dispersion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example: Florida, today </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 census: Spanish, French Creole, other French, German, Portuguese, Italian, Tagalog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2006-07 FDOE report: 221,979 English Language Learners, with 69 languages (95% with Spanish, Haitian-Creole, Portuguese, Vietnamese, French, or Arabic) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different Spanish dialects reflecting geographic origins (Lopez et al.) </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Consequential questions/perspectives <ul><li>Political discourse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aging: Health care v. education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family structure: who is responsible for education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigration and languages: assessment and accountability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Historical perspectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High proportion of population < 18 does not guarantee high attention to education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arguments about changing family structures are centuries old </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigration debates centuries old </li></ul></ul>

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