Presentation Skills Workshop
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Presentation Skills Workshop

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Presentation Skills Workshop given at Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, May 2009.

Presentation Skills Workshop given at Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, May 2009.
Offers tips and advice for making good and effective presentations.

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Presentation Skills Workshop Presentation Skills Workshop Presentation Transcript

  • Giving Scientific and Educational Presentations in English . A Workshop
    Dr Ray Wallace
    School of Science & Technology
    Nottingham Trent University
    UNITED KINGDOM
  • “Nothing in life is more important than the ability to communicate effectively” - Gerald L. Ford
  • Abilities Shown by Good Presenters
    Information is relevant to audience
    Informationpresented is well organised
    Voiceis easily heard and free of distractions (eg. ah, umm)
    Visual aidsare used effectively
    Audiences'attention and interest are held
    Appropriate gestures and body languageare used
    Enthusiasmfor the topic is demonstrated
  • Preparation“Fail to prepare, prepare to fail” -Anonymous
  • Planning
    Why am I giving this presentation?
    What is the primary message I want to communicate?
    Who will be the audience?
    How much time do I have to talk?
    • Where is the presentation taking place?
    • What equipment is available?
    • What does the organiser expect me to discuss?
  • Organisation“If you don’t know where you’re going you could wind up someplace else” -Yogi Berra (American baseball player -one of the most quoted figures in the sports world)
  • Organisational Structure
    • Tell them who you are and where you are from
    • Tell them the context of your work
    • Tell them what you are going to tell them
    • Tell them
    • Tell them what you told them
  • Your Audience
    • Who and where - people often do not know the different societal, educational etc arrangements in different countries
    • Context - eg training - which people does your work apply to, practitioners, managers, policy makers, what is their level of understanding?
    • What are you going to talk about? Is it research, application of methodology, new technology, policies, awareness training? MAKE IT CLEAR!
  • Your Audience
    • TELL THEM THE STORY!
    • Summarise what you have said by highlighting key points -only the sharpest of people take in and MEMORISE what has been said just once, repeating reinforces the major ideas and themes which you are trying to put across
  • Verbal Communication
    Language
    Projection of Voice
    Pitch
    Pace
    Verbal Gaps
  • Non Verbal Communication
    Posture
    Stance
    Gestures
    Eye Contact
    Nervous Behaviour
    Take a Deep Breath
    Be Prepared
    Be Realistic and Positive
    Gain Experience
  • Presentation Outline - example
    • Key Statements
    • Introduction
    • Opening Comments
    • Background Information
    • Purpose or Specific Aims
    • Body
    • Materials and Methods
    • Results
    • Conclusion
    • Summary and Conclusions
    • Recommendations or Future Directions
    • Closing Comments
  • Connector Statements
    Transitions
    Internal Previews
    Internal Summaries
    Signposts
  • Delivery Methods
    Reading
    Memorising
    Impromptu
    Extemporaneously
  • Rehearsal
    • Practice
    • Dry Run
    • Dress Rehearsal
  • Aids
    CLEAR OVERHEADS
    Notes - key words or phrases on cards (use large text)
    “A picture is worth a thousand words”
    or is it?
    Handouts - can help the audience retain more information about your topic
    is a saying/cliché that comes from an old Chinese proverb
    "A Picture's Meaning Can Express Ten Thousand Words".
  • Suggested breakdown of a 10-min Educational/Scientific Talk
  • Questions Why Does the Audience Ask Questions?
    To assist you and your research
    To test your knowledge
    For clarification
    To hear themselves talk
    To gain information
    To demonstrate how knowledgeable they are
    To gain attention
  • Questions
    • Information-Seeking Questions
    Clarifying
    Technical
    Anticipatory
    Peripheral
    • Antagonistic Questions
    Loaded
    Alternative
    Multiple List
    The Set Up