Giving Scientific and Educational Presentations in English . A Workshop<br />Dr Ray Wallace<br />School of Science & Technology<br />Nottingham Trent University<br />UNITED KINGDOM<br />
“Nothing in life is more important than the ability to communicate effectively” - Gerald L. Ford<br />
Abilities Shown by Good Presenters<br />Information is relevant to audience<br />Informationpresented is well organised<br />Voiceis easily heard and free of distractions (eg. ah, umm)<br />Visual aidsare used effectively<br />Audiences'attention and interest are held<br />Appropriate gestures and body languageare used<br />Enthusiasmfor the topic is demonstrated<br />
Preparation“Fail to prepare, prepare to fail” -Anonymous<br />
Planning<br />Why am I giving this presentation?<br />What is the primary message I want to communicate?<br />Who will be the audience?<br />How much time do I have to talk?<br /><ul><li>Where is the presentation taking place?
What does the organiser expect me to discuss?</li></li></ul><li>Organisation“If you don’t know where you’re going you could wind up someplace else” -Yogi Berra (American baseball player -one of the most quoted figures in the sports world)<br />
Organisational Structure<br /><ul><li>Tell them who you are and where you are from
Tell them what you told them</li></li></ul><li>Your Audience<br /><ul><li>Who and where - people often do not know the different societal, educational etc arrangements in different countries
Context - eg training - which people does your work apply to, practitioners, managers, policy makers, what is their level of understanding?
What are you going to talk about? Is it research, application of methodology, new technology, policies, awareness training? MAKE IT CLEAR! </li></li></ul><li>Your Audience<br /><ul><li>TELL THEM THE STORY!
Summarise what you have said by highlighting key points -only the sharpest of people take in and MEMORISE what has been said just once, repeating reinforces the major ideas and themes which you are trying to put across</li></li></ul><li>Verbal Communication<br />Language<br />Projection of Voice<br />Pitch<br />Pace<br />Verbal Gaps<br />
Non Verbal Communication<br />Posture<br />Stance<br />Gestures<br />Eye Contact<br />Nervous Behaviour<br />Take a Deep Breath<br />Be Prepared<br />Be Realistic and Positive<br />Gain Experience<br />
Dress Rehearsal</li></li></ul><li>Aids<br />CLEAR OVERHEADS<br />Notes - key words or phrases on cards (use large text)<br />“A picture is worth a thousand words” <br />or is it?<br />Handouts - can help the audience retain more information about your topic<br />is a saying/cliché that comes from an old Chinese proverb <br />"A Picture's Meaning Can Express Ten Thousand Words".<br />
Suggested breakdown of a 10-min Educational/Scientific Talk<br />
Questions Why Does the Audience Ask Questions?<br />To assist you and your research<br />To test your knowledge<br />For clarification<br />To hear themselves talk<br />To gain information<br />To demonstrate how knowledgeable they are<br />To gain attention<br />