Catalonia sp


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Catalonia sp

  1. 1. Catalonia
  2. 2. General characteristics <ul><li>Catalonia is one of the seventeen autonomous regions in Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>Catalonia comprises four provinces: Barcelona, Girona, Lleida and Tarragona. </li></ul><ul><li>The area of Catalonia is of 32,114 km 2 and has a population of 7,504,881. </li></ul><ul><li>The official languages are Spanish, Catalan and Aranese. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Geography <ul><li>Catalonia borders France and Andorra to the north, Aragon to the west, the Valencian Community to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea to the est. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Etymology <ul><li>The name Catalunya began to be used in the 12th century. The origin of the term is subject to diverse interpretation: </li></ul><ul><li>- Catalunya derives from the term &quot;Land of Castles&quot; having evolved from the term castlà . </li></ul><ul><li>- Catalunya derives from the name Gothia &quot;Land of the Goths’’ : Gothland > Gothlandia > Gothalania > Catalonia. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Climate <ul><li>The climate of Catalonia is diverse. The populated areas lying by the coast in Provinces of Tarragona, Barcelona, and Girona. feature a Mediterranean climate. The inland part (including the Lleida Province) and the inner part of Barcelona Province) show a mostly continental Mediterranean climate. The Pyreneean peaks have a mountain or even Alpine climate at the highest summits. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Languages <ul><li>Spanish and Catalan are the main languages spoken in Catalonia. </li></ul><ul><li>The Statute of Autonomy of 1979 declares the Catalan the native language of Catalonia. </li></ul><ul><li>Aranese (a dialect of Gascon Occitan) has been official and subject to special protection in the Aran Valley. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Catalan cuisine <ul><li>It’s a Mediterranean cuisine. </li></ul><ul><li>Typical dishes: </li></ul><ul><li>- Escudella (soup with pasta and minced meats and vegetables). </li></ul><ul><li>- Pa amb tomàquet (bread smeared with an olive oil, garlic and tomato sauce) </li></ul><ul><li>- Cargols a la llauna (cooked snails). </li></ul><ul><li>- Calçots (specially cultivated onions, grilled and served as a &quot;Calçotada&quot; ) </li></ul><ul><li>- Mongetes amb botifarra (beans and pork sausage) </li></ul><ul><li>- Allioli (a thick sauce made of garlic and olive oil). </li></ul><ul><li>- Crema catalana (the famous yellow cream made with yolks, milk and sugar). </li></ul><ul><li>- Mel i mató , a dessert of mató cheese with honey. </li></ul><ul><li>- Panellets ( small pastries made of pine nuts, almonds and sugar with different shapes and flavors, eaten during la Castanyada , on 1 November). </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Pa amb tomàquet. Calçots. </li></ul><ul><li>Mongetes amb botifarra. Crema catalana </li></ul>
  9. 9. Popular culture <ul><li>Traditions of Catalonia: </li></ul><ul><li>There are quite a number of festivals and traditions in Catalonia. While most are of ancient origin, certain traditions are of relatively recent introduction. There are also some that are common to the whole Catalan society, but others are relevant only to a particular location. Generally, locals welcome outsiders to share with them in their celebration. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Festivals and celebrations: </li></ul><ul><li>- The correfocs . People dancing to the sound of drums and the traditional gralla, while they set off their fireworks. </li></ul><ul><li>- The St. George Day (“Sant Jordi”) in which men give roses (mostly in a deep red color) to women, and women give a book to men as a present. That day is also known as &quot;Dia del Llibre&quot; (Book Day), coinciding with the anniversaries of the deaths of William Shakespeare, Miguel de Cervantes and Josep Pla. </li></ul><ul><li>- The colles castelleres is the most spectacular of the Catalan festivals. They are groups of enthusiasts who form impressive human towers (up to ten people high). This is an old tradition of the Tarragona region. </li></ul><ul><li>- The National Day of Catalonia , on September 11. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Dance and music: </li></ul><ul><li>Among the musical traditions, there are Les Sardanes . The sardana is a circular, open dance, that originated in the Empordà region (north of the country) and the Pyrenees, and is now danced in many squares and streets all over Catalonia. </li></ul><ul><li>Popular folk songs include &quot;El Rossinyol&quot;, &quot;La Balanguera&quot;, &quot;La Santa Espina&quot;, &quot;Virolai&quot; and &quot;El Cant dels Ocells&quot;.. Some of those songs became popular all over the world with the success of the choir around the beginning of the 20th century. Another song, created by the present singer Lluís Llach, L'Estaca , also gained sudden recognition as expressing the national feeling of Catalans. </li></ul><ul><li>Another important Catalan musical tradition is the singing of Havaneres and burning rhum together which often happens simultaneously. </li></ul>