Classification of Plants
Plant Kingdom

Non-flowering
Plants

Flowering
Plants
3 groups

Non - flowering Plants

Mosses

Ferns

Gymnosperms

Do NOT produce flowers
A plant can be divided into 3 parts
Examples of Mosses
Spore-producing capsule

spores
Characteristics of Mosses
Simplest plants
No true roots, No vascular tissues (no transport)
Simple stems & leaves
Have rhi...
A leaf (finely
divided into
small parts)
underground
stem
root
Characteristics of Ferns
roots, feathery leaves & underground stems
have vascular tissues (transport & support)
Spore-prod...
needle-shaped leaves
Male cones
(in clusters)

Female cones
(scattered)
Characteristics of Gymnosperms
tall evergreen trees
roots, woody stems
needle-shaped leaves
vascular tissues (transport)
c...
2 groups

Flowering
Plants

Monocotyledons

Dicotyledons

roots, stems, leaves
vascular tissues (transport)
flowers, fruit...
Monocotyledons

Parallel veins
Characteristics of Monocotyledons
one seed-leaf
leaves have parallel veins
herbaceous plants
e.g. grass, maize
Dicotyledons
Veins in network
Characteristics of Dicotyledons
two seed-leaves
leaves have veins in network
e.g. trees, sunflower, rose
Plant Classification
Plants

Non-flowering
Sporebearing
No
roots
Mosses

with
roots
Ferns

Naked
seeds
Gymnosperms

Flower...
Classification of plants
Classification of plants
Classification of plants
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Classification of plants

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Classification of plants

  1. 1. Classification of Plants
  2. 2. Plant Kingdom Non-flowering Plants Flowering Plants
  3. 3. 3 groups Non - flowering Plants Mosses Ferns Gymnosperms Do NOT produce flowers
  4. 4. A plant can be divided into 3 parts
  5. 5. Examples of Mosses
  6. 6. Spore-producing capsule spores
  7. 7. Characteristics of Mosses Simplest plants No true roots, No vascular tissues (no transport) Simple stems & leaves Have rhizoids for anchorage Spores from capsules (wind-dispersal) Damp terrestrial land
  8. 8. A leaf (finely divided into small parts) underground stem root
  9. 9. Characteristics of Ferns roots, feathery leaves & underground stems have vascular tissues (transport & support) Spore-producing organ on the underside of leaves (reproduction) Damp & shady places
  10. 10. needle-shaped leaves
  11. 11. Male cones (in clusters) Female cones (scattered)
  12. 12. Characteristics of Gymnosperms tall evergreen trees roots, woody stems needle-shaped leaves vascular tissues (transport) cones with reproductive structures naked seeds in female cones dry places
  13. 13. 2 groups Flowering Plants Monocotyledons Dicotyledons roots, stems, leaves vascular tissues (transport) flowers, fruits (contain seeds)
  14. 14. Monocotyledons Parallel veins
  15. 15. Characteristics of Monocotyledons one seed-leaf leaves have parallel veins herbaceous plants e.g. grass, maize
  16. 16. Dicotyledons Veins in network
  17. 17. Characteristics of Dicotyledons two seed-leaves leaves have veins in network e.g. trees, sunflower, rose
  18. 18. Plant Classification Plants Non-flowering Sporebearing No roots Mosses with roots Ferns Naked seeds Gymnosperms Flowering 1 seedleaf Monocots 2 seedleaves Dicots

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