Manual HandlingHealth and Safety Advice for Stonemasons Stonemasonry Department 2011
Statistics Statistics Number of major injuries to employees in construction 2008/2009 Falls from Height Slips, trips or falls (same height) Struck by moving/falling object Injured lifting, handling or carrying According to statistics for reported major injuries in the construction industry in 2008/2009, lifting, handling or carrying accounted for 16.7% of total injuries. *Information taken from Construction Intelligence Report, HSE,
LegislationManual handling operations arecovered by the Manual HandlingOperations Regulations(MHOR) 1992. A copy of themanual handling regulationscan be found at the followingwebsite:http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/1992/2793/contents/made
Employers Responsibilities Avoid Assess Reduce The regulations require employers to: Avoid the need for hazardous manual handling, so far as is reasonably practicable Assess the risk of injury from any hazardous manual handling that cant be avoided Reduce the risk of injury from hazardous manual handling, so far as is reasonably practicable
Your Responsibilities Make appropriate use of equipment provided for your safety Co-operate with your employer on health and safety matters Inform your employer if you identify a hazardous handling activity Ensure your activities do not put others at risk
TrainingBefore carrying out a manual handling task, operatives should have received manualhandling training. The training should include:•Manual handling risk factors and howinjuries can occur•How to carry out safe manual handlingincluding good handling technique•Appropriate systems of work for theindividual’s tasks and environment•Use of mechanical aids•Practical work to allow the trainer toidentify and put right anything the traineeis not doing safely
Assessing the RiskYour employer has a duty to assess the risks associated with manual handling. Whencarrying out their risk assessment, they should consider the following:•The task•The load•The environment•Individual capability•Other factorsThe next slides will identify the questionsyour employer must answer for each of theconsiderations
The TaskYour employer has a duty to answer the following questions regarding the lifting task.Does the task involve:•Holding or manipulating loads at distance from thetrunk?•Unsatisfactory bodily movement or posture, especiallytwisting the trunk, stooping or reaching upward?•Excessive movement of loads including excessive liftingor lowering distances, carrying distances or pushing orpulling of loads?•Risk of sudden movement of loads?•Frequent or prolonged physical effort?•Insufficient rest or recovery periods?•A rate of work imposed by a process?
The LoadYour employer has a duty to answer the following questions regarding the load of theobject being lifted. Is the load:•Heavy?•Bulky or unwieldy?•Difficult to grasp?•Unstable, or with contents likelyto shift?•Sharp, hot or otherwisepotentially damaging?
The EnvironmentYour employer has a duty to answer the following questions regarding theenvironment. Are there:•Space constraints preventing goodposture?•Uneven, slippery or unstable floors?•Variations in level of floors or worksurfaces?•Extremes of temperature or humidity?•Conditions causing ventilation problemsor gusts of wind?•Poor lighting conditions?
Individual CapabilityYour employer has a duty to answer the following questions regarding individualcapability and other factors. Does the job:•Require unusual strength, height etc?•Create a hazard to those who mightreasonably be considered to be pregnant or tohave a health problem?•Require special information or training for itssafe performance?•Is movement or posture hindered bypersonal protective equipment or by clothing?
Manual Handling LoadsThe MHOC 1992 does not specify what is considered to be a safe working load. Thedegree of risk associated with lifting varies according to the nature of the load, thecircumstances in which the lift takes place, how often the lifting is carried out and theweight of the item being lifted. The diagram above should be considered a guide.
Lifting Safely 1. Adopt a stable position with feet apart and one leg slightly forward to maintain balance 2. Start in a good posture 3. Keep the head up when handling 4. Put the load down then adjust
ReferencesThe information in this presentation has been sourced from:•Getting to Grips with Manual Handling, A Short Guide: HSE Publications•Health and Safety in Construction: HSE Publications•Construction Intelligence Report: HSE Publications•http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/1992/2793/contents/made
Developed by The Stonemasonry Department City of Glasgow College 2011