Prevention 4 RCTs of pressure relieving interventions were identified. Interventions for the prevention of diabetic foot ulcers indicated that in-shoe orthotics are of benefit. The relative merits of different in-shoe orthotics are unclear; cushioning and pressure redistribution appear of equal benefit. Other pressure relieving interventions such as running shoes have not been adequately evaluated and removable casts (Scotchcast or Hope) or foam inlays do not appear to have been evaluated at all in randomised controlled studies. Treatment 1 RCT of total contact casting indicated that it was effective in the treatment of diabetic ulcers although the evidence was limited .
Topical negative pressure therapy for treating chronic wounds Topical negative pressure (TNP) therapy is the application of negative pressure across a wound to aid wound healing. The pressure is thought to aid the drainage of excess fluid, reduce infection rates and increase localised blood flow. TNP is also known as vacuum assisted closure (VAC) and sealed surface wound suction. Seven trials compared TNP with either moistened gauze dressings or other topical agents and found no difference in effects. One very small, poor quality trial (7 wounds) showed a reduction in wound volume and depth in favour of TNP. There is no valid or reliable evidence that topical negative pressure increases chronic wound healing.
There is evidence to suggest that hydrogel increases the healing rate of diabetic foot ulcers compared with gauze dressings or standard care and larval therapy resulted in significantly greater reduction in wound area than hydrogel. More research is needed to evaluate the effects of a range of widely used debridement methods and of debridement per se.
12 Weeks Sheehan 2003 Diabetes Care
Bring Semmes Weinstein tester and vibration tester
Affects C Fibers and A delta (small ones first)
Bring in pressure stat
Before and after
Auburn VNA Diagnosis and Management of Simple Podiatric Problems Don Pelto, DPM Central Massachusetts Podiatry, PC Worcester, MA