God’s people…in God’s land…ruled by God’s king…acc. to God’s law
God the Creator & RedeemerThe Patriarchs (Father figures of Israel)Moses, Joshua (& the birth of a nation)Period of the JudgesMonarchy United (Saul, David & Solomon) Divided (North & South)Prophets Captivity Exile Return (Isaiah, Jeremiah Daniel , Ezekiel Ezra/Nehemiah)
First five books of the BibleGreek: pente (five) & teuchos (scroll)Torah (Law/Instruction): Book of the Law of MosesHistory: From beginning of recorded time formation of Israel as God’s people, awaiting entry into their “promised land” (1400 or 1250 BC)Theological foundation for rest of the Bible…History seen through Theology
Genesis = book of beginningsExodus = book of salvation (“departure”)Leviticus = book of worship (& priesthood)Numbers = book of wilderness journeysDeuteronomy = book of the second Law
God is … & He is a great King (sovereign)History is His Story (in time & space)Humanity is special…but fallen!Paradise lost – & the search for peace (shalom)God loves & God saves (always takes the initiative)There is a way back to God (vs. a way of man)God wants a people …to know him (relationship) …to be like him (holiness) …to reveal him, to the nations
Compiled by Moses?During late bronze age (1500-1200 BC)Probably during period of 1450-1400 BC Fertile crescent in Arabia (2000 yrs) Palestine (200 yrs) Egypt (100 yrs)Relationships (God to nature; God to humanity; Human to human)
Where did everything come from?Why are we here?Are we alone in the universe?What’s wrong with the world?Why do we do the things we do?Where are we going?Is this life all there is?
God is!God is one, is distinct & yet is personalGod is sovereign (in control)God enters into covenants (binding agreements)God can be known thru… sacrifice by...... faith
Primeval history Patriarchal history(Chapters 1-11) (Chapters 12-50)1. Creation (1-2) 1. Abraham (12-21)2. Fall (3-4) 2. Isaac (22-25)3. Flood (5-9) 3. Jacob (25-36)4. Scattering of the 4. Joseph (37-50) nations (10-11)Four foundational Four foundational stories people
AdamCain Abel Seth (various generations) Noah (pre- Bronze-age c. 3500 BC) Shem Ham Japheth (various generations) Terah (c. 2300 BC) Abraham Nahor Haran Isaac Ishmael Jacob Esau Joseph (& his 11 brothers) – Twelve Tribes of Israel
“This is the account (these are the generations) of…”1. The heavens & the earth 2:4-4:262. Adam’s line 5:1-6:83. Noah (Adam’s descendant) 6:9-9:294. Shem, Ham & Japheth 10:1-11:95. Shem (Noah’s son) 11:10-266. Terah (Shem’s descendant 11:27-25:11 & Abraham’s father)7. Ishmael (Abraham’s son) 25:12-188. Isaac (Abraham’s son) 25:19-35:299. Esau (Isaac’s son) 36:1-37:110. Jacob (Isaac’s son 37:2-50:26 & Joseph’s father)
The Story of Creation
Order & design (1:1-2:3)
Intro. “God said” What? Response?Day 1 LightDay 2 SkyDay 3 Land Good Vegetation GoodDay 4 Sun, moon & stars GoodDay 5 Fish & birds Good/ BlessedDay 6 Animals Good Humans Very good/ BlessedDay 7 “God rested…sanctified” Blessed
Announcement: “And God said…” Command (Creative word): “Let there be…” Report (Fulfillment): “And it was so…” Evaluation: “And God saw that it was good…” Conclusion: “There was evening & morning…” • The bricklayer (foundation & walls) • The carpenter (framing) • The plumber (piping) • The electrician (wiring) • The plasterer (covering) • The decorator (presentation/ finishing) A day off!
Creation science/ Creationism: God created the universe during 6 consecutive 24 hour days 6000-10,000 years ago, precisely as a literal interpretation of Genesis would indicate. All of the various species of plants and animals that currently exist (and that once existed) on earth are descendants of the original life forms that God created during the single week of creation. This is largely rejected among scientists today.Theistic evolution/ Intelligent design: The universe is about 15 billion years old. The earths crust developed about 4 billion years ago. God created the first cell, and then used evolution as a tool to guide the development of each new species. The process, in successive stages, culminated in human beings.Scientific/ Naturalism: Beliefs are similar to the theistic view, except that God is assumed to have played no part in the processes. Scientists assume evolution was driven by blind, random, purely natural forces.
The universe started with the "big bang" c.15 billion years agoThe world coalesced about 4.5 billion years ago.The earth developed a crust about 3.9 billion years ago.Crude, primitive forms of life appeared shortly thereafter.Plant and animal species have been evolving ever since.Fossil-bearing rock layers are composed of sediment which was laid down over an interval of millions of years.Dinosaurs became extinct tens of millions of years ago, long before the first humans evolved. Meteor shower?Humans evolved thru intervention of God 40,000+ years ago (from dust of the ground, along with animals, but received the neshana/ breath of life, from God)
1. 15-8 (billion) Creation of universe Big bang2. Light separates from darkness .Electrons bond to form nuclei, light appears, galaxies form.2. 8-4 (billion) Heavenly firmament forms .Milky Way & Sun (main star) forms3. 4-2 (billion) Oceans/ dry land appear. Earth cools / liquid water appears. First life form (plants). Bacteria/ algae life forms.4. 2 (billion)-750,000 Sun, moon & stars Earth’s atmosphere transparent, becomes visible in heavens. Photosynthesis produces oxygen-rich atmosphere.5. 750,000-250,000 First animal life (in waters), First multi-cellular animals, reptiles & winged creatures waters swarm & insects form.6. 250,000-6000 Land animals, mammals, Massive extinction destroys c .90% of life. Land repopulated. Hominids, humankind
Creationism Intelligent Evolution designHenry Morris Charles Darwin Bernard RammJohn Whitcomb David Attenborough Hugh RossDuane T. Gish Stephen J. Gould Phillip JohnsonKen Ham Richard Dawkins William DembskiKent Hovind (Theistic Evolution) Lee StrobelTim LaHaye Francis Collins Jonathan WellsJohn MacArthur Alistair McGrath J.P. Moreland NT Wright
Relationship & responsibility (2:4-25)
When God created man (adam), he made him in the likeness of God. He created them male (zakar ) and female (nekebah) and blessed them. And when they were created, he called them “man”. [adam] Gen. 5:1-2 NB. Always know when the Hebrew is …adam (humanity/ mankind), ish/ ishah (man/ woman or husband/ wife); or zakar/ nekebah (male/ female)
NOTE:Man alone = “not good” Man/woman= “very good”Together they reflect the image of God.“God blessed them” (1:28)Together they are commanded to “rule”… “be fruitful”, “increase/ fill”, “subdue”.“The helper” (2:18) – equal yet distinctBefore the fall, equality – afterwards heirarchy
What it is not! What it is!Physical Mental likenessPsychological Moral likenessPerfection Social likenessNOTE:History begins & ends in a garden.Man was a “living being (or soul)” - “breath of life”.Mankind created for relationship & freedom-with-responsibilityto tend/ rule God’s creation (together).
Key lessons:Role of the “serpent” (Rev. 12:9; 20:2)Process of temptation (cf. James 1:14-16) “Deceived – desire – dragged away – death”Did they die? – they did, they are & they will !Shame, fear & separation (from God)Eve was deceived, Adam was right by her side (v.6) & he disobeyed knowingly.Deception & disobedience always bring consequences
(Serpent) Visible curse upon the creature & first promise of salvation (through suffering). (vv. 14-15)(Woman) Pain in childbearing & hierarchy in her relationship with the man. (v. 16)(Man) Curse upon the ground. Work will become a painful toil. His body will die & return to the ground. Names his wife, “Eve”. (vv. 17-20) God banishes man from Eden, but protects them & provides for their salvation. (vv. 21-24)
“Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner.” (1 Tim 2:14; 2 Cor. 11:3)“Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned.” (Rom. 5:12; 2 Cor. 15:21-22)“We know …that the whole world is under the control of the evil one.” (1 John 5:19; Rev. 12:9)
Cain …IndividualsFlood …FamiliesTower of Babel…Nations
“What causes fights1 and quarrels2 among you? Dont they come from your desires3 that battle4 within you?” James 4:11 (polemos – war, battle, strife, dispute)2 (mache – armed hand to hand combatants)3 (hedone – desire for personal pleasure/ satisfaction)4 (stratheuomai – lead soldiers in a military expedition to war; to fight)
“Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil. In the course of time Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offering to the LORD. But Abel brought fat portions from some of the firstborn of his flock. The LORD looked with favor (gaze upon with high regard) on Abel and his offering, but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor (pay no attention; turn one’s eyes away)”.
Anger, jealousy, hatred & deceitDo not be like Cain, who belonged to the evil one and murdered his brother. And why did he murder him? Because his own actions were evil and his brothers were righteous. (1 Jn. 3:12)By faith Abel offered God a better sacrifice than Cain did. By faith he was commended as a righteous man, when God spoke well of his offerings. And by faith he still speaks, even though he is dead. (Heb. 11:4)
He makes a way open to all (Gen. 3:21)It is ONLY on the basis of sacrifice, faith & obedience (& this may be costly)We always attempt to come our own wayWhen we do, God will always turn away & send us away from his presenceThis will affect our descendants & our cultureThere is a godly line & an ungodly line
Building urban centres for our own gloryPolygamy (& challenging the nature of marriage)Nomadic lifestyle & farmingMusic & the artsMetallurgy (tools…& weapons)-Bronze age 3500 BC+Vengeance, pride…killing & war “The Days of Noah” (Matt. 24:37-38; 1 Peter 3:20)
The necessity for the flood (Gen. 6:1-8, 11-13)The preparations for the flood Construction of the Ark; preaching to people; gathering of animalsThe duration of the flood 7 days waiting-40 days flooding-150 days flooded-1 year waitingThe consequences of the flood Altar – Covenant – Sign of covenant – New Laws Scattering of the nations (Gen. 11…& 10)
Who were the “Nephilim”(6:4)?Was the flood local or global?Why did Noah curse one of his son’s children (Canaan) afterwards (9:25)?
Three views: Intermarriage of godly & ungodly lines (Fallen) angels have sex with human women and produce these “fallen ones” Men (possessed by evil spirits) have sex with women and produce a certain evil offspring (cf. Numbers 13:33)
Shem (Semitic people) Ancestor of Eber (“Hebrew”) Under a blessing Moved East toward the hill country Ancestor of Terah & AbrahamHam (father of Canaanites) Under a curse (9:25) Ancestor of warrior peoples (Assyrians, Babylonians,Philistines & Canaanites tribes) Territory included such cities as Sodom, Gomorrah, Sidon &Gaza Moved into AfricaJapheth Under a blessing Ancestor of Soviet & European peoples (“maritimenations”)
JAPHETH SHEM HAM
ABRAHAM – father of the promise ISAAC – son of the promise JACOB – inheritor of the promise (JOSEPH…continuation of story of Jacob)
God God God Promise Blessing GraceFaith/ Trust Obedience HumilityAbraham Isaac Jacob
The call of Abraham (ch. 12) The covenant with Abraham (chs. 15 & 17) A relationship – a seed (son) – a nation – a land …all nations The foolish mistake (ch.16) & the wise choice (ch.22) The father of faith & The friend of God Romans 4… “The righteous…” (Rom. 1:17) James 2… “shall live…” (Gal. 3:11) Hebrews 11… “by faith.” (Heb. 10:38)
Promised (12:2-3) Formed (15:18) Confirmed/ sealed (17) Re-stated (22:15-18) Confirmed to Isaac (26:2-6, 23-25) Transmitted to Jacob (27:27-29; 28:1-4) Confirmed to Jacob (28:13-15; 35:9-12; 46:3-4) Transmitted to Judah, not Joseph! (49:10)
The LORD had said to Abram, "Leave your country, your people and your fathers household & go to the land I will show you.I will make you into a great nation and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing.I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you." (Gen. 12:1-3)
When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the LORD appeared to him and said, "I am God Almighty...I will confirm my covenant between me and you and I will greatly increase your numbersThis is my covenant with you: You will be the father of many nations. No longer will you be called Abram (exalted father) ; your name will be Abraham (father of many), for I have made you a father of many nations. I will make you very fruitful; I will make nations of you, and kings will come from you. I will establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come, to be your God and the God of your descendants after you.” (Gen. 17:1-7)
This is what Isaiah saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem: In the last days the mountain of the LORDs temple will be established as chief among the mountains; it will be raised above the hills, and all nations will stream to it.Many peoples will come and say, “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob. He will teach us his ways, so that we may walk in his paths.”The law will go out from Zion, the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. He will judge between the nations and will settle disputes for many peoples.They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore.Come, O house of Jacob, let us walk in the light of the LORD. (Isaiah 2:1-5)
God A People The Nations“New heavens & New earth”
His miraculous birth (ch. 21) His father’s test (ch. 22) The death of his mother & discovery of his wife (chs. 23-24) The death of his father & birth of his twin sons (ch. 25) His obedience during the famine (ch. 24) The bestowal of his blessing by deception (ch. 27) by choice (ch. 28)
GRACE The need for transformation (25:19-28:9) Rivalry – favoritism - deception The way God transforms (28:10-32:32) Shows him Himself – shows him himself The results of transformation (33:1-36:40) New courage – humility – generosity - worship
Type (picture) of Jesus? Favoured son Despised brother A slave in Egypt Special A prince of Egypt role of dreams The saviour of his family** Joseph was not officially one of the patriarchs, but rather an extensionof Jacob’s story. Also remember that the line through which the Messiah/ blessing would come was Judah – not Joseph **
• Reuben • Dan• Simeon • Gad• Levi (priests) • Asher• Judah (kings) • Naphtali• Zebulun • Joseph• Issachar • Benjamin “So Joseph died at the age of 110. And after theyembalmed him, he was placed in a coffin in Egypt.”