Mexico to America case study
<ul><li>Migration is the movement of people from one region to another on a permanent basis  </li></ul>
<ul><li>It usually occurs over some considerable distances and can be from country to country  </li></ul><ul><li>Internati...
<ul><li>Economic -  To improve job prospects, income and standard of living which is usually the most important for the ma...
<ul><li>Push factors -  are disadvantages or problems with an area that cause people to leave - such as few jobs, lack of ...
 
<ul><li>International migration is the movement of populations between countries  </li></ul><ul><li>Around 70 million peop...
<ul><li>Relief of shortages such as jobs, housing for country of departure  </li></ul><ul><li>Emigrants send money back to...
<ul><li>The country of departure loses its most enterprising individuals  </li></ul><ul><li>Only the very young and old re...
 
<ul><li>There is a 2000km border between USA and Mexico.  </li></ul><ul><li>1 million + Mexicans migrate to the USA every ...
 
<ul><li>Poor medical facilities - 1800 per doctor  </li></ul><ul><li>Low paid jobs - (GNP = $3750)  </li></ul><ul><li>Adul...
<ul><li>Excellent medical facilities - 400 per doctor  </li></ul><ul><li>Well paid jobs - GNP = $24,750)  </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Illegal migration costs the USA millions of dollars for border patrols and prisons  </li></ul><ul><li>Mexicans are...
<ul><li>The Mexican countryside has a shortage of economically active people  </li></ul><ul><li>Many men emigrate leaving ...
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Migration For Website

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Migration For Website

  1. 1. Mexico to America case study
  2. 2. <ul><li>Migration is the movement of people from one region to another on a permanent basis </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>It usually occurs over some considerable distances and can be from country to country </li></ul><ul><li>International migrants are called immigrants (migrants who come into a country) and emigrants (migrants who leave a country) </li></ul><ul><li>In Medc's most internal migrants move from urban areas to rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>In Ledc's most internal movement is from rural areas to urban areas </li></ul><ul><li>Forced Migration is where people who are known as refugees migrate to escape persecution or natural disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary migration us where people move to improve their quality of life </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Economic - To improve job prospects, income and standard of living which is usually the most important for the majority of people. </li></ul><ul><li>Social - The prospect of better educational opportunities, better medical services, or the desire to join families and friends. </li></ul><ul><li>Political - Religious or Political persecution, forcing people to flee for their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental - Problems caused by drought, famine, epidemics, volcanic eruptions or other environmental disasters. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Push factors - are disadvantages or problems with an area that cause people to leave - such as few jobs, lack of educational or medical facilities & religious persecution </li></ul><ul><li>Pull Factors - are advantages that attract migrants to a particular destination - They are often the opposite of push factors or could be more specific as in many wishing to come to Britain for their knowledge of the language for example </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>International migration is the movement of populations between countries </li></ul><ul><li>Around 70 million people migrate between countries every year </li></ul><ul><li>This type of migration is less common than internal population due to the longer distances involved and the political controls imposed by countries to restrict the free movement of people </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Relief of shortages such as jobs, housing for country of departure </li></ul><ul><li>Emigrants send money back to their families </li></ul><ul><li>If migrants return they take back new skills with them </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of birth rate as it is mainly the young males who leave the country </li></ul><ul><li>The host country acquire young energetic workers with enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural diversification and a more multi-ethnic society develops </li></ul><ul><li>Unwanted jobs are filled by cheap labour </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>The country of departure loses its most enterprising individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Only the very young and old remain creating a vicious circle of decline </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of emigration culture </li></ul><ul><li>Inhabitants depend on remittances from the people who have emigrated </li></ul><ul><li>In the host country there is increased pressure on resources such as housing </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination can develop against the ethnic minorities </li></ul><ul><li>Congestion can develop in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Disease can spread - TB </li></ul><ul><li>Social problems can develop due predominance of young male migrants </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>There is a 2000km border between USA and Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>1 million + Mexicans migrate to the USA every year. </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal migration is a huge problem for USA and Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>US Border Patrol guard the border and try to prevent illegal immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>850,000 were caught in 1995 and were deported </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>Poor medical facilities - 1800 per doctor </li></ul><ul><li>Low paid jobs - (GNP = $3750) </li></ul><ul><li>Adult literacy rates 55% - poor education prospects </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy 72 yrs </li></ul><ul><li>40% Unemployed </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>Excellent medical facilities - 400 per doctor </li></ul><ul><li>Well paid jobs - GNP = $24,750) </li></ul><ul><li>Adult literacy rates 99% - good education prospects </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy 76 yrs </li></ul><ul><li>Many jobs available for low paid workers such as Mexicans </li></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>Illegal migration costs the USA millions of dollars for border patrols and prisons </li></ul><ul><li>Mexicans are seen as a drain on the USA economy </li></ul><ul><li>Migrant workers keep wages low which affects Americans </li></ul><ul><li>They cause problems in cities due cultural and racial issues </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican migrants benefit the US economy by working for low wages </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican culture has enriched the US border states with food, language and music </li></ul><ul><li>The incidents of TB has been increasing greatly due to the increased migration </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>The Mexican countryside has a shortage of economically active people </li></ul><ul><li>Many men emigrate leaving a majority of women who have trouble finding marraige partners </li></ul><ul><li>Young people tend to migrate leaving the old and the very young </li></ul><ul><li>Legal and illegal immigrants together send some $6 billion a year back to Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Certain villages such as Santa Ines have lost 2/3 of its inhabitants </li></ul>

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