Concern of Rural India

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Concern of Rural India

  1. 1. CONCERNS OF RURAL INDIA AND THEIR TECHNICAL SOLUTION PROJECT BY:- SHEETAL JADHAV RACHAN THOMAS DONNY DAVIS
  2. 2. PROBLEMS <ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Illiteracy </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Health Care </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>63% of all Rural households in India do not have electricity </li></ul><ul><li>10-15 hours of blackouts </li></ul><ul><li>Shortfall of about 15-20,000 MW of electricity in the country </li></ul>POWER
  4. 4. <ul><li>Rural India depends on water for farming. </li></ul><ul><li>Farming takes 80% of India’s Water </li></ul><ul><li>Scarcity of water leads to Crop Failure on a large Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to various Socio- Economic Problems </li></ul>WATER SCARCITY
  5. 5. WATER POLLUTION Water quality affected habitations as on 01.04.2006. Nearly 60% of rural water is contaminated by fluorides, chlorides and other harmful substances
  6. 6. Solution <ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Generation </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Generation </li></ul>?
  7. 7. Energy generation <ul><li>Biomass </li></ul><ul><li>solar power </li></ul><ul><li>wind </li></ul>
  8. 8. Biomass <ul><li>Derived from Biological Wastes. </li></ul><ul><li>Inexhaustible Energy Resource </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5x100 KW capacity biomass gasification project in Sunderbans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 biomass projects of 17.55 MW at Ambala and Karnal </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Solar energy <ul><li>Electrical generation by means of heat engines or photovoltaics </li></ul><ul><li>Used for heating places, cooking, water distillation, day lighting, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Lower Operating Costs & can be harnessed individually </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sagar Dweep (WB) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar panel in Pondicherry supplies 3 MWs of Power. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Wind Energy <ul><li>Generation of electricity by wind </li></ul><ul><li>Clean and no greenhouse emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Feasible in Rural areas because of open areas and thus uninterrupted flow of air </li></ul><ul><li>Not yet tried in Rural areas. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Water conservation <ul><li>Rainwater Harvesting </li></ul><ul><li>Artificial Rainfall </li></ul>
  12. 12. Rainwater Harvesting <ul><li>Better collection of rainwater. </li></ul><ul><li>Involves tapping Rainwater and building bunds on Rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. Johads built in Rajasthan </li></ul>JOHAD in Rajasthan
  13. 13. Artificial Rainfall <ul><li>Releasing chemicals like Silver iodide & dry Ice to induce precipitation in Clouds </li></ul><ul><li>IITM ( Pune ) working in this Direction </li></ul><ul><li>BMC used it to fill the lakes that supply water to Mumbai </li></ul>Cloud Seeding Process
  14. 14. Case Study: Modern energy Village <ul><li>Situated at Kanhe near Lonavla. </li></ul><ul><li>Project Undertaken by Dr. Chandrakant Phatak </li></ul>Flour mill powered by Bicycle Bicycle Powered Battery Charger Water Pump powered by Bicycle Vehicle Powered By Biomass
  15. 15. Appropriate Rural Technology Institute(ARTI) <ul><li>Led by Dr. P. Karve </li></ul><ul><li>Ashden Award for Renewable </li></ul><ul><li> Energy 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>World Technology Award in ‘Environment’ Category 2005 (Dr. P. Karve) </li></ul><ul><li>Ashden Award for Sustainable Energy 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Jamanalal Bajaj Award for Application of Science for Rural Development 2007 (Dr. A.D. Karve) </li></ul>Rooted cuttings Rooted leaves Banana Tissueculture SARAI Cooker
  16. 16. CONCLUSION
  17. 17. T H A N K Y O U

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