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Concern of Rural India
Concern of Rural India
Concern of Rural India
Concern of Rural India
Concern of Rural India
Concern of Rural India
Concern of Rural India
Concern of Rural India
Concern of Rural India
Concern of Rural India
Concern of Rural India
Concern of Rural India
Concern of Rural India
Concern of Rural India
Concern of Rural India
Concern of Rural India
Concern of Rural India
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Concern of Rural India

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  • 1. CONCERNS OF RURAL INDIA AND THEIR TECHNICAL SOLUTION PROJECT BY:- SHEETAL JADHAV RACHAN THOMAS DONNY DAVIS
  • 2. PROBLEMS <ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Illiteracy </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Health Care </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>63% of all Rural households in India do not have electricity </li></ul><ul><li>10-15 hours of blackouts </li></ul><ul><li>Shortfall of about 15-20,000 MW of electricity in the country </li></ul>POWER
  • 4. <ul><li>Rural India depends on water for farming. </li></ul><ul><li>Farming takes 80% of India’s Water </li></ul><ul><li>Scarcity of water leads to Crop Failure on a large Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to various Socio- Economic Problems </li></ul>WATER SCARCITY
  • 5. WATER POLLUTION Water quality affected habitations as on 01.04.2006. Nearly 60% of rural water is contaminated by fluorides, chlorides and other harmful substances
  • 6. Solution <ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Generation </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Generation </li></ul>?
  • 7. Energy generation <ul><li>Biomass </li></ul><ul><li>solar power </li></ul><ul><li>wind </li></ul>
  • 8. Biomass <ul><li>Derived from Biological Wastes. </li></ul><ul><li>Inexhaustible Energy Resource </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5x100 KW capacity biomass gasification project in Sunderbans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 biomass projects of 17.55 MW at Ambala and Karnal </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. Solar energy <ul><li>Electrical generation by means of heat engines or photovoltaics </li></ul><ul><li>Used for heating places, cooking, water distillation, day lighting, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Lower Operating Costs & can be harnessed individually </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sagar Dweep (WB) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar panel in Pondicherry supplies 3 MWs of Power. </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Wind Energy <ul><li>Generation of electricity by wind </li></ul><ul><li>Clean and no greenhouse emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Feasible in Rural areas because of open areas and thus uninterrupted flow of air </li></ul><ul><li>Not yet tried in Rural areas. </li></ul>
  • 11. Water conservation <ul><li>Rainwater Harvesting </li></ul><ul><li>Artificial Rainfall </li></ul>
  • 12. Rainwater Harvesting <ul><li>Better collection of rainwater. </li></ul><ul><li>Involves tapping Rainwater and building bunds on Rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. Johads built in Rajasthan </li></ul>JOHAD in Rajasthan
  • 13. Artificial Rainfall <ul><li>Releasing chemicals like Silver iodide & dry Ice to induce precipitation in Clouds </li></ul><ul><li>IITM ( Pune ) working in this Direction </li></ul><ul><li>BMC used it to fill the lakes that supply water to Mumbai </li></ul>Cloud Seeding Process
  • 14. Case Study: Modern energy Village <ul><li>Situated at Kanhe near Lonavla. </li></ul><ul><li>Project Undertaken by Dr. Chandrakant Phatak </li></ul>Flour mill powered by Bicycle Bicycle Powered Battery Charger Water Pump powered by Bicycle Vehicle Powered By Biomass
  • 15. Appropriate Rural Technology Institute(ARTI) <ul><li>Led by Dr. P. Karve </li></ul><ul><li>Ashden Award for Renewable </li></ul><ul><li> Energy 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>World Technology Award in ‘Environment’ Category 2005 (Dr. P. Karve) </li></ul><ul><li>Ashden Award for Sustainable Energy 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Jamanalal Bajaj Award for Application of Science for Rural Development 2007 (Dr. A.D. Karve) </li></ul>Rooted cuttings Rooted leaves Banana Tissueculture SARAI Cooker
  • 16. CONCLUSION
  • 17. T H A N K Y O U

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