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Indonesian Internet Censorship Report 2010 (updated ver.3)
 

Indonesian Internet Censorship Report 2010 (updated ver.3)

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Indonesian “Internet Censorship” Brief Report for OpenNet Initiative (ONI) Global Summit - 2010, Ottawa - Canada. Prepared and presented by Donny B.U. / ICT Watch, 29th June 2010. Updated ver.3 / ...

Indonesian “Internet Censorship” Brief Report for OpenNet Initiative (ONI) Global Summit - 2010, Ottawa - Canada. Prepared and presented by Donny B.U. / ICT Watch, 29th June 2010. Updated ver.3 / 29th July 2010.

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    Indonesian Internet Censorship Report 2010 (updated ver.3) Indonesian Internet Censorship Report 2010 (updated ver.3) Presentation Transcript

    • Indonesia “Internet Censorship”  Indonesia “Internet Censorship” Brief Report for OpenNet Initiative  (ONI) Global Summit ‐ 2010 Ottawa – Canada www.oni‐asia.net prepared and presented by  Donny B.U. / ICT Watch Donny B U / ICT Watch 29th June 2010
    • • 38 Million : Indonesian Internet user (#5 World) • 25 Million ( : Indonesian Facebook user (#3 World) ) • 4.6 Million : Indonesian Twitter user (#1 Asia) 1. Facebook.com 2. Google.co.id 3. Google.com 4. Yahoo.com 5. Blogger.com gg 6. Kaskus.us 7. YouTube.com 8. Wordpress.com 9. Detik.com 10. 4shared.com 11. Twitter.com Most accessed web from Indonesia Profile of Indonesian Facebooker P fil f I d i F b k Source: alexa.com Source: checkfacebook.com Numbers & Profiles
    • twitter.com facebook.com wordpress.com blogspot.com Trends of Social Media Accessed from Indonesia 
    • Formal letter from ICT Minister to ISPs 2008: Gov Asked ISPs to Block Fitna 2008: Gov Asked ISPs to Block Fitna Movie
    • Formal letter from ICT Minister to ISPs 2009: Gov Asked ISPs to Block The Prophet Cartoon
    • “for EDMD account at facebook:  1. we sent protest letter (to FB admin) and asked them to delete that account,  (to FB admin) and asked them to delete that account 2. (spesific) url blocking (of EDMD at FB) via Indonesian  ISPs, 3. do cooperation with Indonesian Internet Kiosks  Association” (Tifatul Sembiring, Indonesian ICT Minister via his  twitter personal account) 2010: Gov Asked ISPs to Block EDMD Fan Page
    • W1 of June 2010  2 private porn videos of 3 very‐well known  2 i t id f3 ll k Indonesian celebrities stolen and  suddenly  leaked on the Internet,  covered by local mass  l k d th I t t db l l media and became national issue! Search trend of Ariel increased dramatically from Indonesia Search trend  of “Ariel” increased dramatically from Indonesia June 2010: Porn Content Became National Issue
    • Trending topics on Twitter Globally  known, even by American porn star CNN: ”Alleged celebrity sex tape shocks modest Indonesia” NYT: ”Sex Tape Scandal Fixates Indonesia” TIME: ”Sex Video Scandal and Indonesia's Porn Obsession” Most read article at Time website June 2010: Indonesian Porn Content Spread Widely
    • • President SBY: “We have increasingly realized that  our nation should not stay naked and be crushed by  y y the information technology frenzy, because there  will be many victims. The scandal highlighted the  need for further regulation of the Web. Other  countries have already have regulations on this countries have already have regulations on this”.  (source: AFP, June 18th 2010) • ICT Minister Tifatul Sembiring: “There will be a team  to observe whether a website contains points from  the blacklist. The team will assess whether such  websites truly contain pornographic material. If it  does, we'll ask the website to delete the points  included in the list, but we won t ban the whole  included in the list, but we won't ban the whole website“. (source: AFP, June 17th 2010) • PKS Party President: “To protect a community, there  must be control, we cannot have total freedom. To  create comfort and overcome negative effects on  f d ff communities who are not ready and not supposed to  consume certain material, then controls are a very  good idea . (source: Reuters, June 15 good idea“. (source: Reuters, June 15th 2010) Indonesia Gov Responsed Indonesia Gov Responsed to the Recent Situation
    • • Name of the Ministerial Decree Draft: “Procedure for Handling  Complaints about Internet Content” (June 23th, 2010 draft version) • C id Consideration: Electronic Information and Transaction Act (including: Online  i El i I f i dT i A (i l di O li Defamation article), Anti Pornography Act, etc. • Article 1 : Illegal content is Internet content that contrary/against  to the law to the law • Article 3: For all content contained, transmitted, published, and /  or stored by the user, service provider must:  – perform report accepting, flagging, filtering (if mandated by committee) f fl fl – makes “content  spesific” term of condition (TOC) of their services: • restrictions for users to load the content that prohibited according to this  ministerial decree (note: including online defamation!?) ministerial decree (note: including online defamation!?) • user must agrees that if it violates TOC, then the provider can close the access  (blocking) and / or delete the content (note: extra effort for provider!?) • provider allow to disclose user personal information to the law enforcer and /  or the minister if there are suspected to be unlawful acts related to the loading  th i i t if th t dt b l f l t l t d t th l di of any content (note: privacy no more!?) • provider are prohibited from making use of the service rule which states that  the provider are not responsible for  the use of their services to load,  distributed, transmitted, causes to be accessible, and / or save the content.  di ib d i d b ibl d/ h (note: no more disclaimer!?) Draft of Ministerial Decree To Regulate Content
    • Online Defamation Article • Any person who knowingly and without authority distribute Any person who knowingly and without authority distribute  and / or transmits and / or causes to be accessible electronic  information and / or electronic documents containing insults  and / or defamation: / – Maximum imprisonment of 6 years, and/or maximum penalty Rp 1  billion (USD 100,000) – Under Indonesian law the police can authorize pre‐trial detention  p p only where a person is suspected of committing a crime that carries  a penalty of at least five years’ imprisonment – Individuals accused of defamation under this article can be  imprisoned, even in the absence of a trial for up to 50 days,  imprisoned even in the absence of a trial for up to 50 days provided police investigators or prosecutors express /  recommendation: “concern that the suspect will get away, damage  or destroy evidence materials and/or repeat the criminal act”. “Online Defamation article is against freedom of expression, violating human rights  and the killing of civil and political rights. Defamation article potentially abused to  protect mood than reputation”. (according to 5 reputable Indonesian legal aid institutions) Article 27, Paragraph 3 Electronic Information and Transaction Act
    • Ministry of ICT Indonesia ISPs Association Indonesia Internet Kiosks Association Partnership License 150 active legal ISPs 150 active legal ISPs 2400 internet kiosks 2400 internet kiosks Business Link of Gov ‐ Provider to Conduct Content Censorship
    • Indonesia ISPs Association maintains Indonesian  Internet eXchange (IIX) block: 4 xxx.com! End user End user 1 3 1. Admin of IIX put “xxx.com“  2 on IIX‐system black list  directly or to the “dedicated  system” connected to IIX y 2. Blacklist info distributed to  Indonesian Internet eXchange the all ISPs‐system connected  to IIX‐system. 3‐4. When end‐users try to  access blacklisted URLs, the  access blacklisted URLs the pages will not show up. Censorship Method 1: ”Massive Trust”
    • Indonesia Internet Kiosks  Association maintains  4 Nawala “OpenDNS” Project block: xxx.com! Home/School PC H /S h l PC 2 3 1 2 3 1. Admin of DNS put “xxx.com“  on the black list 2.  Anyone may freely use DNS  3 Public PCs Nawala as part of their “self‐ censorship” mechanism 3‐4. When end‐users try to  access blacklisted URLs, the  access blacklisted URLs the pages will be blocked. Censorship Method 2: OpenDNS (“Nawala Project”)
    • Thank You… This is one of the “Internet Sehat” advocacy postcard produced and distributed by ICT Watch