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Memory 8 -chapter 6-1bb

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    Memory 8 -chapter 6-1bb Memory 8 -chapter 6-1bb Presentation Transcript

    • Memory-introduction
      Chapter 6
    • Memory
      Memory is the basis of knowing your friends, your neighbors, the English language, the national anthem, and yourself.
      If there was no memory every one would be a stranger to you, every language foreign, every task new, and even you yourself would be a stranger.
      2
    • Memory
      An active system that receives information from the senses, puts that information into a usable form, and organizes it as it stores it away and then retrieves the information from storage.
    • Video: Clive Wearing--Living without Memory.
      What does Clive remember?
      What has Clive forgotten?
    • 5
      Stages of Memory
      Monitor
      (Retrieval)
      Disk
      (Storage)
      Keyboard
      (Encoding)
      Sequential Process
    • Encoding
      The set of mental operations that people perform on sensory information to convert that information into a form that is usable in the brain’s storage systems.
    • Storage
      Holding onto information for some period of time.
    • Retrieval
      Getting information that is in storage into a form that can be used.
    • Three Models of Memory
      Information-processing model
      Levels of processing model
      Parallel distributed processing (PDP) model
    • 1. Information-processing model
      Model of memory that assumes the processing of information for memory storage is similar to the way a computer processes memory in a series of three stages.
      To be elaborated later.
    • 2. Levels of processing model
      This model of memory assumes information is more “deeply processed” or processed according to its meaning rather than just sound or physical characteristics of the word or words.
      That which is more deeply processed, as to meaning, will be remembered more efficiently and for a longer period of time.
    • 3. Parallel distributed processing (PDP) model
      A model of memory in which memory processes are proposed to take place at the same time over a large network of neural connections.
      Focuses on simultaneous processing of information across multiple neural networks.
    • Information-Processing Model
      Three stages of Memory
      Sensory memory
      Iconic - sight
      Echoic – hearing
      Short term and working memory
      Long term memory
      Implicit (procedural)
      Explicit (declarative)
      Episodic
      Semantic
    • Information Processing Model
      LONG TERM
      MEMORY
      SENSORY
      MEMORY
      SHORT TERM
      MEMORY
      • Click to add Text
      • Click to add Text
      • Click to add Text
    • Information Processing Model
      15
      Frank Wartenberg/ Picture Press/
      Corbis
      Bob Daemmrich/ The Image Works
      Bob Daemmrich/ The Image Works