Landforms: western coastal plain, high and rugged Andes in center, eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin
It has a total area of 1,285,220 sq. km.
2.88% of the land is arable.
Lima, Peru – capital city
Constitutional Republic 1993 established the present form of Peru Government which is constitutional republic form of government.. Before 1992 Peru had a civilian government with a bicameral legislature.
La Compania church in Cuzco
Approximately 81% of Peruvians consider themselves Roman Catholic
Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by the Spanish conquistadores in 1533.
Peruvian independence was declared in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces defeated in 1824.
Peruvian people Proud Incan heritage
Cusco Panoramic Cuzco from Sacsayhuaman
The finely crafted Inca walls of Sacsayhuaman, built on a hill above Cuzco .
Machu Pichu A recent report from the BBC suggests that this site may have been discovered-and ransacked, more than 40 years before Hiram Bingham reported its existence to the Western world.
Since Inca times, workers have redirected a salt-laden spring onto these extensive terraces for evaporation into salt.
The zone between 3,000 and 4,500 meters of elevation in the Andes of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and northern Peru, comprise wet and cold environments called Páramos. Paramos