Indus Valley Tradition Refers to the cultures of the Indus and Ghaggar-Hakra rivers, stretching from the Neolithic Mehrgarh period down to the Iron Age or Indo-Gangetic Tradition.
Mehrgarh This important Neolithic site lies on the “Kachi plain of Baluchistan, Pakistan, and is one of the earliest sites with evidence of farming (wheat and barley) and herding (cattle, sheep and goats) in South Asia." (7000 - 3200 BCE)
Indus Valley civilizations covering approx 1/2 million miles of Northern Indian subcontinent is the largest ancient civili zation in history until now.
Aryan tribes from the northwest invaded about 1500 B.C.E.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. ( left) Hanuman bronze image and (right) Metal Brahma
273 BCE: Ashoka coronated as Mauryan king Emperor Ashoka, born 265 B.C.E., was the grandson of Changragupta Maurya He ruled over an empire that covered two-thirds of the Indian continent.
The Moghuls The Mogul (also spelled as Moghul and Mughal) empire was founded by Babur in 1526 C.E., when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi , the last of the Delhi Sultans at the first battle of Panipat.
raj British rule between 1858 and 1947 of the Indian Subcontinent, which included the present-day India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Burma. These lands were under the colonial control of the United Kingdom as part of the British Empire .
Mohandas Gandhi A major political and spiritual leader of the Indian independence movement, he is recognized as the Father of the Nation .
Mural unveiled during Mahatma Gandhi Week, Houston, 2004
India is one of the most religiously diverse nations in the world, with religion playing a central role in the lives of most Indians.
The Kashmir earthquake of 2005 registered 7.6 on the richter scale. The Pakistani government's official death toll was 73,276, while officials say nearly 1,400 people died in Indian-occupied Kashmir and 14 in Afghanistan.