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The Middle East Southwest Asia and North Africa
The Predynastic Period (7000 - 4950) This period can be best characterized by the evolutionary nature of the hunter-gatherers departing from the Neolithic to form a variant of an agricultural/farming society.
Old Kingdom Third Dynasty 2686-2613 B.C.E. Zoser builds the Step Pyramid at Sakkara . 2650-2134 B.C.E. (All dates are B.C.E. - "Before Common Era") The most prominent ancient ruin at Sakkarah is the step pyramid of Zoser, the pharaoh who founded the IIIrd dynasty. Zoser was the first pharaoh to envision a more grandiose burial complex. The Great Pyramid at Giza is presumed to have been completed in 2570 B.C.E.
Hieroglyphics on Coffin Panel Wood, painted, 70 3/8 in. (circa 2008–1875 B.C. ) The Middle Kingdom (2125 B.C.E. to 1550 B.C.E.)
The Middle Kingdom (2125 B.C.E. to 1550 B.C.E.) Writing began during the Middle Kingdom which lasted from the 11th dynasty to the 17th dynasty, During the exigence of the Middle Kingdom writing began
King Tut The most famous of all the kings found in the Valley of the Kings was Tutankhamun, also known as King Tut. He died in 1343 B.C.E. It is thought that he was murdered by an official because his skull was bashed in and only a person of great importance could get near enough to harm him.
New Kingdom ( 1279 B.C.E. to 1213 B.C.E.) Ramsses the Great, the third ruler of Egypt's 19th Dynasty during the prosperous New Kingdom .
Ramsses II Four colossal 20 meter statues of the pharaoh with the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt decorate the facade of the temple which is 35 meters wide and is topped by a frieze with 22 baboons flanking the entrance.