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A brief overview of Buddhism.

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  • spirit in the soul
    mind in the brain
    life in the body
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  • spirit in the soul
    mind in the brain
    life in the body
    love in the heart
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  • I'm divinely inspired; you can have my soul when I'm done with it, okay? ;-)
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  • Hi,
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    contact me on zikalkis@gmail.com
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  • Buddhism

    1. 1. Buddhism By Donald Johnson
    2. 2. Buddhism Based on life and teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, aka., Buddha-India, 563-483 B.C.E.
    3. 3. Buddhism Buddhism explains a purpose to life, it explains apparent injustice and inequality around the world, and it provides a code of practice or way of life that may lead to true happiness ( nirvana ).
    4. 4. Painting of Shakyamuni going into Nirvana.
    5. 5. Siddhartha Gautama Siddhartha is said to have discovered what Buddhists call the Middle Way —a path of moderation away from the extremes of self-indulgence and self-mortification .
    6. 6. Dharma धर्म <ul><li>Buddhism is a dharmic , non-theistic religion and a philosophy. </li></ul><ul><li>It can be said to be one’s righteous duty or path </li></ul>
    7. 7. Belief system Buddhism is also a belief system which is tolerant of all other beliefs or religions. Buddhism agrees with moral teachings of other religions but goes further by providing a long term purpose within one’s existence, through wisdom and true understanding. Dissenting view here
    8. 8. The Drepung Loseling Institute states: &quot;Like all major religions, Buddhism contains an explanation of the origin of existence, a morality, and a specific set of rituals and behaviors. … Buddhism presents a transformational goal, a desire to improve one's situation, and a distinct moral code.
    9. 9. <ul><li>I will conduct myself with ethical rectitude in all my actions, all my thoughts. </li></ul><ul><li>I will treat all people, all sentient beings, with sympathetic understanding, with compassion, with loving-kindness. </li></ul><ul><li>I will resist anger. </li></ul><ul><li>I will desist from greed. </li></ul><ul><li>I will cultivate mental tranquility. </li></ul><ul><li>I will meditate, I will be aware of all my actions, all my thoughts. </li></ul><ul><li>I will reject egoistic desire, all notions of a unity called self, all notions of permanence. </li></ul><ul><li>I will not regret the past nor fret about the future. </li></ul><ul><li>I will develop equanimity, I will not allow myself to exult in my good fortune or to despair in my bad fortune. </li></ul><ul><li>I will strive to the best of my ability for enlightenment. </li></ul>Buddhists Creed
    10. 10. Buddhist proselytism at the time of emperor Aśoka the Great (260–218 BCE).
    11. 12. The Four Noble Truths <ul><li>The truth about suffering is that it exists. </li></ul><ul><li>Life is suffering. Birth, aging and dying is suffering.  </li></ul><ul><li>Our reaching into the world of dreams, our desire to fulfill what cannot be fulfilled is what brings us our suffering.  </li></ul><ul><li>Only by reaching a state of “not wanting” can we end our suffering </li></ul><ul><li>The Eight-Fold Path (middle path) can help us to break our habits of suffering </li></ul>
    12. 14. A religion to about 300 million people worldwide, 'budhi', means 'to awaken'.
    13. 15. dharma Buddhism is a dharmic , non-theistic religion and a philosophy.
    14. 16. Eight Fold Path <ul><li>1. Right Understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Four Noble Truths </li></ul><ul><li>2. Right Thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>thinking well of people, </li></ul><ul><li>thoughts of peace </li></ul><ul><li>3. Right Speech </li></ul><ul><li>refrain from lying, slander, gossip, etc </li></ul><ul><li>4. Right Action </li></ul><ul><li>refraining from stealing, killing, attacking others, etc. </li></ul>The Dharma wheel used to represent the Noble Eightfold Path
    15. 17. <ul><li>5. Right Livelihood </li></ul><ul><li>avoid occupations that causes one to be directly involved in violating against some aspect of the Eightfold Path - i.e. trade in weapons, slavery, alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>6. Right Effort </li></ul><ul><li>eliminate any evil, prevent evil that might develop, maintain any good, promote any good which might yet develop. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Right Mindfulness </li></ul><ul><li>stay aware of what you are doing to avoid doing what is wrong. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Right Concentration </li></ul><ul><li>train the mind to improve both mental </li></ul><ul><li>and spiritual discipline </li></ul>
    16. 18. ENLIGHTENMENT <ul><li>Nirvana-release from pain and suffering </li></ul><ul><li>Following the Eightfold Path helps one attain Nirvana and escape pain and suffering </li></ul><ul><li>Reincarnation-reborn in another body with no memory of previous lives and subjected to lifetimes of suffering </li></ul><ul><li>Break the cycle of pain by reaching Nirvana </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhist Monks spend their lives meditating to attain Enlightenment </li></ul>
    17. 19. Buddhist monks As part of the reaction against Hinduism during its early years, Buddhism rejected the caste system. There are only two religiously important social groups: the monks, who have dedicated their lives to full time pursuit of religious goals, and everyone else. Fragments of a Buddhist cave painting, Two Monks , from cave 224 in Qizil, China, dating from the fourth to sixth centuries.
    18. 20. Buddhist monks <ul><li>True monks spend their lives meditating to achieve Nirvana </li></ul><ul><li>When grandparent/parent dies a child may become monk for a month or more to help them reach heaven </li></ul>
    19. 21. Young Tibetan Buddhist monks of Drepung
    20. 22. Tibetan Monks
    21. 23. Dalai Lama In Tibetan Buddhism, the successive Dalai Lamas (Tibetan: ཏ་ཱལའི་བླ་མ་ ;  Simplified Chinese: 达赖喇嘛 ; pinyin: Dálài Lǎmā) form a lineage of allegedly reborn (tulku) magistrates which traces back to 1391. 1st Dalai Lama, (left) Genden Drub 1391-1474 The 14th and current Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso (born 1935).
    22. 24. Kadampa Buddhism A special presentation of all Buddha’s teachings, it shows the complete path to enlightenment - how to enter, progress along and complete the spiritual path. Gen Kelsang Chokga presents Buddha's teachings as she helps everyone to follow the path to inner peace.
    23. 25. <ul><li>Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it. Do not believe in anything simply because it is spoken and rumored by many. Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books. Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders. Do not believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many generations. But after observation and analysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, then accept it and live up to it. </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Buddha </li></ul></ul>
    24. 26. Typical interior of a temple in Korea
    25. 27. The Tripitaka The formal term for a Buddhist canon of scriptures. Many different versions of the canon have existed throughout the Buddhist world, containing an enormous variety of texts. The Tripitaka Koreana has been preserved in impeccable condition since 1251 C.E. comprises 6,802 volumes under 1,511 titles, including the latest writings by eminent Korean monks as well.
    26. 28. BUDDHA STATUES <ul><li>Buddha Statues are found in four positions </li></ul><ul><li>Seated Buddha-aka, subduing Mara </li></ul><ul><li>Reclining Buddha-represents the death of Buddha </li></ul><ul><li>Standing Buddha- </li></ul><ul><li>Walking Buddha- </li></ul><ul><li>Hindu Temples </li></ul>
    27. 29. Fat happy Buddha
    28. 34. Links <ul><li>http://www.losangdragpa.com/losangdragpa1buddhism.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://chinapage.com/map/map.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://idp.bl.uk/education/buddhism/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>http://uwacadweb.uwyo.edu/religionet/er/buddhism/index.htm </li></ul>