YST OD.TW / OSM.TW - 聯合培訓工作坊                             開放街圖基本觀念和                              地理資料收集步驟                  ...
大綱Sunday, December 16, 2012
OpenStreetMap                   •        免費且自由的地圖                            •   開放地理資料                            •   開放格...
OSM 資料來源                   •        Mappers                            •   田野調查                                •   利用GPS或w...
An OSM Mapper              •       上傳的GPS航跡和地理標籤照片              •       除了提供GPS航跡,也應參與繪圖              •       編輯地理物件的屬性   ...
OSM Mapping 步驟                   •        行前準備                            •   你註冊了嗎?                            •   記事本、相機...
行前準備Sunday, December 16, 2012
你註冊了嗎?Sunday, December 16, 2012
GPSSunday, December 16, 2012
GPSSunday, December 16, 2012
GPSSunday, December 16, 2012
GPSSunday, December 16, 2012
GPSSunday, December 16, 2012
GPSSunday, December 16, 2012
GPS是生產地理資的基本工具             • GPS (Global Positioning System)為衛星為基礎的導航                     系統,是由24顆美國國防部所發射的導航所構成          ...
GPS 定位                   •        GPS接收導航衛星發射本身位置和時間的資訊                   •        4顆衛星以上的訊號,即可定位                         ...
收集資料Sunday, December 16, 2012
收集資料             •      GPS 航跡             •      地理標籤照片             •      紙筆                    (walking-papers.org)    ...
GPS traces                      <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>                      <gpx version="1.0">           ...
GPS TraceSunday, December 16, 2012
草屯鎮土地公廟調查Sunday, December 16, 2012
善用Waypoints                                 Ikiya, 2012, Mapping of historical places in Japan, SotM2012Sunday, December 1...
利用waypoints決定地理物件                            Ikiya, 2012, Mapping of historical places in Japan, SotM2012Sunday, December ...
如何利用GPS得到更好的MappingSunday, December 16, 2012
活用waypoints                                   Ikiya, 2012, Mapping of historical places in Japan, SotM2012Sunday, December...
活用waypoints(cont.)                                       Ikiya, 2012, Mapping of historical places in Japan, SotM2012Sunda...
Ikiya, 2012, Mapping of historical places in Japan, SotM2012Sunday, December 16, 2012
任何時候都把GPS打開記錄                            Ikiya, 2012, Mapping of historical places in Japan, SotM2012Sunday, December 16, ...
GPS+Photo                                        Nikon D200Kodak DCS Pro SLR/n                                        1020...
拍照可以記錄重要的資訊Sunday, December 16, 2012
拍照的位置並非mapping目標的位置Sunday, December 16, 2012
上傳GPS                   http://www.openstreetmap.org/tracesSunday, December 16, 2012
Walking Paper來收集資料                            http://walking-papers.orgSunday, December 16, 2012
將掃瞄且上傳的walking paper用在                        JSOM上做地圖編輯Sunday, December 16, 2012
編輯地圖Sunday, December 16, 2012
幾何資料型態    Node    Way      Open polyline           Closed polyline            Area    Relation    Tag         更多資訊 http://...
OSM幾何資料模型                                                           <use>                                                 ...
Node                <node id=1762782473                      timestamp=2012-12-12T03:49:16Z                      uid=1048 ...
Way                 <way id=118416207                         timestamp=2012-05-23T17:43:06Z                         uid=1...
Relation                      <relation id=2498406 timestamp=2012-10-14T19:01:55Z                                uid=1048 ...
changesetSunday, December 16, 2012
highway=motorway_link                    highway=primary         highway=tertiary                       highway=motorway  ...
Sunday, December 16, 2012
由QGIS下載OSM資料       (1)                                 (2)                                (3)Sunday, December 16, 2012
在QGIS開啟OSM檔       (1)                                          (2)                                  (3)Sunday, December 16...
智慧型手機中Apps          •      Apple iOS                •      iPhone, e.g. iLOE          •      Andriod                •     ...
Question?Sunday, December 16, 2012
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20121216 OSM Taiwan Workshop

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20121216 OSM Taiwan Workshop

  1. 1. YST OD.TW / OSM.TW - 聯合培訓工作坊 開放街圖基本觀念和 地理資料收集步驟 鄧東波Sunday, December 16, 2012
  2. 2. 大綱Sunday, December 16, 2012
  3. 3. OpenStreetMap • 免費且自由的地圖 • 開放地理資料 • 開放格式、開放源碼 • 在地的收集,全球的地理資料庫 • 全球性的合作協同計畫 • 收集群眾資料 • 開放授權資料 • 維基化(wiki-style)的地圖Sunday, December 16, 2012
  4. 4. OSM 資料來源 • Mappers • 田野調查 • 利用GPS或walking paper在現場收集資料, 並利用OSM的編輯器(於室內)製圖 • 螢幕數化 • 利用開放授權的衛星影像來數化,如Bing • 開放資料的輸入 • 如美國TIGER(PD)、荷蘭AND(CC)Sunday, December 16, 2012
  5. 5. An OSM Mapper • 上傳的GPS航跡和地理標籤照片 • 除了提供GPS航跡,也應參與繪圖 • 編輯地理物件的屬性 • 名稱,如街名、大樓名 • 型態,如道路等級 • POI • 交通設施...等Sunday, December 16, 2012
  6. 6. OSM Mapping 步驟 • 行前準備 • 你註冊了嗎? • 記事本、相機、GPS、紙圖、機車或自行車... • 現場資料收集 • 上傳GPS traces • 編輯地圖(用Bing Map) • 查看地圖Sunday, December 16, 2012
  7. 7. 行前準備Sunday, December 16, 2012
  8. 8. 你註冊了嗎?Sunday, December 16, 2012
  9. 9. GPSSunday, December 16, 2012
  10. 10. GPSSunday, December 16, 2012
  11. 11. GPSSunday, December 16, 2012
  12. 12. GPSSunday, December 16, 2012
  13. 13. GPSSunday, December 16, 2012
  14. 14. GPSSunday, December 16, 2012
  15. 15. GPS是生產地理資的基本工具 • GPS (Global Positioning System)為衛星為基礎的導航 系統,是由24顆美國國防部所發射的導航所構成 • 不受天候影響,任何時間開啟GPS接收器,都可以 接收衛星的訊號 • 原為軍事使用,1980年代後開始民間使用,2000年 後解除干擾碼(S/A),定位精度提昇Sunday, December 16, 2012
  16. 16. GPS 定位 • GPS接收導航衛星發射本身位置和時間的資訊 • 4顆衛星以上的訊號,即可定位 http://www.kowoma.de/en/gps/positioning.htmSunday, December 16, 2012
  17. 17. 收集資料Sunday, December 16, 2012
  18. 18. 收集資料 • GPS 航跡 • 地理標籤照片 • 紙筆 (walking-papers.org) • 其它,如MobileSunday, December 16, 2012
  19. 19. GPS traces <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <gpx version="1.0"> <wpt lat="34.377012038603425" lon="7.912682974711061"> <time>2010-12-19T13:42:47Z</time> <name>Water fall</name> </wpt> <trk> <name>ACTIVE LOG 001</name> <trkseg> <trkpt lat="50.079439021646976" lon="14.420736003667116"> <ele>178</ele> </trkpt> <trkpt lat="50.078988997265697" lon="14.420714965090156"> <ele>195</ele> </trkpt> <trkpt lat="50.079096034169197" lon="14.420756958425045"> <ele>199</ele> </trkpt> ..... </trkseg> </gpx>Sunday, December 16, 2012
  20. 20. GPS TraceSunday, December 16, 2012
  21. 21. 草屯鎮土地公廟調查Sunday, December 16, 2012
  22. 22. 善用Waypoints Ikiya, 2012, Mapping of historical places in Japan, SotM2012Sunday, December 16, 2012
  23. 23. 利用waypoints決定地理物件 Ikiya, 2012, Mapping of historical places in Japan, SotM2012Sunday, December 16, 2012
  24. 24. 如何利用GPS得到更好的MappingSunday, December 16, 2012
  25. 25. 活用waypoints Ikiya, 2012, Mapping of historical places in Japan, SotM2012Sunday, December 16, 2012
  26. 26. 活用waypoints(cont.) Ikiya, 2012, Mapping of historical places in Japan, SotM2012Sunday, December 16, 2012
  27. 27. Ikiya, 2012, Mapping of historical places in Japan, SotM2012Sunday, December 16, 2012
  28. 28. 任何時候都把GPS打開記錄 Ikiya, 2012, Mapping of historical places in Japan, SotM2012Sunday, December 16, 2012
  29. 29. GPS+Photo Nikon D200Kodak DCS Pro SLR/n 1020萬象素1400萬象素 Garmin 18 GPSGarmin etrex GPS Garmin傳輸線Garmin原廠傳輸線 (rs232)Kodak RS232,音源線 Nikon MC35接線Kodak DCS Pro SLR/n1400萬象素 Nikon D200Holux 236 GPS 1020萬象素min usb 轉RS232傳輸線 di GPSKodak RS232,音源線Sunday, December 16, 2012
  30. 30. 拍照可以記錄重要的資訊Sunday, December 16, 2012
  31. 31. 拍照的位置並非mapping目標的位置Sunday, December 16, 2012
  32. 32. 上傳GPS http://www.openstreetmap.org/tracesSunday, December 16, 2012
  33. 33. Walking Paper來收集資料 http://walking-papers.orgSunday, December 16, 2012
  34. 34. 將掃瞄且上傳的walking paper用在 JSOM上做地圖編輯Sunday, December 16, 2012
  35. 35. 編輯地圖Sunday, December 16, 2012
  36. 36. 幾何資料型態 Node Way Open polyline Closed polyline Area Relation Tag 更多資訊 http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Data_PrimitivesSunday, December 16, 2012
  37. 37. OSM幾何資料模型 <use> is part of (role) 0..n 0..n Node (role) (role) Relation Way (lat, lon) 0..n 0..n 0..n 0..n 1 1 1 0..n 0..n Tag 0..n (Key,Value)Sunday, December 16, 2012
  38. 38. Node <node id=1762782473 timestamp=2012-12-12T03:49:16Z uid=1048 user=dongpo visible=true version=2 changeset=14245247 lat=23.864527 lon=121.5217101> <tag k=name v=立川漁場 /> <tag k=tourism v=attraction /> <tag k=source v=survey /> <tag k=addr: housenumber v=45 /> <tag k=addr:district v=魚池 /> <tag k=addr:town v=壽豐鄉 /> <tag k=addr:county v=花蓮縣 /> </node>Sunday, December 16, 2012
  39. 39. Way <way id=118416207 timestamp=2012-05-23T17:43:06Z uid=1048 user=dongpo visible=true version=4 changeset=14246301> <nd ref=1088092959 /> <nd ref=1088092953 /> .... <nd ref=1600948228 /> <tag k=highway v=primary /> <tag k=lanes v=2 /> <tag k=oneway v=yes /> <tag k=ref v=Hwy 11C /> <tag k=ref:zh v=台11丙線 /> </way>Sunday, December 16, 2012
  40. 40. Relation <relation id=2498406 timestamp=2012-10-14T19:01:55Z uid=1048 user=dongpo visible=true version=1 changeset=13497007> <member type=way ref=185846446 role=outer /> <member type=way ref=185846444 role=outer /> <member type=way ref=151063000 role=outer /> <member type=way ref=185846448 role=outer /> <member type=way ref=185846445 role=outer /> <tag k=admin_level v=8 /> <tag k=boundary v=administrative /> <tag k=name v=草屯鎮 (Caotun) /> <tag k=name:en v=Caotun /> <tag k=name:zh v=草屯鎮 /> <tag k=type v=boundary /> </relation>Sunday, December 16, 2012
  41. 41. changesetSunday, December 16, 2012
  42. 42. highway=motorway_link highway=primary highway=tertiary highway=motorway highway=trunk highway=secondary highway=cycleway highway=residential highway=unclassified highway=bus_stopSunday, December 16, 2012
  43. 43. Sunday, December 16, 2012
  44. 44. 由QGIS下載OSM資料 (1) (2) (3)Sunday, December 16, 2012
  45. 45. 在QGIS開啟OSM檔 (1) (2) (3)Sunday, December 16, 2012
  46. 46. 智慧型手機中Apps • Apple iOS • iPhone, e.g. iLOE • Andriod • e.g.Vespucci OSM Editor See more details http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/SoftwareSunday, December 16, 2012
  47. 47. Question?Sunday, December 16, 2012

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