Green ICT Sustainable Supply Chain
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Green ICT Sustainable Supply Chain



"From ICT supply chain sustainability to ICT tools that can help to measure, certify, lower the impact of the supply chain for other products"

"From ICT supply chain sustainability to ICT tools that can help to measure, certify, lower the impact of the supply chain for other products"



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Green ICT Sustainable Supply Chain Green ICT Sustainable Supply Chain Document Transcript

  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 Sustainable Supply Chain: From Green ICT to ICT for Green From the supply chain sustainability of ICT products and services to ICT tools that can help to measure, certify, lower the impact of the supply chain for other products. Donato Toppeta Senior Consultant - The Innovation Group Board of Directors: Sector ICT Acquisti & Sostenibilità Ambassador: International Green IT Awareness Week Sustainability as a: “Supply Chain across Generations” Sustainable development is defined as development that "meets the needs of the SOCIAL present without RESPONSIBILITY compromising the ability of future generations to meet SUSTAINABILITY their own needs” ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMIC - Brundtland Commission, 1987 STEWARDSHIP PROSPERITY Driving sustainability CULTURE RESPECT improvements “You can’t change what you don’t measure…” 2 1
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 Why a sustainable procurement…? Health and Ethical Business Legislation & Safety Sourcing Standards efficiencies Employee Life Cycle GHG, expectations Stakeholders Assessment biodiversity Expectations Accountability Citizenship, Ethic Pollution Risk Sustainable NGO Energy cost management Procurement Pressure Customer Impact Reduction requirements (environmental) Total License to Brand costs operate Reputation Value 3 Nonprofits, Governments and Business Supporting Consumer’s Increasing Demand For Transparency • Encourage or force disclosure of corporations’ Nonprofits environmental commitments and performance – The Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) about GHG – Greenpeace campaign on consumer electronics – Fair Trade campaigns, Local NGO • Disclosure requirements, Cap & Trade Government – GHG emissions for large emitters • Mandatory and opt-in environmental labeling European Union – EU mandatory labeling of energy-using /related New Zealand products – Energy Star label in the U.S. USA • Voluntary disclosure of sustainability efforts – Wal-Mart launched the Sustainability Index: Business – Patagonia publishes the “Footprint Chronicles” – Financial sustainability Indexes: DJSI, FSTE4GOOD • New services guiding consumers – Good Guide environmental, health and social index of over 60K products 4 2
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 ICT can be an Ally or an Enemy for sustainability In the fight against global climate change, ICT is seen as both an ally and enemy… As an ally: As an enemy: “The real gains will come from “Exposes the gap between ICT as an enabler to improve what the IT industry could do energy efficiency across the to fight climate change, and economy.” – Jose Manuel what they're doing today.” Barroso, President of the E.U. Greenpeace Cool IT Challenge 5 Green Regulatory Trends and Customer Awareness Create Both Risks And Opportunities For ICT Business risks Opportunities Increase in cost of energy and Demand for Green ICT products • Power management capabilities, availability of scarce resources virtualization and smart • Impact on data centers and management, sustainable supply communication and some HW chain Lower market demand for • Saving in promotion products without green and fair Opportunity for new products and trade certification services Possible loss of government • Smart energy grid and cities, ICT for radical transparency, etc. contracts for new procurement • Innovation and coopetition policies, shift to open software, • Social networking and crowd stretched ICT products life cycle sourcing NGO campaigns disrupting Growing role of Cloud Computing market (SAAS) from Green Data Centers 6 3
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 From Green ICT to ICT for Green • Sustainability of ICT factories’ supply chain and distribution (cradle to cradle): – Ethical behavior and business conduct of ICT regardless of jurisdiction or localizing factors (labor rights in factories, diversity, inclusiveness, child labor free, etc.), es. GlobalCompact – Environmental protection and preservation of the ICT factories and related production and processes. • ICT tools and solutions for improving the supply chain sustainability (i.e. Green Procurement, Radical Transparency, EMS: Environmental management Systems) 7 From the SMART 2020 Report Enabling low carbon economy in the information age –The Climate Group and the Global e-Sustainability Initiative (GeSI) released in 2008 The Climate Group 2020 Report that analyzed the Information and Communication Technology sector's impact on world climate: – ICT’s own sector footprint is currently 2% of global energy use and global emissions are expected to almost double by 2020. – ICT ’s unique ability to monitor and maximize energy efficiency both within and outside could help cut CO2 emissions by up to five times this amount. This represents a saving of 7.8 Giga-tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (GtCO2e) by 2020 (> current annual emissions of either the US or China). Potential influence of ICT on CO2 emissions 10 4.73 Million tons of CO2 0 -10 -20 -30 -40 -48.37 -50 Possible CO2 savings CO2 emissions caused by ICT 8 4
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 ICT Companies are committing to Reduce their Environmental Impact • A growing number of companies, including many leading ICT corporations have publicly pledged to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, some aiming for “carbon neutrality” • HP was generally ranked the top Green IT Vendor in all categories: Best at Green IT, Most Committed, and Best at Cutting Costs. Close runner ups include: IBM, Dell, Microsoft and Apple. • Many different listings with variable results • New policies are being developed rapidly, such as: • Green Purchasing Policies and Sustainable certified Supply Chain, Environmental Sustainability Budgets and Campaigns, and Green Champions / Departments (i.e. energy efficiency, LEED buildings, travel replacement by Unified Communication, recycling, etc.) • In Marketing & Public Relations there is a growing support for Environmental Stewardship / Social Responsibility / Citizenship 9 Supply Chain Sustainability of ICT • Ethical sustainability of labor (health, privacy, diversity, inclusion, child labor prevention, work/life balance, workforce relocation), Citizenship (i.e: job and skill development) also in countries with factories or primary goods, Responsible Financial and Sourcing (i.e.: near-shore, etc.) • Environmental sustainability of the ICT factories and production processes – GHG (CO2 eq) and energy of ICT energy efficiency products & services (Data Center with low PUE & renewable source) including embedded (i.e. production and transportation) – Design for waste reduction, biodegradability and recycling (including packaging) – Need to reduce: • Pollutants produced in the manufacturing of ICT products or toxic / harmful substances (brominates flame retardants, beryllium, etc.) used • Metals (i.e. 36% of world tin, 25% of cobalt, 15% of palladium, 9% of gold, 2% of copper, and 1% of aluminum and rare ones like tantalum) and PVC 10 5
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 Main regulations for Electric and Electronic Supply Chain • EU REACH: (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation of Chemicals) 2006, production and use of chemical substances and impacts on human health and environment. It’s very complex, 150k substances (very high concern 26, plan for 106 by 2012) – Information stored in a central DB by European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). – Tools: IUCLID 5 (free SW from EU), REACH-IT (portal), CHESAR, QuickReach, etc. – EU CLP Regulation on Classification, Labelling and Packaging of chemical substances and mixtures, based on the United Nations’ Globally Harmonised System (UN GHS). In US: CPSIA (US Consumer Product Safety Improv. Act) • EU RoHS: (European Restriction of Hazardous Substances ) 2006, six banned substances: lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium and two flame retardants: PBB,PBDE – Other countries have similar rules: China RoHS, J-MOSS, EWRA. 11 Main regulations for Electric and Electronic Supply Chain • EU WEEE: (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive) 2003: collection, recycling and recovery targets (collection targets 65%) for electrical goods. – Collection schemes where consumers return their used e-waste free of charge. – Directive 2006/66/EC on disposal of batteries and accumulators • EuP 2005/32/CE Eco-design Directive for Energy-using Products provides EU-wide rules for improving the environmental performance of energy related products (ERPs) through ecodesign, including stand-by and hard-off. – Ecolabel: EU Energy Star: 12 6
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 Risks related to e-toxics found in OLD computers Brominated Flame Retardants • Brominated flame-retardants are a class of chemicals that were commonly used in electronic products as a means for reducing flammability. – In computers and televisions, they were used mainly in printed circuit boards, connectors, plastic covers and cables. • Various scientific observations indicate that Polybrominated Diphenylethers (PBDE) might act as endocrine disrupters. – It accumulates in the food chain and human tissues – It affects brain development (reduces levels of the hormone thyroxin). • Research has revealed that levels of PBDEs in human breast milk are doubling every five years , found in umbilical cord blood . 13 Supply Network Complexity Product usage Consumer and disposal Distribution Retire / Repair / Retailer Supply chain Recycle Manufacturers Product Accessory Service T Tier One R Assembly A Part A Part B Part X Part Y Supplier N S Component Comp. Comp. Comp. P Comp. M 1 2 N Supplier O Raw Material R M1 Mx My T Supplier 14 7
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 WEEE collection Rate, kg per capit EU WEEE Directive (2002/96/EC) currently sets a minimum collection target of 4 kg per annum per inhabitant. Data on the chart are referred to 2006 detailed updated data are available here 15 Who gets the e-waste trash? 16 8
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 Apple Sustainability • Apple requires suppliers to commit to a Supplier Code of Conduct, then performs onsite audits, approves corrective action plans, and verifies implementation. Environmentally, includes requirements for: – Hazardous Substance Management and Restrictions – Solid Waste Management – Wastewater and Stormwater Management – Air Emissions Management – Permits and Reporting – Pollution Prevention and Source Reduction 17 Dell’s Sustainability throughout entire Supply Chain • Dell promise customers: – Quality in Design & Production, Best cost possible, Supply when you need it – CSR statement: Corporate Accountability, Environmental Responsibility, Community Engagement: Committing to make Dell the greenest technology company on the planet , Supporting HIV&AIDS campaign. • Dell’s Supply Chain Sustainability effort: – A Dell team regularly goes on-site to audit the working conditions and manufacturing processes of 1st, 2nd and 3rd tier suppliers. If ethical and legal labor/environmental violated, Dell discontinue usage of the supplier. – Supplier diversity is enforced. – Dell claims that carbon intensity (CO2/revenue), is less than half that of their closest competitor, pledging to make their operations carbon neutral – Free Shipping for recycling / refurbishing old computers to Dell TechKnow (Community education) or Reconnect (partnership with Goodwill & Microsoft) “ “Dell's vision is to create a company culture where environmental excellence is second nature because the principles of environmentalism - efficiency eliminates waste - align with the principles of our direct business model - efficiency delivers customer value.” 18 9
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT) - A tool, an environmental standard, a rating system, and a verification program - helps purchasers evaluate, compare and select electronic products based on their environmental attributes - EPEAT Criteria are known as IEEE 1680 American National Standard for the Meets all 23 Meets all 23 Meets all 23 required required required Environmental Assessment of criteria criteria plus at criteria plus at least 50% of least 75% of Personal Computer Products the optional the optional criteria criteria 19 EPEAT tool 20 10
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 How Green is the Cloud? • Do hosted services and Software as a Service provide net environmental benefits? • Potential benefits: – Higher server utilization by virtualization and on demand provisioning, tuning – Data centers optimized for global energy efficiency (HVAC, free cooling, monitoring) and renewable sources, – Easier to recycle standardized hardware – Promote remote work (might reduce commuting) – Might reduce digital divide (ubiquitous computing) • Experience is still limited – some concern are related to privacy, trans-national legislation, reduced ICT workforce. 21 Life Cycle Assessment a valuable approach : Increased Energy & Revenues resources Reduction Increased Satisfied Waste Sales Stakeholders Reduction Brand Image Corporate Efficiencies or Value Cost Avoidance Deflect Green Critism Marketing Select KPI Product Re-Design LCA 22 11
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 Daniel Goleman : Ecological Intelligence How Knowing the Hidden Impacts of What We Buy Can Change Everything • Draws on cutting-edge research to reveal why too often “Green is a Mirage" – Illuminates inconsistencies in our response to the ecological crisis and Greenwashing • Introduces how ICT & LCA can help “Radical Transparency”, allowing us to know the environmental, health, and social consequences of what we buy, – potential to drive consumers to make smarter decisions and companies to reform their business practices by lifting the veil of secrecy about the ingredients and sources of their products. • Shows how new market forces can drive the essential changes we all must make to save our 7: Ecological planet, our health and happiness. Intelligence 23 How Green Is My Bottle? By DANIEL GOLEMAN and GREGORY NORRIS New York Times, April 19, 2009 • A practical example of LCA outcome: – if your stainless steel bottle takes the place of 50 plastic bottles, the climate is better off, – if it gets used 500 times, it beats plastic in all the environment-impact categories studied in a life cycle assessment. ISO 14000 environmental management standards: ISO 14040:2006 and 14044:2006 can be used for LCA 24 12
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 ICT tools and solutions for improving the supply chain sustainability ICT tools and solution can help Supply Chain Sustainability by: • Assessing the respect of ethical rules in provisioning: – human & labor rights (e.g. minimum wage, no child or forced labor, respect of diversity & inclusiveness, prevent abuses and corruption, etc.), minimize health hazardous. • Monitoring , Analyzing and Reporting by LCA the Supply Chain contribution (embedded in raw materials, packaging and transportation) to: – GHG (Greenhouse Gas) and pollutants, (Cap&Trade or precautionary principle) – Indirect Energy (and non renewable% ). • Certifying the biological farming / kettling and/or fair trade food (es. by RFID). • Optimizing the efficiency and environmental responsibility of the supply chain – lean manufacturing, policy enforcement & awareness, transparent reporting – route optimization, optimized charge of vessels, proximity sourcing. – search of optimal sourcing: recyclable/recycled or biodegradable goods and packaging • Replacing travels with A/V conference and application sharing in services • Radical Transparency of goods LCA to consumers, sustainability labeling 25 The role of ICT in the Supply Chain • Information can be the driver that serves as the “glue” to create a coordinated and effective supply chain. Therefore it must be: – Accurate and up to date, Validated – Accessible in a timely manner, – Focused to the scope, Intelligently managed by Analytics • ICT supports supply chain operational, responsible planning and strategic management decisions by an holistic visibility on: – Inventory (i.e. demand patterns, carrying costs, etc.) – Transportation (i.e. customer locations, shipment sizes, etc.) – Facility (i.e. location, capacity, smart grid, etc.) – Use, design for Recycle & Reuse, limit waste and defects • ICT (i.e. CRM, ERP, etc.) allows to optimize performance for the entire supply chain to make it less burdensome 27 13
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 ICT for Sustainable Supply Chain: ERP • ERP – HR : Ethically Manage Workforce • Recruit without discrimination, Retain during economic downturn, Motivate by shared profit and transparent MBO, work-life balance, education. – Triple Bottom Line Project Management: • includes balance of Intangible Values and Indirect Impacts on GHG, water & air pollution, reduce safety hazard – Responsible Financials: • Fair Payment, Collect, Treasury Mgmt, Capital Assets, Cap & Trade constraints / opportunities – Product Design and Project Engineering for Sustainability, LCA • Include Crowd sourcing, evaluate public domain model, reduce energy and prefer renewable resources, capture emissions – Sustainable Operations : • LCA based Planning, Green Purchasing, Total Quality Assurance & Six Sigma, Lean Manufacturing and GHG/energy optimized, Shipping and Warehouse allocation, Load and docking optimization, pollution reporting 28 ICT for Sustainable Supply Chain: CRM • CRM – Sales accounted for 3P impact • Transparent Forecast, Manage Sales Force by 3P MBO, Generate Sales with a Long term approach, Customer Intimacy and shared values, Insure fair Sale, Process Orders with customer feedback and satisfaction, – Innovative, accountable Marketing • Analyze Market and Planet status, Develop True Sustainable Marketing Plan, Conduct Joint Campaigns with NGO – Quality driven Service • Plan Service as a core component of product Life Cycle, Fulfill Service Contracts “Craddle to Craddle”, Handle Customer Enquiries, Deliver Service building customer engagement 29 14
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 “Radical Transparency" -- the virtuous circle NGO can leverage LCA in ad hoc campaigns to increase awarness in consumer of seriuos business faults or need of government rules. IT: (Business Intelligence, WEB 2.0, Data Interchange, Mobile, etc.) makes easyer to: • Match LCA with each customer value ranking and geo-location providing a concise score of goods and eventually suggesting alternatives • Publish and share LCA data Companies can choose to:  Anticipate the shift by proactively addressing new customer needs and sharing information with customers and supply chain  Wait (and hopefully monitor) for changes in buyers habits (that might occurs very quickly) with dangerous effects 30 Tools for Radical Transparency • Recent innovations in ICT make it possible to create databases of LCA that display the ecological impacts of any product versus its competitors. • Example of tools referenced in the Goleman’s book: – GoodGuide rates an item's product's environmental, health, and social impacts on a ten-point scale based on more than 200 databases. – Earthster, a supply-chain management system that takes openly disclosed LCA data, helps companies spot where they can make the biggest ecological improvements, and then guides them in finding suppliers. – SkinDeep, ranks personal care products like mascara by matching each ingredient to findings of concern in medical databases. The site has had more than 100 million searches since launching in 2004. 31 15
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 GoodGuide Transparency Manifesto • Started as an UC Berkley project from a simple premise: People have the right to know what they’re putting in, on, and around their bodies. • There are three simple things everyone should know about their food but don’t: – Where did it come from? – How was it made? – What’s in it? • Good Guide iPhone app "let us align our dollars with our values easily”. 32 (Sylvatica) • Is a web-based, open source, supply- chain management system, based on openly disclosed LCA data • It helps companies spot where they can make the biggest ecological Build Your Process improvements, and in finding suppliers who can provide the needed upgrades. – It might in turn feed precise metrics to a consumer-facing rating system Contribution Analysis like GoodGuide. "When anyone in your supply chain makes a smart move, it makes your product greener, too — as well as the purchases of everyone who buys your product. That ripple effect turns thousands Comparison Analysis of upstream suppliers into your allies, to the extent any of them make improvements.“ Publish Cradle-to-Gate Results 33 16
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 Do we still have problems? • Fragrance in perfume may be any of the 3,100 chemical ingredients, the blend of which is almost always kept hidden from the consumer. Laboratory tests commissioned by the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics and analyzed by Environmental Working Group revealed secret chemicals, in name brand fragrance products, not listed on the label, including sensitizers that can trigger allergic reactions, different hormone-disrupting chemicals; mostly are not assessed by FDA for safety. Examples: – diethyl phthalate, linked to sperm damage in human epidemiological studies (Swan 2008), and musk ketone, a synthetic fragrance ingredient that concentrates in human fat tissue and breast milk (Hutter 2009; Reiner 2007). 34 Will Radical Transparency Save the Earth? • “Achieving such an ecologically intelligent future will depend not on the actions of politicians, but executives at the companies who take the lead in embracing radical transparency as a core business strategy.” by D.Goleman • Unfortunately many customer behavior is still : – "Yes, I'd happily pick the greener product -- IF it comes from a brand I know and trust, IF I can buy it where I currently shop, IF it is at least as good as the product I'm currently buying, IF it doesn't require me to change habits, IF it doesn't cost more, and IF it is somehow better (it lasts longer, performs more effectively, saves money, is healthier for my family, or will be perceived as cool)” • “Unless companies make products perceived to be better and can make money doing it, we won't see wholesale change at the scale required” Joel Makower, June 17, 2009 ( • Goleman’s answer to Joel: – The information systems that will bring about radical transparency for ecological impacts are disruptive innovations. – GoodGuide can trigger an entirely novel green agenda with fresh rules – I’m pointing to the tweet-and-text generation, (13 to 23 year olds) who are growing up in constant digital touch with each other. For them individual action merges into the collective, especially with digital data. 17
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 Greening WalMart's Supply Chain • Establish Walmart Sustainability Index – universal score that measures product performance 1. Top-tier suppliers in the U.S. were required to complete Sustainability Assessment by October 1, 2009; more to follow (ultimate goal: universal adoption = 100,000 suppliers) 2. Provided initial funding for a Sustainability Consortium to develop a Lifecycle Analysis database; inaugurated 3/17/09 ( 3. Will develop a simple customer tool for comparison and tracking Auditable and verifiable; full transparency • Phased launch: -20 million Tonnes CO2 by 2015 Launch Branch Mature Evolve (2009) (2009-10) (2010-14) (2015 +) Supplier Level Product Level 36 Nike: from sweatshops to sustainability champion • Nike has taken the leadership in its sector in finding ways to ensure fair working conditions in response to the Greenpeace revelations that their supply chain relied on sweatshops. • Nike’s ‘Considered Index’ tool now predicts product environmental footprint in design phase – Solvent use, waste, materials and innovation for footwear; Waste, materials, garment treatments and innovation for apparel; Energy and Water Intensity, GHG. – Restricted Substance List (RSL) tool has 9 distinct lists, including nanotechnology, packaging and toy-specific; materials restricted by legislation plus additional “Chemicals of Concern” Nike declares undesirable. • Testing and data management system for supplier compliance. • Chemical evaluation system for possible addition to RSL and/or need for environmentally and preferred / safer substitutes 37 18
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 SC Johnson Greenlist™ – 95% Raw materials rated on environmental and human health impact: “A process, NOT a chemical list” – Scores provided to company chemists alongside performance and cost information. • Incentives encourage safer materials selection • Provides metrics for tracking corporate-wide progress toward greening the portfolio of products (i.e. phase out Phthalates). S.C. Johnson (and Clorox) have done what was once unthinkable: revealed chemical ingredient information to consumers. 38 "As a family company, listening and responding to consumers is SC Johnson's top priority. … It helps our consumers know they can continue to trust our products.” CEO Fisk Johnson 39 19
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 Patagonia Supply Chain Embedded energy Distance traveled Waste 40 How the bluesign® standard drives competitors to work together • The bluesign® standard brings together the textile manufacturing chain to jointly reduce the environmental footprint of a responsible textile industry. • The applications provide the Textile Value Chain with the necessary know-how and support in EHS management. – The bluesign® bluetool is a special web-based software tool to guide chemical suppliers effortlessly through the homologation. – The bluesign® bluefinder for textile manufacturers is an advanced search engine containing bluesign® approved raw materials and chemical components. – The web-based bluesign® blueguide for brands and retailers is an advanced database containing bluesign® approved fabrics. 41 20
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 Open LCA • The openLCA project is creating a modular, open source (free), software for life cycle analysis and sustainability assessments. • Initially it is providing: – A basic framework for LCA: graphical modelling, inventory, impact assessment, fast database, client/server structure, help, user interface – Two plugins: a format converter and an uncertainty module. • Documentation & Beta 1.1.1 released on Sourceforge 42 EPA Tools and Data Directory EPA, DOE, USDA and other federal agencies provide many tools: • General environmentally preferable purchasing tools : – Database of Environmental Information for Products and Services by public and private organizations, both domestically and internationally, including: Contract language, specifications, and policies; Environmental standards and guidelines with lists of vendors – Designated Green Products for Federal Procurement for which EPA, the Dep. of Energy, and Dep. of Agriculture have provided environmental or energy attribute recommendations. – EPP Assistant Purchasing prioritization tool that allows users to quantify and prioritize their green purchasing efforts through LCA. • Product-specific tools for: – Buildings & Construction several tools to procuring green building products and construction services such as BEES – Cleaning : Green Cleaning Pollution Prevention Calculator – Electronics: EPEAT, EEBC, Energy Star – Fleets : FAST, FEET and other tools for HEV, alternative fuel stations, etc – Paper Calculator : LCA tool for paper 43 21
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 Free MIT Green Alternatives Wizard • Focus on common laboratory solvents and associated process GreenChemWiz5.html 44 ACS GreenChemEx tool • Green chemistry is the design of chemical products and processes that reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances. • The American Chemical Society (ACS) Green Chemistry Institute developed the Green Chemistry Resource Exchange to facilitate exchange green chemistry information resources to a broad audience . – A business executive can find examples of companies that specify financial benefits as well as fewer process steps, less hazardous chemicals, less waste, and higher yield of product by applying the principles of green chemistry. – A researcher in the automotive industry can find examples of greener plastics, paints, and carpeting that have reduced VOCs, made from renewable resources, and/or are recyclable 45 22
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 Carnegie-Mellon Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Analysis Tool (EIO-LCA) EIO-LCA: Free, Fast, Easy Life Cycle Assessment • Estimates materials and energy resources required for, and environmental impacts resulting from, economic activities. • Provides guidance on relative impacts of different products, materials, services, or industries through the supply chain, to estimate the total emissions . • Contains a limited number of environmental effects. 46 Zerofootprint: Enterprise Software • VELO – Enterprise Carbon Management software – Web based (SAAS), automates gathering of carbon data, ensures its integrity, calculates emissions – displays results in a dashboards & flexible reports • VELOlite entry level solution, scalable • VELOmetrics compares like-minded peers to provide benchmarking 47 23
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 Energy and GHG monitoring tool for Public Local Administration ECOSPEED: ECO2 Regio is a DB-aided energy and CO2 monitoring and scenario tool that enables municipalities, cities and cantons to assess final and forecasted energy usage and CO2-emissions. 48 Example of other free Tools and DBs • University of Bath Inventory of Carbon and Energy (ICE) database, a free embodied energy and embodied carbon database for building materials. • GSA Carbon Footprint and Green Procurement Tool – For management of Federal Agency data to track GHG emissions inventory and soon will address also water footprint, energy and waste. – Note: access is constrained to Federal Agency personnel • National Renewable Energy Laboratory Life Cycle Inventory Database - material and energy flows for a few unit ops (e.g., chemical or fabricated metal products manufacturing) based on ISO 14048. 49 24
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 Social Networking Role in promoting Prosumers Sustainability Awareness and pressing for Transparency • , GreenSeal, SkinDep, Greenpeace, website, hold companies accountable for their footprints, scores them on their true commitments, fight greenwashing. • Facebook and Twitter are used to alert a circle of friends about the ups or downs of a brand. Many companies now monitor tweets to track the murmurs that impact reputation. Customers share their grumbles about a given company or product in sites like 51 Tools for evaluating personal footprint • There are many online free tools that help in evaluating & reducing the personal footprint (GHG), take care that they might have different scope and detail: – WWF: food, travel, home, stuff (data modelling by SEI that has an interactive calculator for Sweden) – Carbon Footprint (Home & Business version) based on DEFRA, DOE, etc. – Act On CO2 – – – – Lifegate Impatto Zero 52 25
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 How ICT can help in enabling a sustainable enterprise Measure Impact of Prevent magazine Supply Chain to obsolescence by Lean embedded energy, Manufacturing and water and GHG donation program to non-profits Identify environmental Use LCA in designing friendly and fair trade sustainable products sourcing options for and processes raw materials Lower environmental Reduce waste, impact of shipping, increase recycling delivering and goods with take-back packaging service for end-of-life products 53 Paul Hawken: University of Portland Speech “…You are going to have to figure out what it means to be a human being on earth at a time when every living system is declining, and the rate of decline is accelerating. […] . Basically, the earth needs a new operating system, you are the programmers, and we need it within a few decades. This planet came with a set of operating instructions, but we seem to have misplaced them. Important rules like don’t poison the water, soil, or air, and don’t let the earth get overcrowded, and don’t touch the thermostat have been broken.” 26
  • International Green IT Awareness Week 21/05/2010 Please, use text chat or e-mail for Q&A Contacts The Innovation Group The Innovation Group 55 27