Oral evidence — spoken words of eyewitnesses, usually recorded on tape and put in writing
Artefacts — items used by people of the past, e.g. tools and jewellery
A war survivor showing television crew his torture wounds Students participating in a archaelogical dig at Fort Tanjong Katong
What is the difference between primary and secondary sources?
Give some examples of primary and secondary sources.
Reliability of Sources
Question: How do historians make sure that their sources can be trusted to be true and not biased ?
Three 3Cs test
Fact — information that is true
Opinion — what a person believes to be true, which others may not agree with
Propaganda — ideas and news meant to influence the way people think and behave
Even if the evidence is not a fact, historians can make use of them to show how people in the past thought
The Language of Time B efore C ommon E ra C ommon E ra Periods – different blocks of time Dynasties – i. line of rulers who belong to the same family Century – 100 years Mauryan period (c. 323–185 BCE) Golden Age (c. 320–550 CE) Circa – c., ‘around’ – ii. refers to the years when a region is continuously ruled by members of the same family 5th century CE 4th century BCE 3rd century BCE 2nd century BCE 1st century CE 2nd century CE 3rd century CE 4th century CE 1st century BCE
Historians reconstruct the past by using…
Historians ensure that their sources are reliable by…
The terms we use to refer to time in the study of History are…