Chp 4 How Did The British Govern Singapore Before Wwii
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Chp 4 How Did The British Govern Singapore Before Wwii

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Chp 4 How Did The British Govern Singapore Before Wwii Chp 4 How Did The British Govern Singapore Before Wwii Presentation Transcript

  • How did the British Govern Singapore Before WWII
  • The British Empire 1.Pink: colonies held by 1945 2.Orange: Dominions 3.Pink in Orange: colonies of Dominions 4.Dark Red-Brown: areas lost by 1920 5.Light pink: areas occupied in world war II * 6.Purple: Princely States (in India) and other Protectorates 7.Lavender: areas lost by 1705 (England only) 8.Hachured: sphere of influence (click image for better resolution) 9.Salmon: areas of defeated Axis occupied 1943-1955**
  • Queen Victoria
    • 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901
    • The Victorian era was at the height of the Industrial Revolution, a period of significant social, economic, and technological progress in the United Kingdom. Victoria's reign was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire; during this period it reached its zenith, becoming the foremost Global Power of the time.
    • Singapore became a full Crown Colony in 1867 under the flagship of the Straits Settlement.
    View slide
  • How was Singapore ruled?
    • British Government in London (Colonial Office)
    • Governor of the Straits Settlements
    • The Executive Council > helped to run the Settlements
    • The Legislative Council > helped to make laws
    View slide
  • Were the locals involved?
    • Barely > only a couple of eminent locals > e.g. Dr Lim Boon Keng and Eunos Abdullah
    • They were in the Legislative Council > helping to make laws
    • Dr Lim wanted to ban opium smoking
    • Eunos Abdullah wanted more land to set up Malay village
    • Their words carried little weight most of the time.
  • Problems dealing with law and order
    • Chinese secret societies > involved in crime and violence
    • Ran opium houses, brothels and gambling dens
    • Abuse of immigrants > poor living and working conditions > owed huge debts
    • Women forced into flesh trade
    • Piracy > menace to lives, property and trade > upset the British as Europeans were not spared
  • Measures to improve law and order
    • Improvement of the police force > increasing pay and better training > employing people who could speak local languages > setting up of Detective Branch (later CID)
    • Chinese Protectorate to address Chinese problem > William Pickering
  • Improvement of social services
    • Why did the British realise the need of improving social services for the people?
    • Education > increasing demand for English trained personnel to run the office > grants provided to set up schools e.g RI
    • Queen’s Scholarship for top students to study in UK e.g. Dr Lim BK
    • Setting up of medical colleges e.g. King Edward VII College of Medicine
    • Double-standard in treatment of schools > Chinese schools less grant > thought to be anti-British > resentment
  • Health
    • Death rate was high > might affect trade > set up Public Health Department to improve public health e.g. malaria health committee
    • They also aimed to improve living conditions such as reducing overcrowding in Chinatown
    • Quarantine Law was passed to separate disease carriers in St John Island
  • British attitudes towards the Asians
    • Preferential treatment for the whites
    • Skin colour mattered
    • Not meritocratic
    • Europeans given better treatment than Asians.
    • Discrimination in public places
    • Remember: “To Kill a Mockingbird” or Martin Luther King’s “I have a dream” speech
  • White Men’s Burden
    • Orientals and Africans always regarded as the white men’s burden because it was always deemed that Asians and Africans could not rule and take care of themselves.
    • It was the colonizers’ belief and justification for their colonization of the ‘savages’.
    • Why was this so?
  • Think!!!
    • Why did the Europeans think that they were better? Based on what?
    • Many believed in Darwinism or simply ethnocentric> some cultures and societies were more superior than others and therefore they should rule over them.
    • How true was this? Or could it be just a question of steamships and gun powder?
  • Cartoons on Darwinism
  • Conclusion
    • Was colonization truly bad?
    • Think of the legacy that the British left behind!!!
    • If not the British, would we be better off under the Dutch, French, German or Belgian?
    • In this post-colonial world, are we still living under the shadow of the West, i.e. neo-colonialism? E.g. Consumption of McDonald’s, Nike, Microsoft, etc.