Stc listening
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Stc listening






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Stc listening Presentation Transcript

  • 1.
    • Lecture
    • on
    • Nagendra Kumar
    • Dept. of Humanities & Social Sciences
    • IIT Roorkee
  • 2. Antony’s speech in Caesar
    • Friends, Romans, Countrymen, lend me your ears; I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him. The evil that men do lives after them; The good is oft interred with their bones; So let it be with Caesar. The noble Brutus hath told you Caesar was ambitious: If it were so, it was a grievous fault, And grievously hath Caesar answer'd it. Here, under leave of Brutus and the rest-- For Brutus is an honourable man; So are they all, all honourable men-- Come I to speak in Caesar's funeral. He was my friend, faithful and just to me: But Brutus says he was ambitious; And Brutus is an honourable man.
  • 3. On listening
    • I like to listen. I have learned a great deal from listening carefully. Most people never listen . Ernest Hemingway
  • 4. Listening Skills
    • 60-75 percent of time spent in listening.
    • Hearing is a physiological activity while listening is a mental one.
    • Hearing requires no conscious effort.
  • 5. Why should one listen
    • To gain information
    • To receive instruction
    • To hear complaint
    • To enjoy entertainment
    • To show respect
  • 6. What is Listening?
    • An important part of communication process
    • A means of gathering information
    • All listening is not hearing
  • 7. Listening as process
    • Hearing
    • Filtering
    • Interpreting
    • Responding
    • Remembering
  • 8. Perceptive Listening
    • Perceptive listening is a conscious , cognitive effort involving primarily the sense of hearing reinforced by other senses and leading to understanding….It is an attitude well expressed as a listening spirit .
    • Ernest D Nathan
  • 9. Factors of good listening
    • Adequate hearing
    • Recognition of problems that affect listening
    • Knowledge of specific kind of listening
    • Relationship between listening and vocabulary
    • Judging what is heard
  • 10. Attributes
    • Readiness
    • Ability to discriminate among sounds and ideas
    • Supplying meaning to symbols
    • Relating meaning to sounds
    • Evaluating medium and manner of speaker
    • Willingness to disregard prejudice
  • 11. Factors affecting listening
    • Prejudging
    • Ambiguity
    • Illusion
    • Rigidity
  • 12. Some other factors that impede listening
    • Status
    • Complex
    • Closed mind
    • Poor retention
  • 13. Contd.
    • Abstracting
    • Slant
    • Premature evaluation
    • Hurried conclusions
    • Cognitive dissonance
  • 14. Contd.
    • Perhaps listening cannot be taught but many of us are convinced that it can be learned.
    • Carl Weaver
  • 15. Listening with prejudice
    • If we hear something that opposes our most deeply-rooted prejudices, notions, conviction, mores or complexes, our brains may become over-stimulated and not in a direction that leads to good listening. We mentally plan a rebuttal to what we hear, formulate a question designed to embarrass the talker, or perhaps simply turn to thoughts that support our own feelings on the subject at hand.
    • Idel
  • 16. Types of listening
    • Cautious listening: general concepts and all details
    • Skimming: general concepts
    • Scanning: details of specific interest
  • 17. Factors affecting listening
    • Physical barrier
    • Psychological barrier
    • Language barriers
    • Nonverbal distractions
    • Grandstanding
  • 18. Ways to improve listening
    • Stop talking
    • Control your surroundings
    • Be open minded
    • Judge ideas not appearances
    • Hold your fire
    • Provide feedback
  • 19. How to comprehend listening
    • Intelligence
    • Reading comprehension
    • Recognition of correct English
    • Listeners vocabulary
    • Ability to make inferences
    • Ability to structuralize
    • Emotional adjustments
  • 20. Contd.
    • Curiosity
    • Physical fatigue
    • Admiration for the speaker
    • Sex of the listener
    • Acoustics
  • 21. Remember
    • Hearing is sensation, listening is interpretation.
  • 22. Thank You for listening