Coeliac Disease PPT

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Coeliac Disease PPT

  1. 1.  Coeliac disease is a significant medical condition that can result in a number of serious consequences if not diagnosed and treated properly.  It affects the small intestine – the part of the digestive system responsible for absorbing nutrients.  In a person with coeliac disease, the lining of the small intestine is damaged by gluten. Gluten is a protein component of wheat, rye, barley and oats.
  2. 2.  Coeliac disease is caused by an interaction between gluten (the protein portion of wheat) and the small bowel lining in people susceptible to the disease.  This cause damage to the lining which results in a reduction in the surface area of the villi or finger-like projections of the bowel lining.  Both genetic and environmental factors play important roles in coeliac disease.
  3. 3. The most common symptoms can include:  Anaemia  Bloating and flatulence  Diarrhoea or constipation  Fatigue, weakness and lethargy  Nausea and vomiting  Stomach cramps  Weight loss – although weight gain is possible.
  4. 4. Healthy normal villi of the small intestine Damaged villi of a person with undiagnosed coeliac disease
  5. 5.  The only treatment is the avoidance of all gluten containing foods.This allows the bowel lining to recover.This strict attention to diet must be lifelong. Foods that contain gluten include:  bread, cakes and pasta.  However, there is also a whole range of ingredients within prepared and commercial foods that can come from a gluten source.  It is essential that a person with coeliac disease become ‘ingredient aware’.
  6. 6. INGREDIENTS  30g butter  ½ cup gluten free plain flour  ¼ teaspoon baking powder  ¼ cup caster sugar  1 egg  1 tablespoon milk  ½ teaspoon vanilla essence  1 tablespoon cocoa powder METHOD  Pre heat oven to 200°C. Line patty cake tray with paper cups  Melt butter in the microwave for 30 seconds  Sift all dry ingredients into a bowl and add egg, milk and essence  Stir in melted butter  Mix well and pour into patty tray  Bake in oven for 12 minutes  Remove from oven and cool

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