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SMOKING CESSATION      Ashley Olsen       Stacy Coon     Nichole Carter     Angela Morgan
HEALTH EFFECTSHarms every organ in the bodyCauses many diseases/cancer    gum disease, cardiovascular disease, emphysema, ...
SIDE EFFECTSCNSBloodHeartOral cavity
ORAL CAVITYBad breathInflammation of salivary glandsPlaque and tarterLoss of bone within jawLeukoplakiaDelayed healing proc...
CUT THE HABIT!Nicotine Replacement Therapies:    Gum, Patch    Lozenges, Nasal Spray    Medication, Inhaler
NICOTINE GUMCommon types:    Nicorette    Nicogum    Nicotinell
NICOTINE GUM CONT.HOW IT WORKS:   Chewing the gum releases nicotine which is absorbed   into the bloodstream from the lini...
NICOTINE GUM CONT.   SIDE EFFECTS:      Mouth ulcers      Dizziness      Nausea      Allergic reactions (swelling of the g...
NICOTINE GUM CONT. Advantages:  Convenient  Discrete  Fast acting  Many flavors
NICOTINE GUM CONT.Disadvantages:  Do not drink or eat 15 min. before or while chewing  TMJ  Inconvenient for those with de...
NICOTINE PATCHCommon types:    Nicoderm CQ    Habitrol    Nicotrol
NICOTINE PATCH CONT.HOW IT WORKS:   Releasing a controlled dose   of nicotine throughout the   day through the skin   Come...
NICOTINE PATCH CONT.SIDE EFFECTS:   Mild itching   Redness   Burning   Stinging at the application site
NICOTINE PATCH CONT.Advantages:   Greatly reduces the urge   Easy to use   Effective substitute for those who do not prefer...
NICOTINE PATCH CONT.Disadvantages:    Vivid dreams    Skin rash/irritation    Allergic reaction    Needs to be changed    ...
LOZENGECommon types:    Nicorette    Commit
LOZENGE CONT.HOW IT WORKS:   Dissolves slowly in your mouth or under your tongue   Takes 30 min. to dissolve   Small doses...
LOZENGE CONT.SIDE EFFECTS:   Heartburn   Hiccups   Sore throat   Increase heart rate
LOZENGES CONT.Advantages:   Easy to use   Variety of flavors   Delivers 25% higher nicotine dosage than the   nicotine gum
LOZENGES CONT.Disadvantages:    No drinking/eating 15 min. before or during use    Should not be chewed or swallowed    Na...
NASAL SPRAYCommon types:    Nicotrol, NicoretteAerosolized nicotine contained in a spray pump
NASAL SPRAY CONT.HOW IT WORKS:   The spray is pumped into each nostril and   absorbed via the nasal membranes   Recommende...
NASAL SPRAY CONT.SIDE EFFECTS:   Sneezing   Coughing/Sore throat   Watery eyes   Nasal/Sinus irritation
Advantages:    Fastest delivery of nicotine currently available    Easy to useDisadvantages:    Prescription required    M...
MEDICATIONTwo FDA approved drugs:    Varenicline Tartrate(Chantix)    Bupropion(Zyban), first non-nicotine medicine shown t...
MEDICATIONZyban:    Blocks uptake of the neurotransmitters dopamine and    norepinephrine    Dopamine controls signals of ...
ZYBAN CONT.Zyban:    Taken orally    Extended/sustained release tablets    Extended tablets; 1x/day    Sustained tablets; ...
ZYBAN CONT.SIDE EFFECTS:    Xerostomia, Drowsiness, Headache, Weight loss    Uncontrollable shaking of body partsSevere si...
ZYBAN CONT.Advantages:    Non addictive, Pill formDisadvantages:    Prescription required    Contraindicated w/ certain me...
MEDICATIONChantix:    When a person smokes, the nicotine attaches to    receptors that go to your brain and stimulate the ...
CHANTIX CONT.Chantix:    Taken orally in tablet form    1-2 times per day    Dosage slowly increased over time, then maint...
CHANTIX CONT.Side Effects:    Nausea, Constipation    Unusual dreams/nightmares    Weakness or numbness in    extremities  ...
CHANTIX CONT.Advantages:    Easy to use; Pill form    No known drug interactions   44% success rateDisadvantages:    Nause...
NICOTINE INHALERNicotrolElectronic cigarette
NICOTINE INHALERHOW IT WORKS;     Transmucousal delivery, then enters bloodstream     Uses a nicotine cartridge     Delive...
NICOTINE INHALERSide Effects:    Acidic/Sour stomach    Belching    Coughing    Mouth/throat irritation
NICOTINE INHALERAdvantages:   Flexible dosing   You control nicotine intake   Can be used in conjunction with other NRT   ...
NICOTINE INHALERDisadvantages:    Prescription is required    Needs to be used multiple times per day    May cause mouth/t...
THE CHOICE IS YOURS!One thousand Americans stop smoking every day - by dying.“You dont get to choose how youre going to di...
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Smoking cessation project

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  • Transcript of "Smoking cessation project"

    1. 1. SMOKING CESSATION Ashley Olsen Stacy Coon Nichole Carter Angela Morgan
    2. 2. HEALTH EFFECTSHarms every organ in the bodyCauses many diseases/cancer gum disease, cardiovascular disease, emphysema, bronchitis stomach, lung, esophagus, oral cancer
    3. 3. SIDE EFFECTSCNSBloodHeartOral cavity
    4. 4. ORAL CAVITYBad breathInflammation of salivary glandsPlaque and tarterLoss of bone within jawLeukoplakiaDelayed healing process following dental procedures Alveolar osteitis (dry socket)
    5. 5. CUT THE HABIT!Nicotine Replacement Therapies: Gum, Patch Lozenges, Nasal Spray Medication, Inhaler
    6. 6. NICOTINE GUMCommon types: Nicorette Nicogum Nicotinell
    7. 7. NICOTINE GUM CONT.HOW IT WORKS: Chewing the gum releases nicotine which is absorbed into the bloodstream from the lining of the mouth Chew slowly and only chew when more nicotine is needed Comes in different doses
    8. 8. NICOTINE GUM CONT. SIDE EFFECTS: Mouth ulcers Dizziness Nausea Allergic reactions (swelling of the gums, itching)
    9. 9. NICOTINE GUM CONT. Advantages: Convenient Discrete Fast acting Many flavors
    10. 10. NICOTINE GUM CONT.Disadvantages: Do not drink or eat 15 min. before or while chewing TMJ Inconvenient for those with dental prosthesis
    11. 11. NICOTINE PATCHCommon types: Nicoderm CQ Habitrol Nicotrol
    12. 12. NICOTINE PATCH CONT.HOW IT WORKS: Releasing a controlled dose of nicotine throughout the day through the skin Comes in different doses: 7mg, 14mg, 21mg
    13. 13. NICOTINE PATCH CONT.SIDE EFFECTS: Mild itching Redness Burning Stinging at the application site
    14. 14. NICOTINE PATCH CONT.Advantages: Greatly reduces the urge Easy to use Effective substitute for those who do not prefer oral methods Can combine with short acting NRT’s
    15. 15. NICOTINE PATCH CONT.Disadvantages: Vivid dreams Skin rash/irritation Allergic reaction Needs to be changed every 24 hrs.
    16. 16. LOZENGECommon types: Nicorette Commit
    17. 17. LOZENGE CONT.HOW IT WORKS: Dissolves slowly in your mouth or under your tongue Takes 30 min. to dissolve Small doses of nicotine at a time Dosage: 2mg, 4mg
    18. 18. LOZENGE CONT.SIDE EFFECTS: Heartburn Hiccups Sore throat Increase heart rate
    19. 19. LOZENGES CONT.Advantages: Easy to use Variety of flavors Delivers 25% higher nicotine dosage than the nicotine gum
    20. 20. LOZENGES CONT.Disadvantages: No drinking/eating 15 min. before or during use Should not be chewed or swallowed Nausea Appealing to children and teens
    21. 21. NASAL SPRAYCommon types: Nicotrol, NicoretteAerosolized nicotine contained in a spray pump
    22. 22. NASAL SPRAY CONT.HOW IT WORKS: The spray is pumped into each nostril and absorbed via the nasal membranes Recommended dosage; one spray in each nostril 1-3x/hr.
    23. 23. NASAL SPRAY CONT.SIDE EFFECTS: Sneezing Coughing/Sore throat Watery eyes Nasal/Sinus irritation
    24. 24. Advantages: Fastest delivery of nicotine currently available Easy to useDisadvantages: Prescription required Must be used frequently to obtain adequate nicotine levels
    25. 25. MEDICATIONTwo FDA approved drugs: Varenicline Tartrate(Chantix) Bupropion(Zyban), first non-nicotine medicine shown to be effectiveIn 2009 the FDA issued a black box warning for both because oftheir detriment to mental health
    26. 26. MEDICATIONZyban: Blocks uptake of the neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine Dopamine controls signals of pleasure and pain, motor skills, and emotional responses Norepinephrine helps relay messages to the brain and help it respond to stimuli it receives Categorized as an antidepressant
    27. 27. ZYBAN CONT.Zyban: Taken orally Extended/sustained release tablets Extended tablets; 1x/day Sustained tablets; 2x/wk Should be taken with food and same time each day
    28. 28. ZYBAN CONT.SIDE EFFECTS: Xerostomia, Drowsiness, Headache, Weight loss Uncontrollable shaking of body partsSevere side effects include: Seizures, Chest pain, Irregular heart beat Suicidal thoughts, Hallucination
    29. 29. ZYBAN CONT.Advantages: Non addictive, Pill formDisadvantages: Prescription required Contraindicated w/ certain medical conditions(seizures) and medications May take up to 4 wks. to feel full effect Strict time regiment
    30. 30. MEDICATIONChantix: When a person smokes, the nicotine attaches to receptors that go to your brain and stimulate the release of Dopamine, which causes the feeling of pleasure people get from tobacco. Chantix blocks this receptor so dopamine cant be released, and therefore, people dont receive that pleasure feeling when they smoke.
    31. 31. CHANTIX CONT.Chantix: Taken orally in tablet form 1-2 times per day Dosage slowly increased over time, then maintained over a three month period
    32. 32. CHANTIX CONT.Side Effects: Nausea, Constipation Unusual dreams/nightmares Weakness or numbness in extremities Swelling of extremities and face (lips, gums, eyes, etc.) Suicidal thoughts and depression
    33. 33. CHANTIX CONT.Advantages: Easy to use; Pill form No known drug interactions 44% success rateDisadvantages: Nausea is common Prescription is required
    34. 34. NICOTINE INHALERNicotrolElectronic cigarette
    35. 35. NICOTINE INHALERHOW IT WORKS; Transmucousal delivery, then enters bloodstream Uses a nicotine cartridge Delivers a small pump of nicotine vapor Gives sensation of smoking w/o inhaling harmful toxins that are found within cigarette smoke8-10 puffs off of inhaler is equivalent to one cigarette
    36. 36. NICOTINE INHALERSide Effects: Acidic/Sour stomach Belching Coughing Mouth/throat irritation
    37. 37. NICOTINE INHALERAdvantages: Flexible dosing You control nicotine intake Can be used in conjunction with other NRT Mimics the hand to mouth behavior
    38. 38. NICOTINE INHALERDisadvantages: Prescription is required Needs to be used multiple times per day May cause mouth/throat irritation
    39. 39. THE CHOICE IS YOURS!One thousand Americans stop smoking every day - by dying.“You dont get to choose how youre going to die. Or when.You can only decide how youre going to live. Now.”
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