Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Smoking cessation project
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Smoking cessation project

325
views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
325
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • Transcript

    • 1. SMOKING CESSATION Ashley Olsen Stacy Coon Nichole Carter Angela Morgan
    • 2. HEALTH EFFECTSHarms every organ in the bodyCauses many diseases/cancer gum disease, cardiovascular disease, emphysema, bronchitis stomach, lung, esophagus, oral cancer
    • 3. SIDE EFFECTSCNSBloodHeartOral cavity
    • 4. ORAL CAVITYBad breathInflammation of salivary glandsPlaque and tarterLoss of bone within jawLeukoplakiaDelayed healing process following dental procedures Alveolar osteitis (dry socket)
    • 5. CUT THE HABIT!Nicotine Replacement Therapies: Gum, Patch Lozenges, Nasal Spray Medication, Inhaler
    • 6. NICOTINE GUMCommon types: Nicorette Nicogum Nicotinell
    • 7. NICOTINE GUM CONT.HOW IT WORKS: Chewing the gum releases nicotine which is absorbed into the bloodstream from the lining of the mouth Chew slowly and only chew when more nicotine is needed Comes in different doses
    • 8. NICOTINE GUM CONT. SIDE EFFECTS: Mouth ulcers Dizziness Nausea Allergic reactions (swelling of the gums, itching)
    • 9. NICOTINE GUM CONT. Advantages: Convenient Discrete Fast acting Many flavors
    • 10. NICOTINE GUM CONT.Disadvantages: Do not drink or eat 15 min. before or while chewing TMJ Inconvenient for those with dental prosthesis
    • 11. NICOTINE PATCHCommon types: Nicoderm CQ Habitrol Nicotrol
    • 12. NICOTINE PATCH CONT.HOW IT WORKS: Releasing a controlled dose of nicotine throughout the day through the skin Comes in different doses: 7mg, 14mg, 21mg
    • 13. NICOTINE PATCH CONT.SIDE EFFECTS: Mild itching Redness Burning Stinging at the application site
    • 14. NICOTINE PATCH CONT.Advantages: Greatly reduces the urge Easy to use Effective substitute for those who do not prefer oral methods Can combine with short acting NRT’s
    • 15. NICOTINE PATCH CONT.Disadvantages: Vivid dreams Skin rash/irritation Allergic reaction Needs to be changed every 24 hrs.
    • 16. LOZENGECommon types: Nicorette Commit
    • 17. LOZENGE CONT.HOW IT WORKS: Dissolves slowly in your mouth or under your tongue Takes 30 min. to dissolve Small doses of nicotine at a time Dosage: 2mg, 4mg
    • 18. LOZENGE CONT.SIDE EFFECTS: Heartburn Hiccups Sore throat Increase heart rate
    • 19. LOZENGES CONT.Advantages: Easy to use Variety of flavors Delivers 25% higher nicotine dosage than the nicotine gum
    • 20. LOZENGES CONT.Disadvantages: No drinking/eating 15 min. before or during use Should not be chewed or swallowed Nausea Appealing to children and teens
    • 21. NASAL SPRAYCommon types: Nicotrol, NicoretteAerosolized nicotine contained in a spray pump
    • 22. NASAL SPRAY CONT.HOW IT WORKS: The spray is pumped into each nostril and absorbed via the nasal membranes Recommended dosage; one spray in each nostril 1-3x/hr.
    • 23. NASAL SPRAY CONT.SIDE EFFECTS: Sneezing Coughing/Sore throat Watery eyes Nasal/Sinus irritation
    • 24. Advantages: Fastest delivery of nicotine currently available Easy to useDisadvantages: Prescription required Must be used frequently to obtain adequate nicotine levels
    • 25. MEDICATIONTwo FDA approved drugs: Varenicline Tartrate(Chantix) Bupropion(Zyban), first non-nicotine medicine shown to be effectiveIn 2009 the FDA issued a black box warning for both because oftheir detriment to mental health
    • 26. MEDICATIONZyban: Blocks uptake of the neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine Dopamine controls signals of pleasure and pain, motor skills, and emotional responses Norepinephrine helps relay messages to the brain and help it respond to stimuli it receives Categorized as an antidepressant
    • 27. ZYBAN CONT.Zyban: Taken orally Extended/sustained release tablets Extended tablets; 1x/day Sustained tablets; 2x/wk Should be taken with food and same time each day
    • 28. ZYBAN CONT.SIDE EFFECTS: Xerostomia, Drowsiness, Headache, Weight loss Uncontrollable shaking of body partsSevere side effects include: Seizures, Chest pain, Irregular heart beat Suicidal thoughts, Hallucination
    • 29. ZYBAN CONT.Advantages: Non addictive, Pill formDisadvantages: Prescription required Contraindicated w/ certain medical conditions(seizures) and medications May take up to 4 wks. to feel full effect Strict time regiment
    • 30. MEDICATIONChantix: When a person smokes, the nicotine attaches to receptors that go to your brain and stimulate the release of Dopamine, which causes the feeling of pleasure people get from tobacco. Chantix blocks this receptor so dopamine cant be released, and therefore, people dont receive that pleasure feeling when they smoke.
    • 31. CHANTIX CONT.Chantix: Taken orally in tablet form 1-2 times per day Dosage slowly increased over time, then maintained over a three month period
    • 32. CHANTIX CONT.Side Effects: Nausea, Constipation Unusual dreams/nightmares Weakness or numbness in extremities Swelling of extremities and face (lips, gums, eyes, etc.) Suicidal thoughts and depression
    • 33. CHANTIX CONT.Advantages: Easy to use; Pill form No known drug interactions 44% success rateDisadvantages: Nausea is common Prescription is required
    • 34. NICOTINE INHALERNicotrolElectronic cigarette
    • 35. NICOTINE INHALERHOW IT WORKS; Transmucousal delivery, then enters bloodstream Uses a nicotine cartridge Delivers a small pump of nicotine vapor Gives sensation of smoking w/o inhaling harmful toxins that are found within cigarette smoke8-10 puffs off of inhaler is equivalent to one cigarette
    • 36. NICOTINE INHALERSide Effects: Acidic/Sour stomach Belching Coughing Mouth/throat irritation
    • 37. NICOTINE INHALERAdvantages: Flexible dosing You control nicotine intake Can be used in conjunction with other NRT Mimics the hand to mouth behavior
    • 38. NICOTINE INHALERDisadvantages: Prescription is required Needs to be used multiple times per day May cause mouth/throat irritation
    • 39. THE CHOICE IS YOURS!One thousand Americans stop smoking every day - by dying.“You dont get to choose how youre going to die. Or when.You can only decide how youre going to live. Now.”

    ×