Clp 1040 what is a documentary

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Civic Life Project - What is a Documentary

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Clp 1040 what is a documentary

  1. 1. What Is A Documentary? "Documentaries bring viewers into new worlds and experiences through the presentation of factual information about real people, places, and events.” Sheila Curran Bernard, Documentary Storytelling
  2. 2. A Documentary Has • Factual Information • Real People • Real Places
  3. 3. A Documentary Has: • Factual Information – Not distorted – Not one-sided • Daniel Patrick Moynihan – “Everyone is entitled to his own opinion, but not to his own facts.”
  4. 4. A Documentary Has: • Factual Information – Not distorted – Not one-sided • Real People – Actors - sometimes such as in Civil War films – Recreations – sometimes in crime reports
  5. 5. A Documentary Has: • Factual Information – Not distorted – Not one-sided • Real People – Actors - sometimes such as in Civil War films – Recreations – sometimes in crime reports • Real Places – Maps – Graphics
  6. 6. Essential Elements • The Open – Grabs Your Attention – Sets up the subject matter – Draws in the viewer
  7. 7. How To Do That • Emotion • Shock • Interesting Video • Interesting Information
  8. 8. Emotion
  9. 9. Shock
  10. 10. Interesting Video
  11. 11. Interesting Information
  12. 12. The Documentary • Set Up • Body • Conclusion
  13. 13. The Documentary • The Set Up – Tell them what you are going to tell them – Brief outline of the subject – Make the audience want to watch
  14. 14. The Documentary • The Body – Tell them what you are telling them • Voice Over narration • Video that shows the subject matter – B-roll – Sometimes voice over – Sometimes full sound • Interviews that add information, impact or emotion • Graphics that enhance the viewer’s understanding
  15. 15. The Documentary • The Conclusion – Tell them what you just told them • Summary of important elements – Use different graphics – Additional information – Opinion of the producer • The viewer has the information to understand the subject • Now the producer can present a point of view
  16. 16. The Close • Title – Music Full Sound • Credits • Fade to black
  17. 17. How To Get There From Here! • Find a subject – Something you are: • Want to know more about • Angry about • Confused about – Something related to a constitutional issue • Free speech, Freedom of Religion, Free Press • Interstate commerce • Taxation, Gun control, Criminal prosecution
  18. 18. How To Get There From Here! • Do some research – Get the basic information – Find potential interviews – Locate places for B-roll video
  19. 19. How To Get There From Here! • Write a treatment – A basic outline – Explains the subject – Tells why we should care – Shows how you will get it done
  20. 20. How To Get There From Here! • Line up and shoot interviews – First prepare questions – Listen to responses and follow-up – Take notes
  21. 21. How To Get There From Here! • Shoot B-roll video – Match video to elements of interviews – Use video to show subject matter – Video is essential to cover voiceover narration
  22. 22. How To Get There From Here! • Produce a Rundown – An outline of the documentary – Lets everyone know the order and flow – Organizes elements for everyone working on the video
  23. 23. How To Get There From Here! • Create Graphics – Help explain subject – Reinforce visually the narration
  24. 24. How To Get There From Here! • Write the voiceovers – Provides the basic information – Short declarative sentences – Keep them tight and to the point – Remember to coordinate with the video
  25. 25. How To Get There From Here! • Edit the elements – B-roll edited to match the narration or vice-versa – Interviews edited for proper effect • For emotional impact • For credibility – Cut for proper length
  26. 26. How To Get There From Here! • Assemble the documentary – Pull all the elements together in a cohesive piece – Trim videos or re-cut when necessary – Rewrite and record voiceovers where necessary

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